# Principles of the micromechanics of material damage. 1. Short-term damage

Abstract

The principles of the theory of long-term damage based on the mechanics of stochastically inhomogeneous media are set out. The process of damage is modeled as randomly dispersed micropores resulting from the destruction of microvolumes. A failure criterion for a single microvolume is associated with its long-term strength dependent on the relationship of the time to brittle failure and the difference between the equivalent stress and the Huber-von Mises failure stress, which is assumed to be a random function of coordinates. The stochastic elasticity equations for porous media are used to determine the effective moduli and the stress-strain state of microdamaged materials. The porosity balance equation is derived in finite-time and differential-time forms for given macrostresses or macrostrains and arbitrary time using the properties of the distribution function and the ergodicity of the random field of short-term strength as well as the dependence of the time to brittle failure on the stress state and the short-term strength. The macrostress-macrostrain relationship and the porosity balance equation describe the coupled processes of deformation and long-term damage