Effect of the compatibilizer on the morphology and properties of dynamically cured PP/POE/epoxy blends

Published on May 5, 2012in Journal of Applied Polymer Science2.52
· DOI :10.1002/APP.35307
Xue Liang Jiang1
Estimated H-index: 1
(WIT: Wuhan Institute of Technology),
Yihong Fan1
Estimated H-index: 1
(WIT: Wuhan Institute of Technology)
Source
Abstract
Dynamic vulcanization was successfully applied to epoxy resin reinforced polypropylene (PP)/ethylene-octene copolymer (POE) blends, and the effects of different compatibilizers on the morphology and properties of dynamically cured PP/POE/epoxy blends were studied. The results show that dynamically cured PP/POE/epoxy blends compatibilized with maleic anhydride-grafted polypropylene (MAH-g-PP) have a three-phase structure consisting of POE and epoxy particles dispersed in the PP continuous phase, and these blends had improved tensile strength and flexural modulus. While using maleic anhydride-grafted POE (MAH-g-POE) as a compatibilizer, the structure of the core-shell complex phase and the PP continuous phase showed that epoxy particles could be embedded in MAH-g-POE in the blends, and gave rise to an increase in impact strength, while retaining a certain strength and modulus. DSC analysis showed that the epoxy particles in the blends compatibilized with MAH-g-PP were more efficient nucleating agents for PP than they were in the blends compatibilized with MAH-g-POE. WAXD analysis shows that compatibilization do not disturb the crystalline structure of PP in the blends. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci, 2012
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