Imaging manifestations of neck masses in the immunocompromised host

Published on Jul 1, 2007in Clinical Radiology2.118
· DOI :10.1016/J.CRAD.2007.01.011
N. Taylor2
Estimated H-index: 2
(John Radcliffe Hospital),
Andrew Scarsbrook29
Estimated H-index: 29
(Churchill Hospital)
+ 2 AuthorsR.R. Phillips1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Churchill Hospital)
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, haematological malignancy, and immunosuppression for transplantation and autoimmune disorders have led to a large increase in immunocompromised patients. Neck masses are relatively common in this patient group and include both opportunistic and severe manifestations of common infections, benign hyperplasia, and primary or secondary malignancies. Although biopsy may be necessary for definitive diagnosis, features on cross-sectional imaging may suggest a specific diagnosis or limit the differential diagnosis and facilitate optimal patient management. This article will review critical aspects of neck anatomy, illustrate the spectrum of imaging features, and discuss the interpretative pearls and pitfalls when evaluating neck masses in immunocompromised patients.
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