Refractive Errors, Amblyopia and Strabismus in 3-year-old Premature Children

Published on Oct 1, 2010in Journal of The Korean Ophthalmological Society
路 DOI :10.3341/JKOS.2010.51.10.1385
Ji Hyun Bae2
Estimated H-index: 2
(Sacred Heart Hospital),
Dong Gyu Choi6
Estimated H-index: 6
(Sacred Heart Hospital)
Purpose: To evaluate the refractive status, anisometropia, amblyopia and strabismus in 3-year-old premature children. Methods: A total of 161 eyes from 82 premature infants were retrospectively reviewed and divided into three groups according to the presence of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) and treatment; Group 1 (68 eyes): without ROP, Group 2-1 (32 eyes): spontaneously regressed ROP, and Group 2-2 (61 eyes): regressed ROP with treatment. The incidences and clinical features of refractive errors, anisometropia, amblyopia and strabismus at the age of three years were compared among the three groups. Results: The incidences of myopia, astigmatism, anisometropia and the severity of myopia increased according to the presence of ROP and treatment (p = 0.03, 0.02, 0.001, and 0.04, respectively). There were no significant differences in the incidences of hyperopia among the three groups; however, the severity of hyperopia in Group 2-2 was higher than those in the other two groups (p = 0.01). Patients in Group 1 had better best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) compared with those of the other two groups (p
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#1Hans C. Fledelius (UCPH: University of Copenhagen)H-Index: 29
: Refractive findings are reported in a follow-up study comprising 88 children aged 7-10 years, who were submitted to regular control for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in the first months after their pre-term delivery 1982-84 (mean birthweight 1467 g, mean gestational age 31 weeks). The refractive range was -13 to +6.75 D. In four subjects with fully-blown ROP both eyes were left blind and dysmorphic. Twenty-four had had ROP with regression; myopia of prematurity (MOP) appeared in six (25%). ...
Introduction Prematurely born children have an increased risk of ophthalmologic problems. There is still no consensus on how they should be followed. The purpose of this study was to evaluate predictive factors for problems in premature children at ten years of age and to discuss follow-up recommendations. Materials and methods One hundred ninety-nine children with a birth weight of 1500 g or less were screened for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in the neonatal period and thereafter ophthalmol...
#1Anna R. O'Connor (University of Liverpool)H-Index: 18
#2C M Wilson (St Mary's Hospital)H-Index: 1
Last. Alistair R. Fielder (City University London)H-Index: 41
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As survival of preterm infants improves, the long-term care of consequent ophthalmic problems is an expanding field. Preterm birth can inflict a host of challenges on the developing ocular system, resulting in the visual manifestations of varied significance and pathological scope. The ophthalmic condition most commonly associated with preterm birth is retinopathy of prematurity, which has the potential to result in devastating vision loss. However, the visual compromise from increased incidence...
Purpose: To evaluate the prevalence and development of strabismus, at 10 years, in children born prematurely. Methods: This population-based study included 216 premature and 217 full-term children from the same geographic area. Results: Strabismus was noted in 16.2% (35 of 216) premature and in 3.2% (7 of 217) full-term children. The most important risk factors for strabismus at 10 years were anisometropia at 6 months, spherical equivalent refractive errors (ie, > +3 D or < -3 D) at 2.5 years, a...
#1Eibhlin McLoone (UCD: University College Dublin)H-Index: 8
#2Michael O'Keefe (UCD: University College Dublin)H-Index: 42
Last. Bernadette Lanigan (UCD: University College Dublin)H-Index: 16
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Purpose To assess the long-term refractive and biometric outcomes of diode laser-treated eyes in threshold retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). Methods Cycloplegic autorefraction and biometry (Zeiss IOLMaster) were performed, at a mean follow-up of 11 years, on 16 laser-treated eyes with threshold ROP and 9 comparison eyes with subthreshold untreated ROP. Results The laser-treated eyes had a mean spherical equivalent of 鈭2.33 D with a mean astigmatic error of 1.38 D. The comparison eyes had a mean ...
Changing preterm population variables have masked improvements in neonatal survival over time. Increased use of antenatal steroids, caesarean section, and surfactant may have reduced the likelihood of mortality and periventricular haemorrhage by a third and doubled that of chronic lung disease, persistent duct, and septicaemia.
#1Eibhlin McLoone (Boston Children's Hospital)H-Index: 8
#2Michael O'KeefeH-Index: 42
Last. Bernadette LaniganH-Index: 16
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To assess the long term functional and structural outcomes of premature babies who received diode laser photocoagulation for threshold of prematurity (ROP). 25 patients (43 eyes) treated with laser were recalled for assessment at a mean follow up of 11 years. A further seven patients (14 eyes) with subthreshold ROP, which had regressed spontaneously without laser treatment, were also examined. All children underwent distance acuity, near acuity, contrast sensitivity (CS), and colour vision asses...
#1Anna R. O'Connor (University of Liverpool)H-Index: 18
#2Terence StephensonH-Index: 53
Last. Alistair R. FielderH-Index: 41
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Aims: To determine the refractive status and ocular dimensions of a cohort of children at age 10鈥12 years with birth weight below 1701 g, and also the relation between the neonatal ophthalmic findings and subsequent refractive state. Methods: 293 low birthweight children who had been examined in the neonatal period were assessed at 10鈥12 years of age. The examination consisted of autorefraction, keratometry, and A-scan. Results of right eyes were compared with published normative data. Results: ...
Objective To evaluate the development of refraction, expressed as spherical equivalents, in prematurely born children during the first 10 years of life. Methods Retinoscopy in cycloplegia was performed at 6 months, 2.5 years, and 10 years of age in 198 prematurely born children from a previous population-based study on the incidence of retinopathy of prematurity. Spherical equivalents were calculated. Myopia was defined as a spherical equivalent of less than 0 diopters (D), clinically significan...
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#1Kyung Tae Kim (CBNU: Chungbuk National University)H-Index: 4
#2Mi Young Choi (CBNU: Chungbuk National University)H-Index: 5
Purpose: We intended to investigate the clinical features and success rates of surgery in premature children with exotropia. Methods: Twenty-two exotropia children with a gestational age of less than 37 weeks, or a birth weight of less than 2,000 g were included. The children had also been clinically observed for at least six months after surgery for exotropia. This study analyzed the results of their surgery in terms of gestational age, birth weight, ages at the first examination, and surgery, ...
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