Traditional uses and medicinal potential of Cordyceps sinensis of Sikkim.

Published on Jan 1, 2011in Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
· DOI :10.4103/0975-9476.78183
Ashok Kumar Panda4
Estimated H-index: 4
,
Kailash Chandra Swain1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Manipal University)
Sources
Abstract
Cordyceps sinensis has been described as a medicine in old Chinese medical books and Tibetan medicine. It is a rare combination of a caterpillar and a fungus and found at altitudes above 4500m in Sikkim. Traditional healers and local people of North Sikkim recommend the mushroom, i.e., Yarsa gumba, Keera jhar (C. sinensis ) for all diseases either as a single drug or combined with other herbs. The present study was undertaken to collect information regarding the traditional uses of cordyceps in Sikkim. It was found that most local folk healers/traditional healers use cordyceps for the treatment of 21 ailments. A modern literature search was carried out to assess whether the curative effects are valid or just blind faith of local people. Chemical constituents of cordyceps are given and pharmacological and biological studies reviewed. More mechanism-based and disease-oriented clinical studies are recommended.
Figures & Tables
Download
📖 Papers frequently viewed together
389 Citations
370 Citations
57 Citations
References4
Newest
Cordyceps sinensis (Berk.) Sacc., a well-known and valued traditional medicine, is also called winter worm summer grass. The product deserves high potential to generate income opportunities, enhance rural income and raise the national revenue. The study of C. sinensis was carried out in Dolpa district, Western Nepal to document ethnomycological uses and local practices. Data were collected using open ended questionnaires administered to collectors/users (n = 74), traders (n = 25) and local heale...
52 CitationsSource
#1Yeshi Choden LamaH-Index: 1
Last. Plants InitiativeH-Index: 1
view all 5 authors...
65 Citations
#1Jia-Shi Zhu (Stanford University)H-Index: 2
#2Georges M. HalpernH-Index: 2
Last. Kenneth JonesH-Index: 3
view all 3 authors...
Cordyceps sinensis (Berk.) Sacc. is a time-honored tonic food and herbal medicine in China, where recent research has shown that many of its traditional uses may be viewed from the basis of pharmacological activities. The ongoing exploration of C. sinensis in its wild form and cultured, fermented mycelial products derived from it, are reviewed from English and Chinese literature. Part II concludes the series with a review of C. sinensis in preclinical in vitro and in vivo studies, and open-label...
240 CitationsSource
#1B. LowyH-Index: 1
#2R. Gordon WassonH-Index: 10
Last. R. G. WassonH-Index: 1
view all 2 authors...
Source
Cited By39
Newest
Source
#1Tolgou Yempabe (Tamale Teaching Hospital)H-Index: 1
#2Anthony Edusei (KNUST: Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology)H-Index: 7
Last. Charles Mock (UW: University of Washington)H-Index: 53
view all 5 authors...
Source
Source
#1Banani Das (Government Degree College)H-Index: 1
#2Biplab DeH-Index: 9
Last. Subhash C. Mandal (Jadavpur University)H-Index: 1
view all 4 authors...
The health benefits of mushrooms find their place in the ancient texts of Greek, Roman, Chinese, and in Ayurveda. Exploration and validation of the history and ethnic knowledge of the use of mushrooms have been a basis for a number of novel bioactive agents which may serve as leads for drug discovery. Mushrooms are significantly nutritious since they are low in fat and calories, whereas they are rich in protein including essential amino acids and dietary fiber. They are also a good source of var...
1 CitationsSource
#1Xiao Li (CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 2
#1Xiao Li (CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 14
Last. Caihong Dong (CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 14
view all 9 authors...
Chinese cordyceps, also known as Chinese caterpillar fungus (Ophiocordyceps sinensis, syn. Cordyceps sinensis), is of particular interest for its cryptic life cycle and economic and ecological importance. The large-scale artificial cultivation was succeeded recently after several decades of efforts and attempts. However, the induction of primordium, sexual development of O. sinensis and the molecular basis of its lifestyle still remain cryptic. The developmental transcriptomes were analyzed for ...
7 CitationsSource
#1Su-Jin Jung (CBNU: Chonbuk National University)H-Index: 8
#2Eun-Soo Jung (CBNU: Chonbuk National University)H-Index: 5
Last. Soo-Wan Chae (CBNU: Chonbuk National University)H-Index: 28
view all 6 authors...
Cordyceps is a traditional Chinese herb that produces various biopharmaceutical effects, including immune-enhancing effects. In this study, we prepared a Cordyceps mycelium culture extract (Paecilomyces hepiali, CBG-CS-2) to confirm its efficacy in enhancing the immune system and to evaluate its safety in healthy adults. Healthy adults were divided into the intervention group (n = 39), who were given 1.68 g/day of CBG-CS-2 in capsules, and the control group (n = 40) for 8 weeks. The activities o...
4 CitationsSource
#1Xiao Li (CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 2
#2Qing Liu (CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 5
Last. Caihong Dong (CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 14
view all 7 authors...
AbstractChinese cordyceps, an entity of the Chinese caterpillar fungus (Ophiocordyceps sinensis, syn. Cordyceps sinensis) that parasitizes ghost moth larvae, is one of the best known traditional Chinese medicines and is found exclusively on the Tibetan Plateau with limited natural resources. Although the fungus O. sinensis can grow on artificial substrates and the ghost moth has been successfully reared, the large-scale artificial cultivation of Chinese cordyceps has only recently been accomplis...
18 CitationsSource
#1Sudeshna Nandi (CU: University of Calcutta)H-Index: 1
#2Rimpa Sikder (CU: University of Calcutta)H-Index: 1
Last. Krishnendu Acharya (CU: University of Calcutta)H-Index: 32
view all 3 authors...
Across the globe cancer is emerging as an overriding source of death raising enduring consequences all through the life period of patients. Chemotherapeutic drugs adopted for cancer therapy have grievous after-effects, and growth of resistance is a major downside for these agents. For decades natural products and medicine have been intimately connected through the usage of conventional medicines. Mushrooms own substantial antiquity of use in conventional medicine with no or minimal side effects....
Source
#1Rahul ChaubeyH-Index: 1
#2Jitendra K. SinghH-Index: 1
Last. Amit KumarH-Index: 4
view all 4 authors...
Cordyceps are entomopathogenic fungi, which include about 400 species, have cosmopolitan distribution, and are dominant and abundantly found in humid temperate and tropical forests. Cordyceps attacks mainly the insect larvae, with few reports on pupa and adults; the fungus invades and gradually replaces the host tissue by its mycelium. Cordyceps host range is very wide but predominant on two orders Coleoptera and Lepidoptera. Cordyceps species have diverse pharmaceutical properties and are commo...
1 CitationsSource
#1Sanjana Kaul (JU: University of Jammu)H-Index: 16
#2Malvi Choudhary (JU: University of Jammu)
Last. Manoj K. Dhar (JU: University of Jammu)H-Index: 17
view all 5 authors...
Mushrooms being considered as ‘elixir of life’ are valued for their culinary and therapeutic purpose throughout the world. They are widely appreciated as human food for centuries and represent an untapped reservoir of bioactive metabolites. This chapter gives a comprehensive overview on the diversity and indigenous knowledge of wild and cultivated mushrooms in Himalayan region of India. The diverse topographical features and altitudinal variation in Himalayan region of India favours luxuriant bi...
Source