Glycemic Control and Implant Stabilization in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

Published on Apr 30, 2009in Journal of Dental Research4.914
· DOI :10.1177/0022034509334203
Thomas W. Oates35
Estimated H-index: 35
S. Dowell1
Estimated H-index: 1
(University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio)
+ 1 AuthorsC.A. McMahan1
Estimated H-index: 1
Diabetes mellitus is considered a relative contra-indication for implant therapy. However, the effect of glycemic level on implant integration in persons with diabetes remains poorly understood. The hypothesis of this research was that poor glycemic control is directly related to short-term-impairment implant stabilization. This prospective clinical study evaluated 10 non-diabetic individuals (12 implants) and 20 persons with type 2 diabetes (30 implants). Glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) levels ranged from 4.7-12.6%. Implant stability was assessed by resonance frequency analysis over 4 months following placement. Minimum stability levels were observed 2-6 weeks following placement for all 42 implants. Persons with HbA1c ≥ 8.1% had a greater maximum decrease in stability from baseline and required a longer time for healing, as indicated by return of stability level to baseline. This study demonstrates alterations in implant stability consistent with impaired implant integration for persons with type 2 diabetes mellitus in direct relation to hyperglycemic conditions.
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