Vascular Surgery and the General Surgeon: Review Article

Published on Mar 10, 2015in International Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
· DOI :10.4236/IJCM.2015.63018
Abdulsalam Y. Taha3
Estimated H-index: 3
Sources
Abstract
The vascular surgeon is trained in the management of diseases affecting all parts of the vascular system except that of the heart and brain whereas cardiothoracic surgeons manage surgical diseases of the heart and its vessels. Although vascular surgery is previously a field within general surgery, it is now considered a specialty on its own right in many countries such as the UK and the United States. Other countries such as Iraq have a mixed practice in which the cardiac or thoracic surgeon performs vascular surgery. Programs of training in vascular surgery are slightly different depending on the region of the world one is in. In the United States, a 5-year general surgery residency is followed by 2 years training in vascular surgery. In Iraq, the time table allocated for the general surgical trainee in vascular surgery is unfortunately short (1 - 3 months). This period is hardly enough for the candidate to grasp the decision-making and technical skills of vascular surgery. We believe that general surgeons need to have adequate training and expertise in vascular surgery particularly in areas and situations lacking this facility to deal with the life- and/or limb-threatening emergencies. This review article aims to orient the general surgical trainee about the scope of vascular surgery and enable them to correctly diagnose and treat common vascular emergencies such as extremity and abdominal vascular injuries (AVI).
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