Stress intensity factor solutions for adhesive-bonded lap-shear specimens of magnesium and steel sheets with and without kinked cracks for fatigue life estimations
Published on Nov 1, 2014in Engineering Fracture Mechanics3.426
· DOI :10.1016/J.ENGFRACMECH.2014.09.002
In this paper, stress intensity factor solutions for adhesive-bonded lap-shear specimens of magnesium alloy AZ31 and hot-dip-galvanized (HDG) mild steel sheets with and without kinked cracks are investigated for fatigue life estimations. First, the kinked fatigue crack failure mode of the adhesive-bonded lap-shear specimens is briefly reviewed. Then, the analytical global J integral and effective stress intensity factor solutions for main cracks in lap-shear specimens of three dissimilar sheets under plane strain conditions are developed based on the beam bending theory. The global effective stress intensity factor solutions for the main cracks in the lap-shear specimens from the corresponding finite element analyses are then presented and validated by the analytical solutions. Next, the local stress intensity factor solutions for kinked cracks with the experimentally observed kink angle as functions of the kink length from the corresponding finite element analyses are presented and the computational solutions are also compared with the analytical solutions at small kink lengths. The results indicate that the computational local stress intensity factor solutions for kinked cracks approach to the analytical solutions as the kink length decreases to a small value and the kinked crack is under dominant mode I loading conditions. The computational results also indicate that the local stress intensity factor solutions at a small kink length of microstructural significance may be used as the stress intensity factor solutions for zero or near zero kink length for fatigue life estimations when the computational results are not available. The computational local stress intensity factor solutions are then adopted to estimate the fatigue lives of the lap-shear specimens based on a kinked crack growth model and available material constants for the Paris law. The fatigue life estimations are lower than the experimental results. However, the general trend of fatigue life estimations agrees with that of the experimental results.