Emphysematous polycystic infection in a patient on peritoneal dialysis.

Published on Jul 1, 2014in Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
· DOI :10.4103/1319-2442.135175
Shankar Prasad Nagaraju6
Estimated H-index: 6
(U of O: University of Ottawa),
Ankur Gupta8
Estimated H-index: 8
(U of O: University of Ottawa)
+ 1 AuthorsAshish Khandelwal13
Estimated H-index: 13
(U of O: University of Ottawa)
Emphysematous infection of the cysts in patients with polycystic kidney disease is very rare and seldom reported. We herein report a case of emphysematous polycystic infection in a 61-year-old male patient who was on peritoneal dialysis for end-stage renal disease caused by adult polycystic kidney disease.
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Cyst infection is a frequent and serious complication of autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) that is often difficult to treat and can be fatal. However, much is still unknown about cyst infection. Positron emission tomography (PET) is generally recommended for detecting infected cysts, but it has the disadvantages of limited availability, high cost, and radiation exposure. We have devised magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) diagnostic criteria for cyst infection. Lipid-soluble anti...
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: We encountered a patient with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) complicated with emphysematous polycystic renal infection (EPRI). A 44-year-old woman visited our hospital for a fever, appetite loss, and gross hematuria. Because the patient was suffering from end-stage renal disease (ESRD), she was immediately hospitalized for hemodialysis. Multiple emphysematous infected cysts were noted in the right kidney, and antibiotic therapy and three rounds of cystic drainage were per...
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Solitary serous renal cysts are common but their suppuration is rare. Cystic infection is usually a complication of autosomal-dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD). Indeed, they account for approximately 10% of causes for hospitalization in patients with adult polycystic kidney disease.1 Herein, we report an extremely rare case of an emphysematous infection of a solitary renal cyst. To the best of our knowledge, this is the eighth case of a gas-forming infection of a renal cyst being report...
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