Journal of Nutrition
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#1Nicola Theis (University of Gloucestershire)H-Index: 6
#2Meghan A. Brown (University of Gloucestershire)H-Index: 7
Last. Mark Waldron (Swansea University)H-Index: 15
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BACKGROUND: Spastic cerebral palsy (CP) is characterized by muscle weakness owing, in part, to a blunted muscle protein synthetic response. This might be normalized by long-term leucine supplementation. OBJECTIVES: The study assessed the effects of 10 wk leucine supplementation in adolescents and adults with CP. METHODS: The study was a single-center randomized controlled trial. Twenty-four participants were randomly assigned to a control group (n = 12) or a leucine group (n = 12). l-Leucine (19...
1 CitationsSource
#1Helen M Lindqvist (University of Gothenburg)H-Index: 11
#2Millie Rådjursöga (University of Gothenburg)H-Index: 3
Last. Anna Winkvist (University of Gothenburg)H-Index: 41
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BACKGROUND: Increasing interest in diets excluding meat and other products of animal origin emphasizes the importance of objective and reliable methods to measure dietary exposure, to evaluate associations and causation between diet and health, and to quantify nutrient intakes in different diets. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate if NMR analysis of urine samples can serve as an objective method to discriminate vegan, vegetarian with or without fish, and omnivore diets. A secondary aim ...
1 CitationsSource
#1Jesús Francisco García-Gavilán (ISCIII: Carlos III Health Institute)H-Index: 5
#2Alfredo Martínez (Epigenomics AG)H-Index: 51
Last. Mònica Bulló (ISCIII: Carlos III Health Institute)H-Index: 52
view all 11 authors...
BACKGROUND Bone contributes to maintaining the acid-base balance as a buffering system for blood pH. Diet composition also affects acid-base balance. Several studies have linked an imbalance in the acid-base system to changes in the density and structure of bone mass, although some prospective studies and meta-analyses suggest that acid load has no deleterious effect on bone. OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to examine the associations between potential renal acid load (PRAL) and net endogeno...
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#1Xia Luo (HUST: Huazhong University of Science and Technology)H-Index: 2
#2Qing Liao (HUST: Huazhong University of Science and Technology)H-Index: 1
Last. Liming Cheng (HUST: Huazhong University of Science and Technology)H-Index: 10
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BACKGROUND: Vitamin D might have beneficial potential in influencing the natural history of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) due to its immunomodulatory and anti-inflammatory properties. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to investigate whether vitamin D deficiency is associated with COVID-19 incidence and disease severity in Chinese people. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study we retrospectively analyzed 335 COVID-19 patients (median: 56.0; IQR: 43.0-64.0 y) who were admitted to the Wuhan Tongji Hosp...
7 CitationsSource
#1Yueqin Qiu (SCAU: South China Agricultural University)H-Index: 5
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BACKGROUND Whether dietary choline and bile acids affect lipid use via gut microbiota is unclear. OBJECTIVES This study aimed to investigate the effect of choline and bile acids on growth performance, lipid use, intestinal immunology, gut microbiota, and bacterial metabolites in weaned piglets. METHODS A total of 128 weaned piglets [Duroc × (Landrace × Yorkshire), 21-d-old, 8.21 ± 0.20 kg body weight (BW)] were randomly allocated to 4 treatments (8 replicate pens per treatment, each pen containi...
1 CitationsSource
#1Michael J. Gibney (UCD: University College Dublin)H-Index: 57
1 CitationsSource
#1Isabel Madzorera (Harvard University)H-Index: 1
#2Mia M. Blakstad (Harvard University)H-Index: 3
Last. Wafaie W. Fawzi (Harvard University)H-Index: 2
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BACKGROUND Women's dietary diversity and quality are limited in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Nutrition-sensitive interventions that promote food crop diversity and women's access to income could improve diets and address the double burden of malnutrition in LMICs. OBJECTIVES We examined the associations among food crop diversity and women's income-earning activities with women's diet quality, as well as effect modification by access to markets, in the context of small-holder food pr...
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#1María J Ramírez-Luzuriaga (Emory University)H-Index: 3
#2John Hoddinott (Cornell University)H-Index: 56
Last. Aryeh D. Stein (Emory University)H-Index: 63
view all 7 authors...
Background Growth faltering in early childhood is associated with poor human capital attainment, but associations of linear growth in childhood with executive and socioemotional functioning in adulthood are understudied. Objectives In a Guatemalan cohort, we identified distinct trajectories of linear growth in early childhood, assessed their predictors, and examined associations between growth trajectories and neurodevelopmental outcomes in adulthood. We also assessed the mediating role of schoo...
1 CitationsSource
#1Vivian Perng (UC Davis: University of California, Davis)H-Index: 1
#2Chong Li (UC Davis: University of California, Davis)
Last. Peng Ji (UC Davis: University of California, Davis)H-Index: 10
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BACKGROUND Both iron deficiency and overload may adversely affect neurodevelopment. OBJECTIVES The study assessed how changes in early-life iron status affect iron homeostasis and cytoarchitecture of hippocampal neurons in a piglet model. METHODS On postnatal day (PD) 1, 30 Hampshire × Yorkshire crossbreed piglets (n = 15/sex) were stratified by sex and litter and randomly assigned to experimental groups receiving low (L-Fe), adequate (A-Fe), or high (H-Fe) levels of iron supplement during the p...
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Diabetes mellitus
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