Journal of Nutrition
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#1Sheridan L Helman (UQ: University of Queensland)H-Index: 2
#2Sarah J. Wilkins (QIMR: QIMR Berghofer Medical Research Institute)H-Index: 19
Last. David M. Frazer (QUT: Queensland University of Technology)H-Index: 30
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BACKGROUND: Many women enter pregnancy with iron stores that are insufficient to maintain maternal iron balance and support fetal development and, consequently, often require iron supplements. However, the side effects associated with many currently available iron supplements can limit compliance. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to test the safety and efficacy of a novel nanoparticulate iron supplement, a dietary ferritin analogue termed iron hydroxide adipate tartrate (IHAT), in pregnant mice. METH...
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#1Hope A. Weiler (McGill University)H-Index: 28
#2Catherine A. Vanstone (McGill University)H-Index: 23
Last. Dayre McNally (U of O: University of Ottawa)H-Index: 7
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BACKGROUND Vitamin D status at birth is reliant on maternal-fetal transfer of vitamin D during gestation. OBJECTIVE To examine vitamin D status of newborn infants in a diverse population and to subsequently identify the modifiable correlates of vitamin D status. DESIGN In this cross-sectional study, healthy mother-infant dyads (n = 1035) were recruited within 36 h after term delivery (March 2016 to March 2019). Demographic and lifestyle factors were surveyed. Newborn serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (2...
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#1Tanner Stokes (McMaster University)H-Index: 7
#2Yixue Mei (McMaster University)
Last. Stuart M. Phillips (McMaster University)H-Index: 116
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Background null The stimulation of muscle protein synthesis (MPS) by dietary protein is reduced with age. We hypothesized that twice-daily milk consumption would increase daily rates of MPS in older women relative to a non-dairy milk alternative and that MPS would be enhanced by increased physical activity (PA). null Methods null Twenty-two older women were randomly assigned to one of three experimental groups: whole milk (WM; n = 7, 69 ± 3 y), skim milk (SM; n = 7, 68 ± 3 y) or an almond bevera...
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#1Raphaëlle Jacob (Laval University)H-Index: 5
#2Catherine Bertrand (Pennington Biomedical Research Center)
Last. Louis Pérusse (Laval University)H-Index: 103
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BACKGROUND Recent studies showed that eating behaviors such as disinhibition, emotional and external eating, and snacking mediate genetic susceptibility to obesity. It remains unknown if diet quality and intake of specific food groups also mediate the genetic susceptibility to obesity. OBJECTIVE This study aimed to assess if diet quality and intakes of specific food groups mediate the association between a polygenic risk score (PRS) for body mass index (BMI) and BMI and waist circumference (WC)....
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#1Kohei Kido (Fukuoka University)
#2Keiichi Koshinaka (Niigata University of Health and Welfare)H-Index: 12
Last. Kentaro Kawanaka (Fukuoka University)H-Index: 24
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Background null Leucine has unique anabolic properties, serving as a nutrient signal that stimulates muscle protein synthesis. null Objective null We tested whether the leucine concentration is the only factor determining protein quality for muscle development. null Methods null We selected three dietary proteins: casein (CAS), egg white protein (EWP), and albumin (ALB), representing the leucine concentrations of approximately 8.3, 7.7, and 6.7% of the total protein (w/w), respectively. In the c...
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#1Christina M Fischer (CDC: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
#2Ming Zhang (CDC: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)H-Index: 40
Last. Debendra P. Adhikari (United States Agency for International Development)H-Index: 3
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BACKGROUND The low cost and small specimen volume of the VitMin Lab ELISA assays for serum ferritin (Fer), soluble transferrin receptor (sTfR), C-reactive protein (CRP), and α-1-acid glycoprotein (AGP) allowed their application to micronutrient surveys conducted in low-resource countries for ∼2 decades. OBJECTIVE We conducted a comparison between the ELISA and reference-type assays used in the US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. METHODS Using the Roche clinical analyzer as a ref...
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#1Ningjian Liang (OSU: Oregon State University)
#2Robert L. Beverly (OSU: Oregon State University)H-Index: 8
Last. David C. Dallas (OSU: Oregon State University)H-Index: 24
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BACKGROUND Milk proteins contain many encrypted bioactive peptides. Whether these bioactive peptides are released in the infant intestine and exert immunomodulatory activity remains unknown. OBJECTIVE This study examined in vitro immunomodulatory activities of peptides from in vitro- and in vivo-digested human milk. METHODS Peptides were extracted from in vitro-digested human milk and pooled intestinal samples from eight infants fed human milk. Peptides extracted from in vitro-digested samples w...
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#1Agata Sobczyńska-Malefora (St Thomas' Hospital)H-Index: 2
Last. Sarah Finer (QMUL: Queen Mary University of London)H-Index: 16
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BACKGROUND Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) can adversely affect the health of the developing foetus. Women of South Asian origin are particularly at risk of developing GDM. Insulin resistance (IR) contributes to the aetiology of GDM, and whilst studies have shown associations of vitamin B12 (B12) and folate status with GDM and IR, only a limited number of B12 and folate markers have been used. OBJECTIVE To use a comprehensive panel of B12 and folate markers to examine their association with ...
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#1Ariadne Bosman (EUR: Erasmus University Rotterdam)
#2Natalia Campos-Obando (EUR: Erasmus University Rotterdam)H-Index: 10
Last. M. Carola Zillikens (EUR: Erasmus University Rotterdam)H-Index: 60
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Background null Observational studies have reported associations between serum phosphate and body mass index (BMI) in specific clinical settings but the nature of this relation in the general population is unclear. null Objective null The aim of this study was twofold: to investigate the association between serum phosphate and BMI and body composition, and to explore evidence of causality through bidirectional one-sample Mendelian Randomization (MR) in the population-based Rotterdam Study (RS). ...
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#1Yasutake Tomata (Kanagawa University of Human Services)H-Index: 1
#2Yunzhang Wang (KI: Karolinska Institutet)H-Index: 9
Last. Juulia Jylhävä (UTA: University of Tampere)H-Index: 25
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BACKGROUND Observational studies have suggested that better protein nutritional status may contribute to prevention of frailty. OBJECTIVE To examine this hypothesis using a Mendelian randomization (MR) analysis. METHODS We conducted a two-sample MR study using GWAS summary statistics data of the UK Biobank. We applied genetically predicted serum albumin as a primary exposure measure and serum total protein as a secondary exposure measure. The outcome measure was the Rockwood frailty index (FI) b...
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