Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
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#1Phuong H. Nguyen (IFPRI: International Food Policy Research Institute)H-Index: 31
#2Samuel Scott (IFPRI: International Food Policy Research Institute)H-Index: 11
Last. Purnima Menon (IFPRI: International Food Policy Research Institute)H-Index: 36
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Adolescent birth is a major global concern owing to its adverse effects on maternal and child health. We assessed trends in adolescent birth and examined its associations with child undernutrition in Bangladesh using data from seven rounds of Demographic and Health Surveys (1996-2017, n = 12,006 primiparous women with living children <5 years old). Adolescent birth (10-19 years old) declined slowly, from 84% in 1996 to 71% in 2017. Compared with adult mothers (≥20 years old), young adolescent mo...
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#1Chi Zhang (Nanjing Medical University)
#2Xue‐qing Peng (Nanjing Medical University)
Last. Zhi‐guang Li (Nanjing Medical University)
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Online medical services (OMS) have become increasingly advantageous, but there are still several barriers to utilization among patients. This study aims to explore the factors influencing OMS utilization (OMSU) for patients in micro-, meso-, and macrosystems based on socioecological theory (SET) and from the perspective of the information-motivation-behavioral skills (IMB) model. We selected 1065 participants through multistage stratified cluster random sampling in Jiangsu, China. In microsystem...
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#1Antonella Muscella (University of Salento)H-Index: 22
#2Erika Stefàno (University of Salento)H-Index: 2
Last. Santo Marsigliante (University of Salento)H-Index: 18
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Salvia clandestina L. is a wild perennial species present in the Salento area of Italy. Here, we examined the in vitro effects of an aqueous extract of S. clandestina L. on the MG-63 osteosarcoma cell line. The extract reduced osteosarcoma cell viability mainly by way of apoptosis, as we observed (1) upregulation of gene and protein expression of p53, cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors p21WAF1 and p27Kip1 , and proapoptotic BAX; (2) activation of caspases; and (3) induction of a sub-G1 peak in t...
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#1Lingli Fang (CQMU: Chongqing Medical University)
#2Yusi Ye (CQMU: Chongqing Medical University)
Last. Yao He (CQMU: Chongqing Medical University)
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Overloading stress-induced condylar cartilage degeneration acts as the main pathologic change in temporomandibular joint osteoarthritis (TMJ-OA). However, the progression of degeneration and the ability for self-repair remain poorly understood. Here, we explored the progression of cartilage degeneration by dividing pathological stages using a steady mouth-opening mouse model. Then, we observed changes of cartilage by removing the loading at different stages to test the potential self-repair afte...
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#1Viktor Müller (MPG: Max Planck Society)H-Index: 29
#2Dionysios Perdikis (Charité)H-Index: 9
Last. Ulman Lindenberger (MPG: Max Planck Society)H-Index: 89
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Neurophysiological evidence shows that interpersonal action coordination is accompanied by interbrain synchronization (IBS). However, the functional significance of this association remains unclear. Using two experimental designs, we explored whether IBS is amenable to neurofeedback (NFB). Feedback was provided either as two balls approaching each other (so-called ball design), or as two pendula, each reflecting the oscillatory activity of one of the two participants (so-called pendulum design)....
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#1Shou-En Wu (NDMC: National Defense Medical Center)
#2Wei-Liang Chen (NDMC: National Defense Medical Center)
The association between sarcopenia and metabolic syndrome (MetS) has been well established. Nevertheless, the transition process between normal and low muscle mass (LMM) states and the effect of this transition on MetS has been less explored. Our study here examined whether the direction toward or away from LMM alters the risks of MetS. Initially, gene set enrichment analysis confirmed that MetS correlates with sarcopenia at the genetic level. Subsequently, 6476 eligible participants older than ...
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#1Federico Bertagna (University of Surrey)H-Index: 1
#2Rebecca Lewis (University of Surrey)H-Index: 10
Last. Kamalan Jeevaratnam (University of Surrey)H-Index: 15
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Many aspects of chemistry and biology are mediated by electromagnetic field (EMF) interactions. The central nervous system (CNS) is particularly sensitive to EMF stimuli. Studies have explored the direct effect of different EMFs on the electrical properties of neurons in the last two decades, particularly focusing on the role of voltage-gated ion channels (VGCs). This work aims to systematically review published evidence in the last two decades detailing the effects of EMFs on neuronal ion chann...
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The broad implications of acknowledging and embracing the emotions of awe and wonder are discussed in this special issue of Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, from their role as an incentive or impediment to scientific progress, to the many ways in which they connect to aesthetic experience, religious attitudes, and ethical concerns.
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#1Megan W. Bourassa (New York Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 16
#2Gilles Bergeron (New York Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 16
Last. Kenneth H. Brown (UC Davis: University of California, Davis)H-Index: 68
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Severe thiamine (vitamin B1 ) deficiency is generally regarded as a problem affecting mostly infants in low-income communities of Southeast Asia and adult alcoholics regardless of their location. However, recent scholarship shows that the disorders associated with thiamine deficiency may also affect heretofore unsuspected populations, and that the scope of disorders, including some long-lasting neurocognitive consequences, is broader than previously thought.
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#1Harold Alderman (IFPRI: International Food Policy Research Institute)H-Index: 51
#2Jed Friedman (World Bank)H-Index: 24
Last. Marta Rubio-Codina (BID: Inter-American Development Bank)H-Index: 12
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Although many education and health programs aim to improve early childhood development, it is challenging to assess developmental levels of infants and small children through large household surveys. The Caregiver Reported Early Development Instruments (CREDI) has been proposed as an adaptable, practical, and low-cost instrument for measuring the developmental status of children under 3 years of age at scale, as it is relatively short and collected by caregiver report. This study employed the CR...
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