Desalination
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#1Marek Gryta (West Pomeranian University of Technology)H-Index: 32
Abstract null null Oil contaminants adsorbed on the hydrophobic membranes during water desalination by membrane distillation (MD) resulted in accelerated membrane wetting. To mitigate wetting problem, the surface modifications by plasma treatment have been developed to enhance polypropylene membrane hydrophilicity without changing its bulk properties. Argon and argon/oxygen gas plasma were applied for this purpose. The surface wetting properties of the membranes were evaluated by measurement of ...
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#1Tiantong Yan (Sichuan University)H-Index: 3
#2Guo Xie (Sichuan University)H-Index: 8
Last. Yingzhang Liu (Sichuan University)
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Abstract null null Solar still is widely used for supplying fresh water to small communities in remote areas. One drawback of this technique lies in the low freshwater yield. Recent studies on stills of multi-effect and vacuum design proved their potential for high yield. However, such systems suffer from high electricity consumption and insufficient cooling. In this study, a novel system with a periodic pressure control scheme and water immersion cooling has been proposed to mitigate these defe...
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#1Farzin Saffarimiandoab (THU: Tsinghua University)H-Index: 1
#2Riccardo Mattesini (THU: Tsinghua University)H-Index: 1
Last. Xihui Zhang (THU: Tsinghua University)H-Index: 22
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Abstract null null Parameter optimization in designing a rational capacitive deionization (CDI) process is usually performed to achieve both high electrosorption capacity and speed. This necessitates a clear understanding of system behavior and discriminating the features' role on desalination capacity from its dynamic. Machine learning (ML) modeling is widely employed for understanding various systems' behavior as an alternative for physics-based extrapolation models. Herein, various ML models ...
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#1Jiho Lee (KIST: Korea Institute of Science and Technology)H-Index: 13
#2Jaehan Lee (Hongik University)H-Index: 4
Last. Jeyong Yoon (SNU: Seoul National University)H-Index: 75
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Abstract null null Multichannel desalination batteries (MC-DBs) have been utilized to enhance the performance of battery electrodes by decoupling the electrodes (side channels) and target brackish water (middle feed channel), enabling independent control of the channels. Nevertheless, the technological level of MC-DB is at an infancy, and further understanding of the role of operating conditions is required for its practical application. In this study, a parametric investigation of the applied c...
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#1Mengmeng Lou (Donghua University)H-Index: 1
#2Xiaofeng Fang (Donghua University)H-Index: 2
Last. Fang Li (Donghua University)H-Index: 19
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Abstract null null The effective treatment of oily saline wastewater has posed a challenge for membrane distillation (MD) technology due to the severe oil fouling. To address this dilemma, a Janus membrane was successfully developed in this study by incorporating tannic acid (TA)/ferric chloride (FeCl3) complex and polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) onto the polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) membrane surface via the nonsolvent-induced phase separation (NIPS) method. The characterization results demonst...
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#1Min Zhan (NU: Nanjing University)H-Index: 8
#2Young-Jin Kim (KU: Korea University)H-Index: 97
Last. Seungkwan Hong (KU: Korea University)H-Index: 54
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Abstract null null Forward osmosis (FO) has attracted growing attention in the field of membrane-based separation technology over the last two decades. Despite recent advancements in various osmosis-assisted processes, few studies have succeeded in commercialization. This paper reviews the state-of-the-art developments of FO membrane, limitation analysis, and commercial proper applications. First, the development of FO technology in terms of FO membranes, FO draw solution (DS), and FO systems is...
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#1Yaling Li (Donghua University)H-Index: 5
Last. Yi Wang (Donghua University)H-Index: 8
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Abstract null null Synergistically increasing the solar adsorption/conversion, regulating the water transfer and activation as well as resisting the fouling to enhance the solar-powered interfacial water evaporation performance remains an urgent challenge. Herein, a smart 3D porous photothermal composite hydrogel MoS2@GH, where the antibacterial porous molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) nanoflowers were intercalated between graphene (MoS2@GH) via a simple chemical reduction, was prepared. This cooperat...
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#1Van Huy Tran (UTS: University of Technology, Sydney)H-Index: 7
#2Sungil Lim (UTS: University of Technology, Sydney)H-Index: 13
Last. Ho Kyong Shon (UTS: University of Technology, Sydney)H-Index: 68
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Abstract null null This study investigated the comparative performances, fouling mitigation efficiencies, and operational costs of side-stream and submerged osmotic membrane bioreactors (OMBR) systems using an outer-selective hollow fiber thin-film composite forward osmosis (OSHF TFC FO) membrane. Generally, the submerged OMBR system exhibited the higher fouling mitigation efficiency and a much slower flux decline rate when compared with that of the side-stream system. The side-stream OMBR syste...
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#1Syed Muztuza AliH-Index: 8
#2Young-Jin KimH-Index: 97
Last. Ho Kyong ShonH-Index: 68
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#1Yonatan Gräber (Technion – Israel Institute of Technology)
#2Paz Nativ (Technion – Israel Institute of Technology)H-Index: 7
Last. Ori Lahav (Technion – Israel Institute of Technology)H-Index: 28
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Abstract null null The maximal recovery ratio of brackish water RO desalination plants located on the coastline can be significantly increased by exchanging Ca2+ with Mg2+ and Na+ ions in the raw water by passing the water through a cationic ion-exchange (CIX) resin which is thereafter regenerated with seawater. The concept allows also enriching the product water with Mg2+, at no additional cost. The Ca2+ fraction (equivalent-based) attached to the CIX resin at equilibrium with seawater was mere...
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Top fields of study
Chemistry
Desalination
Membrane
Chromatography
Waste management
Environmental engineering
Membrane technology