Pharmacology & Therapeutics
Papers 3,940
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#1Rok CerneH-Index: 9
#2Arnold S. LippaH-Index: 27
Last. Jeffrey M. Witkin (UWM: University of Wisconsin–Milwaukee)H-Index: 60
view all 9 authors...
Abstract null null Positive allosteric modulators of γ-aminobutyric acid-A (GABAA) receptors or GABAkines have been widely used medicines for over 70 years for anxiety, epilepsy, sleep, and other disorders. Traditional GABAkines like diazepam have safety and tolerability concerns that include sedation, motor-impairment, respiratory depression, tolerance and dependence. Multiple GABAkines have entered clinical development but the issue of side-effects has not been fully solved. The present review...
Over almost 140 years since their identification, the knowledge about macrophages has unbelievably evolved. The 'big eaters' from being thought of as simple phagocytic cells have been recognized as master regulators in immunity, homeostasis, healing/repair and organ development. Long considered to originate exclusively from bone marrow-derived circulating monocytes, macrophages have been also demonstrated to be the first immune cells colonizing tissues in the developing embryo and persisting in ...
#1Manon Gerum (UDS: University of Strasbourg)
#2Frédéric Simonin (UDS: University of Strasbourg)H-Index: 32
Chronic pain is a debilitating disorder that can occur as painful episodes that alternates with bouts of remission and occurs despite healing of the primary insult. Those episodes are often triggered by stressful events. In the last decades, a similar situation has been evidenced in a wide variety of rodent models (including inflammatory pain, neuropathy and opioid-induced hyperalgesia) where animals develop a chronic latent hyperalgesia that silently persists after behavioral signs of pain reso...
#1Andy Tran (U of T: University of Toronto)H-Index: 3
#2Wenyuan He (U of T: University of Toronto)H-Index: 1
Last. Denise D. Belsham (U of T: University of Toronto)H-Index: 51
view all 4 authors...
Abstract null null Spexin is the most recently discovered member of the galanin/kisspeptin/spexin family of peptides. This 14-amino acid peptide is highly conserved and is implicated in homeostatic functions including, but not limited to, metabolism, energy homeostasis, and reproduction. Spexin is expressed by neurons in the hypothalamus, which coordinate energy homeostasis and reproduction. Critically, levels of spexin appear to be altered in disorders related to energy homeostasis and reproduc...
#1Andreas Schäfer (MHH: Hannover Medical School)H-Index: 54
#2Johann Bauersachs (MHH: Hannover Medical School)H-Index: 104
Abstract null null After more than 10 years of routine clinical use, a debate about the preference of prasugrel over ticagrelor has been unveiled following publication of the ISAR-REACT 5 trial, an investigator-initiated trial directly comparing both substances as part of dual anti-platelet therapy following interventional treatment in patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS). Both substances had been tested in trials, approved by authorities and subsequently recommended by guidelines accord...
#1Lanqing Zhao (PRC: China Medical University (PRC))
#2Li Jinwei (PRC: China Medical University (PRC))
Last. Chuansheng Zhao (PRC: China Medical University (PRC))H-Index: 15
view all 5 authors...
Abstract null null Stroke is a huge burden on our society and this is expected to grow in the future due to the aging population and the associated co-morbidities. The improvement of acute stroke care has increased the survival rate of stroke patients, and many patients are left with permanent disability, which makes stroke the main cause of adult disability. Unfortunately, many patients face other severe complications such as post-stroke seizures and epilepsy. Acute seizures (ASS) occur within ...
#1Rebekah Petroff (UW: University of Washington)H-Index: 6
#2Alicia Hendrix (UW: University of Washington)H-Index: 2
Last. Thomas M. Burbacher (UW: University of Washington)H-Index: 31
view all 6 authors...
Domoic acid (DA), the causative agent for the human syndrome Amnesic Shellfish Poisoning (ASP), is a potent, naturally occurring neurotoxin produced by common marine algae. DA accumulates in seafood, and humans and wildlife alike can subsequently be exposed when consuming DA-contaminated shellfish or finfish. While strong regulatory limits protect people from the acute effects associated with ASP, DA is an increasingly significant public health concern, particularly for coastal dwelling populati...
#1Konstantinos Kamposioras (National Health Service)H-Index: 3
#2Maria Vassilakopoulou (UoC: University of Crete)
Last. Konstantinos Dimas (UTH: University of Thessaly)H-Index: 24
view all 8 authors...
Caveolin-1 (CAV1) is expressed in several solid tumors both in cancerous cells as well as in tumor stroma and is reported to be related to cancer progression, metastasis, therapy resistance and clinical outcomes. Many studies report contrasting functions of this protein depending on the tumor cell model, the tumor type, or the stage of cancer studied. This protein is reported to function both as tumor suppressor and as tumor promoter. In this review, we aim to summarize translational and clinica...
#1Cenglin Xu (ZJNU: Zhejiang Chinese Medical University)H-Index: 14
#2Yi-Wei Gong (ZJU: Zhejiang University)H-Index: 1
Last. Zhong Chen (ZJNU: Zhejiang Chinese Medical University)H-Index: 56
view all 4 authors...
Epilepsy, one of the most severe neurological diseases, is characterized by abrupt recurrent seizures. Despite great progress in the development of antiseizure drugs (ASDs) based on diverse molecular targets, more than one third of epilepsy patients still show resistance to ASDs, a condition termed pharmacoresistant epilepsy. The management of pharmacoresistant epilepsy involves serious challenges. In the past decade, promising advances have been made in the use of interdisciplinary techniques i...
#1Brian F. Niemeyer (University of Pittsburgh)H-Index: 1
#2Kambez H. Benam (University of Pittsburgh)H-Index: 13
Responding quickly to emerging respiratory viruses, such as SARS-CoV-2 the causative agent of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, is essential to stop uncontrolled spread of these pathogens and mitigate their socio-economic impact globally. This can be achieved through drug repurposing, which tackles inherent time- and resource-consuming processes associated with conventional drug discovery and development. In this review, we examine key preclinical and clinical therapeutic and prophyl...
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