Psychological Bulletin
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#1Martin Götz (UZH: University of Zurich)H-Index: 2
#2Ernest H. O'Boyle (IU: Indiana University)H-Index: 22
Last. Stella S BollmannH-Index: 1
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Questionable research practices (QRPs) can occur whenever one result is favored over another, and tests of mediation are no exception. Given mediation's ubiquity and importance to both theory and practice, QRPs in tests of mediation pose a serious threat to the advancement of psychology. We investigate this issue through the introduction of a straightforward means of detecting the presence and magnitude of QRPs in tests of mediation and validate this methodology with a series of sensitivity test...
4 CitationsSource
Communication is a core challenge for individuals on the autism spectrum, and many autistic individuals experience challenges with language. Prospective studies of younger siblings of children with autism show that siblings not only have an increased likelihood of developing autism themselves, but that even siblings without an autism spectrum diagnosis are more likely to have a language delay as toddlers than their peers without familial history of autism (Marrus et al., 2018). While there is su...
1 CitationsSource
#1Sophie L. Kjærvik (OSU: Ohio State University)H-Index: 1
#2Brad J. Bushman (OSU: Ohio State University)H-Index: 90
1 CitationsSource
Last. Claudia C. von BastianH-Index: 15
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Cognitive stimulation (CS) is a non-pharmacological intervention often involving group activities and social interaction used to treat cognitive declines in people with dementia. This pre-registered systematic review and meta-analysis evaluated the effectiveness of CS in producing benefits on cognition (primary outcome) and quality of life, activities of daily living, and psychological symptoms (secondary outcomes) across 44 randomized-controlled trials comprising 45 comparisons including 2,444 ...
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#1Ann-Kathrin TorkaH-Index: 2
#2Jens MazeiH-Index: 4
Last. Joachim HüffmeierH-Index: 17
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This preregistered meta-analysis theoretically and empirically integrates the two research strands on effort gains and effort losses in teams. Theoretically, we built on Shepperd's (1993) framework of productivity loss in groups and Karau and Williams' (1993) Collective Effort model (CEM) and developed the Team member Effort Expenditure model (TEEM), an extended Expectancy × Value framework with the explicit addition of an individual work baseline. Empirically, we included studies that allowed c...
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#1Jamie A. Spiegel (FIU: Florida International University)
#1Jamie A. Spiegel (FIU: Florida International University)H-Index: 8
Last. Christopher J. Lonigan (FSU: Florida State University)H-Index: 73
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The primary goal of this study was to examine developmental patterns among the relations between components of executive function (EF; working memory [WM], inhibitory control, shifting), and academic outcomes (reading, mathematics, language) in elementary school-age children. These relations were examined within the context of the development of EF and of academic skills utilizing an extension of the unity and diversity, intrinsic cognitive load, and dual process theories. Using meta-analytic me...
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#1G. Tyler Lefevor (USU: Utah State University)H-Index: 9
#2Edward B. Davis (Wheaton College (Illinois))H-Index: 12
Last. Abigail C. P. Smack (Rhodes College)H-Index: 3
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Meta-analyses suggest that religiousness/spirituality (R/S) is consistently and positively associated with health (average r = .15); however, the strength and direction of this relationship is much less clear among sexual minorities, and many sexual minorities experience tension related to R/S. To address this, we present results from the first meta-analysis of the relationship between R/S and health among sexual minorities. Using 279 effect sizes nested within 73 studies, multilevel meta-analys...
3 CitationsSource
#1Daniel Voyer (UNB: University of New Brunswick)H-Index: 29
#2Jean Saint Aubin (U de M: Université de Moncton)
Last. Genevieve Gallant (U de M: Université de Moncton)H-Index: 1
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The present meta-analysis aimed to quantify sex differences in verbal working memory and to examine potential moderators of these differences. We examined 802 effect sizes from 478 samples in 284 studies in a multilevel meta-analysis. Results revealed a small overall female advantage (g = .028, 95% CI [.006, .050]). In the overall sample, results showed that sex differences differed across tasks. Specifically, the female advantage was significant for cued tasks (g = .079, 95% CI [.030, .128]) an...
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#1Chunliang Yang (BNU: Beijing Normal University)H-Index: 7
#2Liang Luo (BNU: Beijing Normal University)H-Index: 8
Last. David R. Shanks (UCL: University College London)H-Index: 76
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Over the last century hundreds of studies have demonstrated that testing is an effective intervention to enhance long-term retention of studied knowledge and facilitate mastery of new information, compared with restudying and many other learning strategies (e.g., concept mapping), a phenomenon termed the testing effect. How robust is this effect in applied settings beyond the laboratory? The current review integrated 48,478 students' data, extracted from 222 independent studies, to investigate t...
4 CitationsSource
#1Jason W. Griffin (PSU: Pennsylvania State University)H-Index: 3
#2Russell M. Bauer (PSU: Pennsylvania State University)H-Index: 2
Last. K. Suzanne Scherf (PSU: Pennsylvania State University)H-Index: 23
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The ability to recognize an individual face is essential to human social interaction. Even subtle errors in this process can have huge implications for the way we relate to social partners. Because autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is characterized by deficits in social interaction, researchers have theorized about the potential role of atypical face identity processing to the symptom profile of ASD for more than 40 years. We conducted an empirical meta-analysis of this large literature to determin...
3 CitationsSource
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