Psychological Medicine
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#1Francesca Perini (NUS: National University of Singapore)H-Index: 3
#2Kian F. Wong (NUS: National University of Singapore)H-Index: 7
Last. Julian Lim (NUS: National University of Singapore)H-Index: 19
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Objective null Poor sleep is a modifiable risk factor for multiple disorders. Frontline treatments (e.g. cognitive-behavioral therapy for insomnia) have limitations, prompting a search for alternative approaches. Here, we compare manualized Mindfulness-Based Therapy for Insomnia (MBTI) with a Sleep Hygiene, Education, and Exercise Program (SHEEP) in improving subjective and objective sleep outcomes in older adults. null Methods null We conducted a single-site, parallel-arm trial, with blinded as...
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#1Melissa Commisso (Douglas Mental Health University Institute)
#2Caroline E. Temcheff (McGill University)H-Index: 13
Last. Marie-Claude Geoffroy (Douglas Mental Health University Institute)H-Index: 21
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Background null While childhood externalizing, internalizing and comorbid problems have been associated with suicidal risk, little is known about their specific associations with suicidal ideation and attempts. We examined associations between childhood externalizing, internalizing and comorbid problems and suicidal ideation (without attempts) and attempts by early adulthood, in males and females. null Method null Participants were from the Quebec Longitudinal Study of Kindergarten Children, a p...
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#1Allen J. Bailey (IU: Indiana University)H-Index: 4
#2Ricardo J. Romeu (IU: Indiana University)H-Index: 1
Last. Peter R. Finn (IU: Indiana University)H-Index: 49
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Delay discounting paradigms have gained widespread popularity across clinical research. Given the prevalence in the field, researchers have set lofty expectations for the importance of delay discounting as a key transdiagnostic process and a 'core' process underlying specific domains of dysfunction (e.g. addiction). We believe delay discounting has been prematurely reified as, in and of itself, a core process underlying psychological dysfunction, despite significant concerns with the construct v...
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#1Maxi Weber (FU: Free University of Berlin)
#2Sarah Schumacher (FU: Free University of Berlin)H-Index: 10
Last. Birgit Kleim (UZH: University of Zurich)H-Index: 24
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Several types of psychological treatment for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are considered well established and effective, but evidence of their long-term efficacy is limited. This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to investigate the long-term outcomes across psychological treatments for PTSD. MEDLINE, Cochrane Library, PTSDpubs, PsycINFO, PSYNDEX, and related articles were searched for randomized controlled trials with at least 12 months of follow-up. Twenty-two studies (N = 2638)...
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#1Rebecca WebbH-Index: 8
#2Rod BondH-Index: 22
Last. Susan AyersH-Index: 52
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#1Kenta Matsumura (University of Toyama)H-Index: 13
#2Kei Hamazaki (University of Toyama)H-Index: 26
Last. Hidekuni Inadera (University of Toyama)H-Index: 26
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BACKGROUND Intake of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) has favorable effects, including reducing violent and aggressive behaviors, but its association with infant maltreatment is unknown. We therefore tested the hypothesis that maternal intake of omega-3 PUFAs is associated with a lower risk of infant maltreatment. METHODS Participants were 92 191 mothers involved in the ongoing Japan Environment and Children's Study. Omega-3 PUFA intake during pregnancy was measured using a food frequ...
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#1Anna B. Chaplin (University of Cambridge)H-Index: 1
#2Natasha Faye Daniels (University of Cambridge)
Last. Gulam Khandaker (University of Cambridge)H-Index: 34
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BACKGROUND Depression is a common and serious mental illness that begins early in life. An association between cardiovascular disease (CVD) and subsequent depression is clear in adults. We examined associations between individual CVD risk factors and depression in young people. METHODS We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, and PsycINFO databases from inception to 1 January 2020. We extracted data from cohort studies assessing the longitudinal association between CVD risk factors [body mass index (BMI), s...
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#1Naomi Sadeh (UD: University of Delaware)H-Index: 29
#2Rickie Miglin (UD: University of Delaware)H-Index: 3
Last. Jeffrey M. Spielberg (UD: University of Delaware)H-Index: 28
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BACKGROUND People who tend to impulsively choose smaller, sooner rewards over larger, later rewards are at increased risk for addiction and psychiatric disorders. A neurobiological measure of the tendency to overvalue immediate gratification could facilitate the study of individuals who are susceptible to these mental disorders. The objective of this research was to develop a cortical assay of impulsive choice for immediate rewards. METHODS A cortex-based assay of impulsive choice was developed ...
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#1UnYoung Chavez-Baldini (UvA: University of Amsterdam)H-Index: 1
#2Dorien H. Nieman (UvA: University of Amsterdam)H-Index: 30
Last. Dirk J.A. Smit (UvA: University of Amsterdam)H-Index: 25
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Background null Patients with psychiatric disorders often experience cognitive dysfunction, but the precise relationship between cognitive deficits and psychopathology remains unclear. We investigated the relationships between domains of cognitive functioning and psychopathology in a transdiagnostic sample using a data-driven approach. null Methods null Cross-sectional network analyses were conducted to investigate the relationships between domains of psychopathology and cognitive functioning an...
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#1Lora I. Dimitrova ('KCL': King's College London)H-Index: 1
#2Sophie L. Dean ('KCL': King's College London)
Last. Antje A. T. S. Reinders ('KCL': King's College London)H-Index: 16
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BACKGROUND Little is known about the neural correlates of dissociative amnesia, a transdiagnostic symptom mostly present in the dissociative disorders and core characteristic of dissociative identity disorder (DID). Given the vital role of the hippocampus in memory, a prime candidate for investigation is whether total and/or subfield hippocampal volume can serve as biological markers of dissociative amnesia. METHODS A total of 75 women, 32 with DID and 43 matched healthy controls (HC), underwent...
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Top fields of study
Psychiatry
Developmental psychology
Psychology
Depression (differential diagnoses)
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Clinical psychology
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Schizophrenia