Progress in Neurobiology
Papers 2,391
1 page of 240 pages (2,391 results)
#1Giorgio M. Innocenti (KI: Karolinska Institutet)H-Index: 52
#2Kerstin E. Schmidt (UFRN: Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte)H-Index: 15
Last. Roberto Caminiti (IIT: Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia)H-Index: 43
view all 13 authors...
The brain operates through the synaptic interaction of distant neurons within flexible, often heterogeneous, distributed systems. Histological studies have detailed the connections between distant neurons, but their functional characterization deserves further exploration. Studies performed on the corpus callosum in animals and humans are unique in that they capitalize on results obtained from several neuroscience disciplines. Such data inspire a new interpretation of the function of callosal co...
#1Celia Foster (Bielefeld University)
#2Wei-An Sheng (University of Lyon)
Last. Suliann Ben Hamed (University of Lyon)H-Index: 24
view all 4 authors...
Macaque ventral intraparietal area (VIP) in the fundus of the intraparietal sulcus has been implicated in a diverse range of sensorimotor and cognitive functions such as motion processing, multisensory integration, processing of head peripersonal space, defensive behavior, and numerosity coding. Here, we exhaustively review macaque VIP function, cytoarchitectonics, and anatomical connectivity and integrate it with human studies that have attempted to identify a potential human VIP homologue. We ...
#1Luca Vizioli (UMN: University of Minnesota)H-Index: 11
#2Essa Yacoub (UMN: University of Minnesota)H-Index: 72
Last. Laura D. Lewis (Harvard University)H-Index: 10
view all 3 authors...
#1Jack T Scott (Australian Regenerative Medicine Institute)
#2James A. Bourne (Australian Regenerative Medicine Institute)H-Index: 29
Recent years have seen a profound resurgence of activity with nonhuman primates (NHPs) to model human brain disorders. From marmosets to macaques, the study of NHP species offers a unique window into the function of primate-specific neural circuits that are impossible to examine in other models. Examining how these circuits manifest into the complex behaviors of primates, such as advanced cognitive and social functions, has provided enormous insights to date into the mechanisms underlying sympto...
#1Paulino Ramirez (University of Texas at Austin)H-Index: 2
#2G. Zuniga (University of Texas at Austin)H-Index: 1
Last. Bess Frost (University of Texas at Austin)H-Index: 14
view all 14 authors...
Transposable elements comprise almost half of the mammalian genome. A growing body of evidence suggests that transposable element dysregulation accompanies brain aging and neurodegenerative disorders, and that transposable element activation is neurotoxic. Recent studies have identified links between pathogenic forms of tau, a protein that accumulates in Alzheimer's disease and related "tauopathies," and transposable element-induced neurotoxicity. Starting with transcriptomic analyses, we find t...
#1Byeongwook Lee (Stanford University)
#2Weidong Cai (Stanford University)H-Index: 23
Last. Vinod Menon (Stanford University)H-Index: 114
view all 10 authors...
Abstract null null Cognitive impairment in older adults is a rapidly growing public health concern as the elderly population dramatically grows worldwide. While it is generally assumed that cognitive deficits in older adults are associated with reduced brain flexibility, quantitative evidence has been lacking. Here, we investigate brain flexibility in healthy older adults (ages 60–85) using a novel Bayesian switching dynamical system algorithm and ultrafast temporal resolution (TR = 490 ms) whol...
#1Nasim Bahram Sangani (Maastricht University Medical Centre)H-Index: 1
#2Ana Rita Gomes (IMM: Instituto de Medicina Molecular)H-Index: 12
Last. Chris P. M. Reutelingsperger (Maastricht University Medical Centre)H-Index: 75
view all 4 authors...
With a diverse set of neuronal and glial cell populations, Central Nervous System (CNS) has one of the most complex structures in the body. Intercellular communication is therefore highly important to coordinate cell-to-cell interactions. Besides electrical and chemical messengers, CNS cells also benefit from another communication route, what is known as extracellular vesicles, to harmonize their interactions. Extracellular Vesicles (EVs) and their subtype exosomes are membranous particles secre...
#1Stefano Diomedi (UNIBO: University of Bologna)H-Index: 1
#2Francesco E. Vaccari (UNIBO: University of Bologna)H-Index: 2
Last. Patrizia Fattori (UNIBO: University of Bologna)H-Index: 46
view all 5 authors...
Abstract null null The classical view on motor control makes a clear distinction between the role of motor cortex in controlling muscles and parietal cortex in processing movement plans and goals. However, the strong parieto-frontal connections argue against such clear-cut separation of function. Modern dynamical approaches revealed that population activity in motor cortex can be captured by a limited number of patterns, called neural states that are preserved across diverse motor behaviors. Whe...
#1Roberta Vastano (Miami Project to Cure Paralysis)H-Index: 6
#2Marcello Costantini (University of Chieti-Pescara)H-Index: 29
Last. Eva Widerström-Noga (Miami Project to Cure Paralysis)H-Index: 31
view all 3 authors...
In this review we focus on maladaptive brain reorganization after spinal cord injury (SCI), including the development of neuropathic pain, and its relationship with impairments in body representation and multisensory integration. We will discuss the implications of altered sensorimotor interactions after SCI with and without neuropathic pain and possible deficits in multisensory integration and body representation. Within this framework we will examine published research findings focused on the ...
#1Janne Hakanen (UCL: Université catholique de Louvain)H-Index: 1
#2Nicolas Parmentier (UCL: Université catholique de Louvain)H-Index: 4
Last. Fadel Tissir (UCL: Université catholique de Louvain)H-Index: 33
view all 9 authors...
The tangential migration of immature neurons in the postnatal brain involves consecutive migration cycles and depends on constant remodeling of the cell cytoskeleton, particularly in the leading process (LP). Despite the identification of several proteins with permissive and empowering functions, the mechanisms that specify the direction of migration remain largely unknown. Here, we report that planar cell polarity protein Celsr3 orients neuroblasts migration from the subventricular zone (SVZ) t...
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