Food Policy
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Abstract null null Geographical indications (GIs), or signs on products indicating a region of origin, are expected to secure higher incomes and retain the rural population in less favored or remote areas. In this study, we examine the effect of GIs on the maintenance of farming using a case study on Uonuma rice, with region-of-origin labeling, produced only in the Uonuma district of Niigata prefecture in Japan. Although Uonuma rice is not yet an official GI, it qualifies in principle for GI reg...
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Abstract null null Over a decade ago, the Malian government launched a fertilizer subsidy program to expand fertilizer use, boost productivity, and ultimately, improve food and nutrition security. The program specifically targets key crops in the socio-economic development of Mali: rice, cotton, maize, millet, and sorghum. All farmers of target crops are eligible to obtain subsidized fertilizer at a quantity proportional to the number of hectares they expect to plant to those crops. Subsidy rate...
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Abstract null null Women’s empowerment is essential to improve nutrition in low and middle-income countries. We investigated the empowerment of women in agriculture in association with household production and the dietary diversity of children 12–59 months old and their mothers in Timor-Leste. Using the Abbreviated Women’s Empowerment in Agriculture Index (A-WEAI) we analyzed 156 dual-adult rural households applying multivariable regression models. We found that the dietary diversity scores of e...
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#1Clare Narrod (UMD: University of Maryland, College Park)H-Index: 16
#2Xiaoya Dou (UMD: University of Maryland, College Park)
Last. Mark Miller (UMD: University of Maryland, College Park)H-Index: 2
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Abstract null null The U.S. Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA) requires monitoring and evaluating (M&E) of the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) food safety capacity building programs. M&E provides feedback to the agency on the impact of capacity building. This paper evaluates the direct impacts of International Good Agricultural Practices trainings delivered to trainers in Latin American countries from 2013 to 2017 and discusses policy implications. The evaluations consisted of in-class know...
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#1Sharad Tandon (World Bank)H-Index: 5
#2Tara Vishwanath (World Bank)H-Index: 8
Abstract null null The amount of assistance delivered during conflict is increasing to support the growing share of the extreme poor living in these settings. However, little is known about how well assistance is targeted, which can have implications for conflict itself. Using a novel data source in Yemen that tracks food assistance, which accounts for the largest share of assistance in the country, we find that the share of households receiving food assistance significantly increased following ...
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Abstract null null Consuming sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) has been associated with increased rates of obesity and type 2 diabetes, making SSBs an increasingly popular target for taxation. In addition to changing prices, the introduction of an SSB tax may convey information about the health risks of SSBs (a signalling effect). If SSB taxation operates in part by producing a health risk signal, there may be important opportunities to amplify this effect. Our aim was to assess whether there is ...
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#1Gracious Diiro (ICIPE: International Centre of Insect Physiology and Ecology)H-Index: 7
#2Monica Fisher (ICIPE: International Centre of Insect Physiology and Ecology)H-Index: 24
Last. Geoffrey Muricho (ICRISAT: International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics)H-Index: 8
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Abstract null null Considerable research documents why women farmers have lower technology adoption rates than men farmers, but relatively little is known about what happens within a household after technology uptake. This study contributes through an investigation of the intrahousehold distribution of benefits and costs of agricultural technology adoption in western Kenya. Using gender-disaggregated data and an endogenous switching regression approach, we elucidate the causal effects of push pu...
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#1Nikita Sangwan (ISI: Indian Statistical Institute)
#2Shalander Kumar (ICRISAT: International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics)H-Index: 10
Abstract null null This paper investigates the role of women’s labor force participation in the household’s dietary diversity and the value of home-production. Using unique household panel data from Semi-Arid tropics of India, empirical estimations from a household fixed effects model reveal a positive significant effect of workdays of women on dietary diversity (overall and home-produced) and home-production. Our findings highlight a significant heterogeneity in the effect by type of work—paid ...
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#1Mira LehbergerH-Index: 6
#2Sven Grüner (MLU: Martin Luther University of Halle-Wittenberg)H-Index: 3
Abstract We investigate consumers’ willingness to pay for edible and non-edible plants protected by beneficial insects and those protected by pesticides, respectively, as well as the influence of message framing on willingness to pay. We use basil, heather, and orchids as experimental objects in two stated-choice experiments (one lab-in-the-field experiment and one online experiment) conducted in Germany. In both experiments, we find strong evidence that consumers prefer plants protected by bene...
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