Nanoscale Research Letters
Papers 6183
1 page of 619 pages (6,183 results)
#1Mohsin Ali (UVAS: University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences)
#2Muhammad Ijaz (UVAS: University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences)H-Index: 14
Last. Aftab Ahmad Anjum (UVAS: University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences)H-Index: 13
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The development of resistance against antibiotics used to treat bacterial infections along with the prevalence of medication residues presents significant public health problems globally. Antibiotic-resistant germs result in infections that are difficult or impossible to treat. Decreasing antibiotic effectiveness calls for rapid development of alternative antimicrobials. In this respect, nanoparticles (NPs) of copper oxide (CuO) manifest a latent and flexible inorganic nanostructure with notewor...
Due to their excellent mechanical properties and good biocompatibility, titanium alloys have become a popular research topic in the field of medical metal implants. However, the surface of the titanium alloy does not exhibit biological activity, which may cause poor integration between the interface of the titanium implant and the interface of the bone tissue and subsequently may cause the implant to fall off. Therefore, surface biological inertness is one of the problems that titanium alloys mu...
#1Peng Cui (Jiangnan University)
#2Yuan Xue (Jiangnan University)
The sensitive electronic environment at the quantum dot (QD)-dye interface becomes a roadblock to enhancing the energy conversion efficiency of dye-functionalized quantum dots (QDs). Energy alignments and electronic couplings are the critical factors governing the directions and rates of different charge transfer pathways at the interface, which are tunable by changing the specific linkage groups that connect a dye to the QD surface. The variation of specific anchors changes the binding configur...
#1E. A. Dawi (Ajman University of Science and Technology)
#2A. A. Karar (ECU: Edith Cowan University)
Last. Omer Nur (Linköping University)H-Index: 39
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A finite-difference time-domain method is developed for studying the plasmon enhancement of light absorption from vertically aligned GaAs nanowire arrays decorated with Au nanoparticles. Vertically aligned GaAs nanowires with a length of 1 µm, a diameter of 100 nm and a periodicity of 165-500 nm are functionalized with Au nanoparticles with a diameter between 30 and 60 nm decorated in the sidewall of the nanowires. The results show that the metal nanoparticles can improve the absorption efficien...
#1Sina Vakili (Shiraz University of Medical Sciences)H-Index: 7
#2Mohammad Samare-Najaf (Shiraz University of Medical Sciences)H-Index: 2
Last. Ali N. Samareh (KMU: Kerman Medical University)H-Index: 1
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Brucellosis is considered as the most common bacterial zoonosis in the world. Although the laboratory findings are the most reliable diagnosis today, the current laboratory methods have many limitations. This research aimed to design and evaluate the performance of a novel technique based on the localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) to eliminate or reduce existing shortcomings. For this purpose, smooth lipopolysaccharides were extracted from Brucella melitensis and Brucella abortus and fixe...
#1An Xie (Anhui University of Chinese Medicine)
#2He Li (Peking Union Medical College)H-Index: 2
Last. Zhang Yujia (Peking Union Medical College)H-Index: 2
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The biological functions and toxic effects of reactive oxygen species (ROS) are generally entangled. A large amount of ROS may cause oxidative damage to cell biomolecules, leading to cell death. Tumor treatment can be carried out by using the toxicity of ROS, and various nanosystems related to ROS have been designed. In fact, the level of active oxygen in the biological microenvironment can be regulated in advanced therapeutics via designed nanoscale engineering, which can open up a new directio...
#1Xingliang Xu (CAEP: China Academy of Engineering Physics)H-Index: 1
#2Lin Zhang (CAEP: China Academy of Engineering Physics)
Last. Zhang Jian (University of Electronic Science and Technology of China)
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In this paper, the effect of ultraviolet (UV) irradiation on the static characteristics of high voltage 4H-SiC PiN is investigated. No significant change is observed in the forward on state characteristic of 4H-SiC PiN diodes before and after ultraviolet light irradiation. However, it is found that the blocking voltage is significantly increased with UV irradiation, which is resulted from the depletion region width extension with the collection of positive charges under the increase of the surfa...
#1Chao Yan (Xuzhou Medical College)
#2Yue Jin (Xuzhou Medical College)
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Nanoparticles as drug delivery systems can alter the drugs' hydrophilicity to affect drug uptake and efflux in tissues. They prevent drugs from non-specifically binding with bio-macromolecules and enhance drug accumulation at the lesion sites, improving therapy effects and reducing unnecessary side effects. Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs), the typical nanoparticles, a class of crystalline porous materials via self-assembled organic linkers and metal ions, exhibit excellent biodegradability, pore...
#1Ying Du (SEU: Southeast University)H-Index: 2
#2Wang Shujun (SEU: Southeast University)
Last. Shen Yanfei (SEU: Southeast University)
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The application of cells as carriers to encapsulate chemotherapy drugs is of great significance in antitumor therapy. The advantages of reducing systemic toxicity, enhancing targeting and enhancing the penetrability of drugs to tumor cells make it have great potential for clinical application in the future. Many studies and advances have been made in the encapsulation of drugs by using erythrocytes, white blood cells, platelets, immune cells and even tumor cells. The results showed that the anti...
#2Lei Liu (SEU: Southeast University)H-Index: 10
Molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) has moderate hydrogen adsorption free energy, making it an excellent alternative to replace noble metals as hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) catalysts. The thickness of MoS2 can affect its energy band structure and interface engineering, which are the avenue way to adjust HER performance. In this work, MoS2 films with different thicknesses were directly grown on the glassy carbon (GC) substrate by atomic layer deposition (ALD). The thickness of the MoS2 films can be ...
Top fields of study
Analytical chemistry
Materials science
Chemical engineering
Molecular medicine