Pediatric Obesity
Papers 1313
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#1Nupoor Tomar (St. Vincent's Health System)
#2Cecilie Skaarup Uldbjerg (AU: Aarhus University)
Last. Jessica E. Miller (Royal Children's Hospital)H-Index: 4
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BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES Current research suggests an association between antibiotic use in early life and later obesity. Less is known about prenatal antibiotic exposure and foetal growth. We investigated the association between prenatal antibiotic exposure and birth weight. METHODS Data from the Danish National Birth Cohort were linked to the Danish National Medical Birth Registry. Exposure was self-reported antibiotic use in pregnancy. Outcome was registered birth weight. Multivariable linear re...
#1Stéphane Frayon (University of New Caledonia)H-Index: 7
#2Viren Swami (ARU: Anglia Ruskin University)H-Index: 68
Last. Olivier Galy (University of New Caledonia)H-Index: 15
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BACKGROUND Self-esteem has consistently been observed to be relatively low in adolescents with obesity. In the Pacific region, the prevalence of obesity in adolescence is high, but few studies have considered issues of self-esteem in this population. OBJECTIVE To examine associations between weight status, body dissatisfaction and self-esteem in a sample of New Caledonian adolescents and to test for moderation effects of ethnicity on predictors of self-esteem. METHODS Objective anthropometric me...
#1Lauren A. Fowler (UAB: University of Alabama at Birmingham)H-Index: 2
#2Jose R. Fernandez (UAB: University of Alabama at Birmingham)H-Index: 35
Last. Barbara A. Gower (UAB: University of Alabama at Birmingham)H-Index: 68
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BACKGROUND In the United States, the underlying reasons for racial/ethnic disparities in type 2 diabetes risk remain unclear. However, differences in genetic risk for insulin resistance and peripheral adipose tissue distribution may be contributing factors. OBJECTIVE To investigate racial/ethnic differences in associations of genetic risk for insulin resistance with leg fat and insulin sensitivity in a cohort of American children. METHODS Participants were healthy European-American (n = 83), Afr...
#1Jason M. Nagata (UCSF: University of California, San Francisco)H-Index: 23
#2Puja Iyer (UCSF: University of California, San Francisco)H-Index: 1
Last. Kyle T. Ganson (U of T: University of Toronto)H-Index: 6
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OBJECTIVE There is a paucity of prospective research exploring the relationship among contemporary screen time modalities (e.g., video streaming, video chatting, texting and social networking) and body mass index (BMI) percentile. The objective of this study was to determine the prospective associations between screen time behaviours in a large and demographically diverse population-based cohort of 9-10-year-old children and BMI percentile at 1-year follow-up. METHODS We analyzed prospective coh...
#1Valérie Julian (INRA: Institut national de la recherche agronomique)H-Index: 7
#2Grace O'Malley (TU: Temple University)H-Index: 13
Last. David ThivelH-Index: 23
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BACKGROUND Relationships between the severity of obesity and bone health remain underexplored. OBJECTIVES To compare whole-body and localized bone mineral content (BMC) and density (BMD), trabecular bone score (TBS) and hip geometry and strength between adolescents with obesity versus extreme obesity. METHODS This cross-sectional study included 154 adolescents (12-15 years, 62% females) who were classified as having obesity (OG, [95th-99th] percentile) or extreme obesity (EOG, >99th percentile)....
#1Esther M González-Gil (University of Zaragoza)H-Index: 4
#2Luis MorenoH-Index: 35
Last. Monica Hunsberger (University of Gothenburg)H-Index: 16
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BACKGROUND Metabolic risk and inflammatory state have an early life onset and are associated with future diseases. OBJECTIVES To assess the association between metabolic syndrome (MetS) and metabolic health with high-sensitive C-reactive protein (hsCRP), cross-sectionally and longitudinally, in children. METHODS 2913 European children (2-10 years) from eight countries from the IDEFICS study were investigated. Data were collected at baseline and 2 years later (follow-up). A MetS z-score was compu...
#1Jayanne Mayara Magalhães de Melo (UFAL: Federal University of Alagoas)
#2Bruna Larine Lemos Fontes Silva Dourado (UFAL: Federal University of Alagoas)
Last. Jonas Augusto Cardoso da Silveira (UFPR: Federal University of Paraná)
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CONTEXT There is an increasing prevalence of overweight during early childhood in the most impoverished areas in Brazil, although there is a lack of evidence regarding its onset. OBJECTIVES To investigate the incidence and risk factors associated with overweight among low-income children during their first year of life. METHODS We analysed data from a prospective birth cohort study conducted in Brazil, which followed-up children at birth, 3rd, 6th and 12th months (n = 196). The overweight incide...
#1Florian Koutny (Paracelsus Private Medical University of Salzburg)H-Index: 1
#2Robert Stein (Leipzig University)H-Index: 2
Last. Antje Körner (Leipzig University)H-Index: 51
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BACKGROUND There is evidence that nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) increases the risk for dysglycemia in children in cross-sectional studies. However, the extent to which NAFLD may confer the risk for dysglycemia in longitudinal studies remains uncertain. OBJECTIVES We investigated whether elevated levels of alanine aminotransferase (ALT) as a proxy for NAFLD can serve as a predictor for future dysglycemia among children. METHODS We performed survival analysis up to 11 years of follow-up...
#1Tomas Zurita (UCI: University of California, Irvine)H-Index: 1
#2Kelly F. M. Kazmierski (UCI: University of California, Irvine)H-Index: 1
Last. Uma RaoH-Index: 15
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Background null African-American (AA) and Hispanic/Latina (HL) females have higher obesity prevalence than do non-Hispanic Whites (NHW); this may be due to AA and HL consuming more energy-dense foods in response to stressors. null Objectives null This study examined racial/ethnic differences in dietary intake under controlled conditions (relaxation and stress) in a diverse sample of adolescent females. null Methods null Participants included 120 adolescent females (30% AA, 37% HL and 33% NHW) wh...
#1Laurentya Olga (University of Cambridge)H-Index: 3
#2Inge A. L. P. van Beijsterveldt (Erasmus University Medical Center)H-Index: 2
Last. Emanuella De Lucia Rolfe (University of Cambridge)H-Index: 12
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Background null Anthropometry-based equations are commonly used to estimate infant body composition. However, existing equations were designed for newborns or adolescents. We aimed to (a) derive new prediction equations in infancy against air-displacement plethysmography (ADP-PEA Pod) as the criterion, (b) validate the newly developed equations in an independent infant cohort and (c) compare them with published equations (Slaughter-1988, Aris-2013, Catalano-1995). null Methods null Cambridge Bab...
Top fields of study
Physical therapy
Childhood obesity
Body mass index
Diabetes mellitus