Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology
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#1Ayea El-Ghazali (UTSW: University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center)H-Index: 2
#2Sneha Deodhar (UTSW: University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center)H-Index: 1
Last. Anand Rohatgi (UTSW: University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center)H-Index: 27
view all 8 authors...
OBJECTIVE Cholesterol efflux capacity (CEC), the ability of extracellular acceptors to pick-up cholesterol from macrophages, is a clinically relevant cardiovascular biomarker. CEC is inversely associated with incident atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease events. However, CEC is only modestly associated with HDL-C (high-density lipoprotein cholesterol) levels, which may explain the failure of HDL-C raising therapies to improve atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease outcomes. Determinants of var...
#1Martine PaquetteH-Index: 12
#2Sophie Bernard (UdeM: Université de Montréal)H-Index: 16
Last. Alexis Baass (McGill University)H-Index: 17
view all 9 authors...
Objective null Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) is associated with a high risk of premature atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD). However, this risk is highly heterogeneous and current risk prediction algorithms for FH suffer from limitations. The primary objective of this study was to develop a score predicting incident ASCVD events over 10 years in a large multinational FH cohort. The secondary objective was to investigate the prediction of major adverse cardiovascular events and c...
#1Mireille Ouimet (U of O: University of Ottawa)H-Index: 22
#2Robert C. Bauer (Columbia University)H-Index: 16
Last. Cynthia St. Hilaire (University of Pittsburgh)H-Index: 17
view all 3 authors...
The pursuit of knowledge, curiosity about the natural world, and a drive to better the human condition are several of the many motivations that encourage someone to further their education in the biological sciences. However noble the intentions, success in an academic graduate program, and perhaps more importantly, in the career options that follow, is not guaranteed. While it is often said that a trainee needs support from their mentors and network to succeed, the Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis ...
#1Fahim AbbasiH-Index: 60
#2Cindy Lamendola (Stanford University)H-Index: 33
Last. Michael Snyder (Stanford University)H-Index: 177
view all 12 authors...
OBJECTIVE Statin treatment reduces the risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease but is associated with a modest increased risk of type 2 diabetes, especially in those with insulin resistance or prediabetes. Our objective was to determine the physiological mechanism for the increased type 2 diabetes risk. Approach and Results: We conducted an open-label clinical trial of atorvastatin 40 mg daily in adults without known atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease or type 2 diabetes at baseline. T...
Objective null Endothelial cells (ECs) that form the innermost layer of all vessels exhibit heterogeneous cell behaviors and responses to pro-angiogenic signals that are critical for vascular sprouting and angiogenesis. Once vessels form, remodeling and blood flow lead to EC quiescence, and homogeneity in cell behaviors and signaling responses. These changes are important for the function of mature vessels, but whether and at what level ECs regulate overall expression heterogeneity during this t...
#1Liam R. Brunham (UBC: University of British Columbia)H-Index: 34
#2Robert A. Hegele (UWO: University of Western Ontario)H-Index: 112
#1Alan Daugherty (UK: University of Kentucky)H-Index: 85
#2Edward A. Fisher (NYU: New York University)H-Index: 107
Last. Alan M. Fogelman (UCLA: University of California, Los Angeles)H-Index: 106
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#1Srividya Velagapudi (UZH: University of Zurich)H-Index: 5
#2Lucia Rohrer (UZH: University of Zurich)H-Index: 30
Last. Andreas J. Hülsmeier (UZH: University of Zurich)H-Index: 12
view all 19 authors...
Objective: ApoM enriches S1P (sphingosine-1-phosphate) within HDL (high-density lipoproteins) and facilitates the activation of the S1P1 (S1P receptor type 1) by S1P, thereby preserving endothelial...
#1Jing Liu (ZJU: Zhejiang University)
#2Baiba K. Gillard (Cornell University)H-Index: 28
Last. Henry J. Pownall (Cornell University)H-Index: 6
view all 6 authors...
OBJECTIVE Overall and atherosclerosis-associated mortality is elevated in humans with very high HDL (high-density lipoprotein) cholesterol concentrations. Mice with a deficiency of the HDL receptor, Scarb1 (scavenger receptor class B type 1), are a robust model of this phenotype and exhibit several additional pathologies. We hypothesized that the previously reported high plasma concentration of free cholesterol (FC)-rich HDL in Scarb1-/- mice produces a state of high HDL-FC bioavailability that ...
#1Rebekka Schneckmann (HHU: University of Düsseldorf)H-Index: 1
#2Tatsiana Suvorava (HHU: University of Düsseldorf)H-Index: 16
Last. Maria Grandoch (HHU: University of Düsseldorf)H-Index: 19
view all 10 authors...
OBJECTIVE The dominant driver of arteriogenesis is elevated shear stress sensed by the endothelial glycocalyx thereby promoting arterial outward remodeling. Hyaluronan, a critical component of the endothelial glycocalyx, is synthesized by 3 different HAS1, -2, and -3 (hyaluronan synthase isoenzymes) at the plasma membrane. Considering further the importance of HAS3 for smooth muscle cell and immune cell functions we aimed to evaluate its role in collateral artery growth. Approach and Results: Ma...
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