Journal of Anatomy
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#1Edwin Dickinson (NCSU: North Carolina State University)H-Index: 4
#2Marissa L. Boettcher (NCSU: North Carolina State University)H-Index: 3
Last. Adam Hartstone-Rose (NCSU: North Carolina State University)H-Index: 18
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The anatomy of the primate forearm is frequently investigated in terms of locomotor mode, substrate use, and manual dexterity. Such studies typically rely upon broad, interspecific samples for which one or two representative taxa are used to characterize the anatomy of their genus or family. To interpret variation between distantly related taxa, however, it is necessary to contextualize these differences by quantifying variation at lower hierarchical levels, that is, more fine-grained representa...
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#1Cheryl A. Setlock (UM: University of Michigan)H-Index: 1
#2Tea Lulic-Kuryllo (UM: University of Michigan)
Last. David B. Lipps (UM: University of Michigan)H-Index: 11
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The pectoralis major fiber regions contribute uniquely to the mobility and the stability of the shoulder complex. It is unknown how age and sex influence the stiffness of these regions during volitional contractions, but this knowledge is critical to inform clinical interventions targeting the pectoralis major. The aim of the present study was to determine if the activation-dependent stiffness of the pectoralis major fiber regions differs between the sexes and if it is altered with age. Ultrasou...
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#1Tijn Jan Pieter Spoormakers (UU: Utrecht University)
#2Stefanie Veraa (UU: Utrecht University)H-Index: 7
Last. Harold Brommer (UU: Utrecht University)H-Index: 16
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The importance of the equine thoracolumbar vertebral column in orthopaedic disorders is well recognized and diagnostic imaging becomes more feasible, but little is known about variations in the anatomical configuration within breeds. In this descriptive post-mortem study, anatomical variations in three widely differing breeds: Warmblood horses, Shetland ponies and semi-feral Konik horses are described. The caudal cervical (C), thoracic (T), lumbar (L) and sacral (S) regions of the vertebral colu...
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#1Adrian Gardner (Royal Orthopaedic Hospital)H-Index: 7
#2Fiona Berryman (Royal Orthopaedic Hospital)H-Index: 11
Last. Paul Pynsent (University of Birmingham)H-Index: 32
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The surgical strategy in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) aims to recreate the symmetry of the torso. This requires the minimisation of both the size of the scoliosis and the angulation between the sides of the torso, along with the recreation of a normal thoracic kyphosis. This study uses predictive modelling to identify the significance of the value of the pre-operative parameters, and the change in the magnitude of the parameters as a result of an operation on the shape of the torso usin...
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#1Jerzy Kaleczyc (University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn)H-Index: 18
#2Waldemar Sienkiewicz (University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn)H-Index: 11
Last. Z. Pidsudko (University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn)H-Index: 10
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The present study investigated the influence of castration performed at neonatal age on neuronal elements in the intramural ganglia of the urinary bladder trigone (UBT) in male pigs using double-labeling immunohistochemistry. The ganglia were examined in intact (IP) 7-day-old (castration day) pigs, and at 3 and 6 months after surgery. In IP and control (3- and 6-month-old noncastrated pigs) groups, virtually, all neurons were adrenergic (68%) or cholinergic (32%) in nature. Many of them (32%, 51...
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#1Emma E. Bird (UKC: University of Kent)
#2Tracy L. Kivell (UKC: University of Kent)H-Index: 22
Last. Matthew M. Skinner (UKC: University of Kent)H-Index: 30
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Morphological variation in the hominoid capitate has been linked to differences in habitual locomotor activity due to its importance in movement and load transfer at the midcarpal joint proximally and carpometacarpal joints distally. Although the shape of bones and their articulations are linked to joint mobility, the internal structure of bones has been shown experimentally to reflect, at least in part, the loading direction and magnitude experienced by the bone. To date, it is uncertain whethe...
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#1Roger W. P. Kissane (University of Leeds)H-Index: 5
#2Ghaffari-Rafi A (UCL Institute of Neurology)
Last. Calvin C. Smith (UCL Institute of Neurology)H-Index: 3
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Mammalian motor systems adapt to the demands of their environment. For example, muscle fibre types change in response to increased load or endurance demands. However, for adaptations to be effective, motoneurons must adapt such that their properties match those of the innervated muscle fibres. We used a rat model of chronic functional overload to assess adaptations to both motoneuron size and a key modulatory synapse responsible for amplification of motor output, C-boutons. Overload of extensor ...
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#1Elsa González-Cubero (University of León)
#2Maria Luisa González-Fernández (University of León)H-Index: 4
Last. Vega Villar-Suárez (University of León)H-Index: 6
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Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are the subject of intense research as they are a potential therapeutic tool for several clinical applications. The new MSCs action models are focused on the use of MSC-derived secretome which contains several growth factors, cytokines, microRNAs, and extracellular vesicles such as exosomes. Exosomes have recently emerged as a component with great potential involved as mediators in cellular communication. The isolation and identification of exosomes has made it poss...
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#1Austin M. Garner (University of Akron)H-Index: 4
#2Michael C. Wilson (University of Akron)H-Index: 2
Last. Ali Dhinojwala (University of Akron)H-Index: 33
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1 CitationsSource
#1Charlotte Kulow (Leipzig University)H-Index: 1
#2Andreas ReskeH-Index: 1
Last. Hanno Steinke (Leipzig University)H-Index: 19
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The femoral nerve stretch test is an essential part of clinical neurological examinations. This test is performed alongside Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) to determine if there is any evidence of nerve root irritation, usually as a consequence of disc prolapse. The test occasionally gives false positive results. Why such false positives can occur, is subject to continued research, however, no obvious reason has yet emerged. We hypothesize that connectives of the femoral nerve may explain such ...
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