Jos Journal of Medicine
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The term Metabolic Syndrome refers to the aggregation of a number of cardiovascular related risk factors; obesity (usually central), hypertension, dyslipidaemia, glucose intolerance, prothrombotic state and inflammation. The Metabolic syndrome is a predictor of type 2 diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular disease. It is associated with a 7-fold increase in the incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus and a relative risk of 1.54 for cardiovascular events and death after adjustment of traditional risk...
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Background: Adolescent substance use is a growing epidemic that is placing heavy burdens on individuals, families and communities hence the stimulus for this study. Aim/Objectives: To determine the prevalence and pattern of substance use among secondary school adolescents in Gwagwalada Area Council, Abuja, Nigeria. Methods: A questionnaire-based, cross-sectional, descriptive study done over a three-month period among secondary school adolescents aged 10 to 18 years old after obtaining appropriat...
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Background: Yellow Fever and Lassa Fever are both zoonotic diseases (Mosquito borne flavirus and Rodent borne arenavirus, respectively) and classified as viral haemorrhagic fevers (VHF) because of their common clinical presentations – especially fevers and bleeding during the terminal stages of the diseases. After an incubation period of 3 – 6 days in Yellow fever, and 2 – 21 days in Lassa fever: they present with fevers, rigors, headache, myalgia, nausea, and vomiting. Jaundice is noticed in Ye...
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#2AV RamyilH-Index: 2
Last. Caleb MpyetH-Index: 11
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Aim: To determine the magnitude and the types of traditional eye treatments among new patients attending COCIN Rehabilitation centre, Mangu, Plateau State, Nigeria. Materials and Methods: This was a cross-sectional, facility-based study conducted between July 2013 and June 2014 on new patients seen in the eye unit of Church of Christ in the Nations (COCIN) Rehabilitation Centre, Mangu. Data was collected on all new patients attending the outpatient eye unit of the hospital using a structured ope...
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Background: Keeping to scheduled clinic appointment by HIV-infected patients is reported to be a predictor of their long term clinical progress. Missed appointments also disrupt healthcare services and cause misspent scarce administrative and medical resources. Continuous engagement and support is recommended for HIVinfected persons to prevent loss to follow up Aim/Objective: This study aims to determine the proportion of adolescents that are adherent to their scheduled clinic appointments and i...
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Pulmonary tuberculosis is a chronicgranulomatous disease that affects the lung parenchyma and prevalent in developing countries. Empyema thoracis, otherwise known as pus in the pleural cavity, has become an associated, though uncommon, complication with the emergence of Human Immune-deficiency Virus (HIV). We present a case of Pulmonary Tuberculosis (PTB) investigated radiologically and found to be complicated by extensive left pleural calcifications and empyema thoracis that was drained under u...
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Background: Malaria is responsible for 25 % of infant mortality and 30 % of under-5 mortality globally.In Nigeria, it is a huge public health problem with an estimated 300,000 children dying of the disease each year which represents one in every four deaths in childhood. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of malaria in under-fives and the risk factors responsible for malaria in Gindiri, a rural community in the North-central part of Nigeria. Methods: A cross-sectional descript...
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This was a case report of a village chief who had foreign body in the eye while performing obligatory cultural activities. It highlights the need for patient centredness and attention to patient's cultural background in order to achieve optimum cooperation and satisfaction in outcomes.
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Klippel-Feil syndrome (KFS) is a segmentation and cleavage malformation of the cervical spine in the early weeks of foetal development. This is considered as a sporadic genetic abnormality, and is accompanied by multisystem disorders such as a short neck, cardiac disease, renal ectopia and other associated genitourinary syndromes. In this case report, we present the clinical and radiological findings of a 14-year old school boy who was referred to us from a private hospital for abdominopelvic ul...
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Background: Yellow Fever and Lassa Fever are both zoonotic diseases (Mosquito borne flavirus and Rodent borne arenavirus, respectively) and classified as viral haemorrhagic fevers (VHF) because of their common clinical presentations – especially fevers and bleeding during the terminal stages of the diseases. After an incubation period of 3 – 6 days in Yellow fever, and 2 – 21 days in Lassa fever: they present with fevers, rigors, headache, myalgia, nausea, and vomiting. Jaundice is noticed in Ye...
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