Current opinion in psychology
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#1Cindel White (UBC: University of British Columbia)H-Index: 1
#2Adam Baimel (Oxford Brookes University)H-Index: 6
Last. Ara Norenzayan (UBC: University of British Columbia)H-Index: 52
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What explains the ubiquity and diversity of religions around the world? Widespread cognitive tendencies, including mentalizing and intuitive thinking, offer part of the explanation for recurrent features of religion, and individual differences in religious commitments. However, vast diversity in religious beliefs points to the importance of the cultural context in which religious beliefs are transmitted. Cultural evolutionary theory provides the basis of a unified explanation for how cognition a...
2 CitationsSource
#1Wade C. Rowatt (Baylor University)H-Index: 25
#2Rosemary L Al-Kire (Baylor University)H-Index: 2
In this article we review the most recent empirical research about the psychology of religion and intergroup prejudices based on race/ethnicity or religious identification. We highlight how social identity fusion, intergroup emotions, perceived value-conflict and threat, and system-justification contribute to degrees of prejudice. We also review connections between religiosity and attitudes toward specific cultural groups (e.g., immigrants, atheists, and religious minority groups). Finally, we c...
1 CitationsSource
Multi-national and meta-analytic studies suggest that the pathways between religiousness and sexism/sexual prejudice are partially mediated by sociopersonality factors such as conservatism. In this article, we describe the contributing factors to this relationship, such as authoritarianism and fundamentalism. These factors interact at the dynamic nexus of individual and social development. As such, religiously situated sexism and sexual prejudice are not viewed as inevitable outcomes to religiou...
1 CitationsSource
#1Adam B. Cohen (ASU: Arizona State University)H-Index: 51
Religions' food practices can illustrate a lot about religions, and can raise new research questions. I will give examples of ways in which religious food practices are reflections of broader religious ideals. Foods contain essences and are religiously symbolic; foods are a window into how people understand the necessity to obey God; food practices relate to health outcomes; and food practices reflect and inculcate social structures and worldviews. The article will go on to consider some broader...
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#1Vassilis Saroglou (UCL: Université catholique de Louvain)H-Index: 35
#2Marie Craninx (UCL: Université catholique de Louvain)
Does religion enhance an 'extended' morality? We review research on religiousness and Schwartz's values, Haidt's moral foundations (through a meta-analysis of 45 studies), and deontology versus consequentialism (a review of 27 studies). Instead of equally encompassing prosocial (care for others) and other values (duties to the self, the community, and the sacred), religiosity implies a restrictive morality: endorsement of values denoting social order (conservation, loyalty, and authority), self-...
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#1Jordan W. Moon (ASU: Arizona State University)H-Index: 4
Many religions emphasize the importance of sexual morality. This article argues mating strategies are central to understanding religion. I highlight the reproductive-religiosity model, which suggests that religious behavior is partly motivated by preferences for restricted mating strategies. I then discuss how religion can lead to reproductive benefits. Specifically, religions can make parenting a relatively safer strategy by increasing paternal certainty, which drives men toward parental invest...
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#1Jo-Ann Tsang (Baylor University)H-Index: 27
#2Rosemary L Al-Kire (Baylor University)H-Index: 2
Last. Juliette L. Ratchford (Baylor University)H-Index: 1
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Although self-reports suggest that religious individuals consider themselves universally prosocial, behavioral measures suggest a more limited prosociality and priming studies suggest a small causal relationship. Recent research has uncovered new moderators, with religiousness being more strongly related to prosociality under self-image threat, and when faced with a needier recipient. One major moderator remains the identity of the recipient: religious prosociality often favors religious ingroup...
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#1Constantine Sedikides (University of Southampton)H-Index: 110
#2Jochen E. Gebauer (UCPH: University of Copenhagen)H-Index: 25
We ask if and when religious individuals self-enhance more than non-believers. First, religious individuals self-enhance on domains central to their self-concept. Specifically, they exhibit the Better-Than-Average Effect: They rate themselves as superior on attributes painting them as good Christians (e.g. traits like 'loving' or 'forgiving,' Biblical commandments) than on control attributes. Likewise, they exhibit the Overclaiming Effect: They assert superior, but false, knowledge on domains hi...
3 CitationsSource
#1Allon Vishkin (The New School)H-Index: 1
#1Allon Vishkin (The New School)H-Index: 5
Emotions play a central role in the religious experience. This suggests that religious institutions, practices, and beliefs may actively shape the emotions of adherents, such as by influencing how they regulate emotions. An emerging literature has documented the various links between religion and emotion regulation. This article reviews these links with regards to various elements of emotion regulation, including beliefs about the controllability of emotions, desired emotions, emotion regulation...
2 CitationsSource
This review summarises research on the relationship between death anxiety and religiosity. The fear of death is commonly hypothesized as a motivation for religious belief. From a Terror Management Theory perspective, religious beliefs are especially attractive because they offer both literal and symbolic immortality in the form of afterlife beliefs and belonging in venerable systems of value respectively. However, the evidence for any relationship - whether correlational or causal - between deat...
1 CitationsSource
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