Current opinion in psychology
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#1Donald J. Robinaugh (Harvard University)H-Index: 19
#2Emma R. Toner (UVA: University of Virginia)H-Index: 1
Last. A. A. A. Manik J. Djelantik (University Medical Center Utrecht)
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Abstract null null The network theory of prolonged grief posits that causal interactions among symptoms of prolonged grief play a significant role in their coherence and persistence as a syndrome. Drawing on recent developments in the broader network approach to psychopathology, we argue that advancing our understanding of the causal system that gives rise to prolonged grief will require that we: (a) strengthen our assessment of each component of the grief syndrome, (b) investigate intra-individ...
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#1Lydia Woodyatt (Flinders University)H-Index: 10
#2Michael Wenzel (Flinders University)H-Index: 45
Last. Michael Thai (UQ: University of Queensland)H-Index: 7
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Following interpersonal transgressions, both victims and offenders can experience psychological loss owing to threatened needs for agency and moral-social identity. Moral repair is the process by which these losses are restored. Rather than involving only intraindividual static processes, research is starting to recognize that moral repair is dyadic, reciprocal, and interactionist. It involves the victim and offender coengaging with one another, reciprocally responding to the other's psychologic...
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#1Oriane Georgeac (Yale University)H-Index: 4
#2Aneeta Rattan (LBS: London Business School)H-Index: 14
How do people evaluate how much social progress has been achieved, and how do these perceptions influence intergroup attitudes? We present a model summarizing the signals and sense-making that arise when people think about progress. We review the signals that shape progress perceptions when people observe individual exemplars of success from, or substantive advances for, negatively stereotyped groups. We also identify three types of stereotype-relevant cognitive schemas that can be disrupted, or...
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#1Patti M. Valkenburg (UvA: University of Amsterdam)H-Index: 81
#2Adrian Meier (FAU: University of Erlangen-Nuremberg)H-Index: 8
Last. Ine Beyens (UvA: University of Amsterdam)H-Index: 11
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Abstract null null Literature reviews on how social media use affects adolescent mental health have accumulated at an unprecedented rate of late. Yet, a higher-level integration of the evidence is still lacking. We fill this gap with an up-to-date umbrella review, a review of reviews published between 2019 and mid-2021. Our search yielded 25 reviews: seven meta-analyses, nine systematic, and nine narrative reviews. Results showed that most reviews interpreted the associations between social medi...
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#1Jörg Gross (LEI: Leiden University)H-Index: 9
#2Alexander Vostroknutov (UM: Maastricht University)H-Index: 11
Abstract null null Norms prescribe how to make decisions in social situations and play a crucial role in sustaining cooperative relationships and coordinating collective action. However, following norms often requires to restrict behavior, demanding to curtail selfishness or to suppress personal goals. This raises the question why people adhere to norms. We review recent theories and empirical findings that aim at explaining why people follow norms even in private, when violations are difficult ...
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Abstract null null Impression management is a fundamental aspect of social life. From self-promotion to feedback giving, from advice-seeking to networking, people frequently find themselves in situations where they need to make a positive impression on others. Despite the long-term benefits of making a favorable impression, impression-management attempts can backfire in unintended ways. In this article, I review recent research on self-presentation, social cognition, and communication to explain...
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#1Francesca Righetti (VU: VU University Amsterdam)H-Index: 15
#2Mariko L. Visserman (U of T: University of Toronto)H-Index: 8
Last. Emily A. Impett (U of T: University of Toronto)H-Index: 42
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Abstract null null While previous research has found that prosocial behavior increases personal and relationship well-being, a particularly costly type of prosocial behavior—sacrifice—can sometimes have aversive effects and is the focus of the current review. We consider effects for both the individual who enacts the sacrifice and the recipient. Sacrifice can take a toll on the giver’s well-being, is a mixed blessing for the recipient (when they perceive the sacrifice), and may have some harmful...
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#1Luke Glowacki (BU: Boston University)
#2Sheina Lew-Levy (MPG: Max Planck Society)
Abstract null null For most of our species’ history, humans have lived in relatively small, decentralized, subsistence communities, often called small-scale societies. While these groups lack centralized institutions, they can and often do maintain large-scale cooperation. Here, we argue that several mechanisms promote cooperation in small-scale societies, including (1) the development of social norms that encourage prosocial behavior, (2) reciprocal exchange relationships, (3) reputation that f...
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#1Shelly L. Gable (UCSB: University of California, Santa Barbara)H-Index: 49
#2Alisa Bedrov (UCSB: University of California, Santa Barbara)
People who are socially isolated or lonely report having lower levels of social support. Supportive social networks help buffer individuals against the deleterious effects of negative events and stressors. Supportive social networks also help individuals maximize the benefits of positive events and accomplishments. In short, those who are socially isolated suffer more when bad things happen and gain less when good things happen than those who are more socially connected.
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#1Deirdre E. Moran (UCD: University College Dublin)H-Index: 4
#2Laura K. Taylor ('QUB': Queen's University Belfast)H-Index: 17
Abstract null null Over 420 million children live amid political conflict. In such settings, understanding the development of prosocial behaviours, specifically directed at outgroups, can provide opportunities for peacebuilding. Informed by research on intergroup competition and structural inequality, we focus on outgroup prosocial behaviour targeting conflict rivals. Already from a young age, children are politically socialised and show intergroup biases that dampen helping behaviours toward co...
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