Respiratory medicine case reports
Papers 1407
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Abstract A 63-year-old female was admitted to our hospital with history of persistent dyspnea. Right pleural effusion and ovarian tumor were discovered, but here were no significant findings on thoracoscopy under local anesthesia. The pleural effusion was suspected to be secondary to Meigs' syndrome, and a diagnosis of endometriotic ovarian cyst was made. Since the pleural effusion resolved after surgery, the patient was diagnosed with incomplete pseudo-Meigs' syndrome. We consider this to be a ...
#1Paul Zarogoulidis (AHEPA University Hospital)H-Index: 1
Last. Chrisanthi Sardeli (A.U.Th.: Aristotle University of Thessaloniki)H-Index: 1
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Abstract A fifty year old male was diagnosed with bronchial HPV. He was treated with local interventional treatment argon plasma coagulation and subcutaneous injections bevacizumab. Spraying of the regions followed with a specially designed catheter with interferon-α (2b). Systematic treatment of esomeprazole was also administered. After six months the patient is disease free and on close follow-up.
#1Kohei FujitaH-Index: 14
#2Megumi Naka (Takeda Pharmaceutical Company)H-Index: 1
Last. Tadashi MioH-Index: 24
view all 7 authors...
Abstract Lung cancer patients harbouring driver oncogene alterations are markedly responsive to molecular target agents, such as epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI), and echinoderm microtubule-associated protein like 4 – anaplastic lymphoma kinase (EML4-ALK)-TKI. We encountered an exceptionally rare case, harbouring both EGFR mutation and EML4-ALK fusion gene, and suffering from severe disseminated intravascular coagulation. In this case report, we present tw...
#1David Silva (NOVA: Universidade Nova de Lisboa)H-Index: 1
#2Carolina Duarte Ferreira Dantas (NOVA: Universidade Nova de Lisboa)
Last. José Fragata (NOVA: Universidade Nova de Lisboa)H-Index: 16
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Abstract A significant dysfunction of another organ is usually considered an absolute contraindication for lung transplant, unless multi-organ transplantation is indicated and practicable, as is the case of combined lung-kidney transplantation. Few cases of combined lung-kidney transplant have been described in literature, however it is known that in certain cases it is the only way to offer an opportunity to selected patients with renal and lung dysfunction. The authors are not aware of any pre...
#1Alexander Vartanov (UConn: University of Connecticut)
#2Aditi Kalotra (UConn: University of Connecticut)
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Abstract The role for PD-1/PD-L1 and CTLA-4 targeted immunotherapy is well outlined in the treatment of metastatic NSCLC. Increased survival benefit supports the use of these medications and the development of next-generation agents with improved efficacy and favorable side-effect profiles. The prevalence of immunotherapy-associated cardiotoxicity (IAC) has grown significantly over the past two years as awareness of this toxicity class has emerged. High-grade conduction disorders comprise a subs...
#1Saripalli K. Reddy (CGH: Changi General Hospital)H-Index: 1
#1Kundan R. Saripalli (CGH: Changi General Hospital)
Last. Anthony Yii (CGH: Changi General Hospital)H-Index: 8
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ABSTRACT Lipoid pneumonia is an entity that is not commonly thought of when faced with opacities on the chest radiograph. The radiological changes of lipoid pneumonia can mimic pneumonia or malignancy. Due to this mimicry, it is commonly missed and alternative diagnosis should always be considered and ruled out when suspecting lipoid pneumonia. Although majority of lipoid pneumonias occur due to exogenous ingestion of oil, endogenous factors such as bronchial obstruction and pulmonary alveolar p...
#1Fadi Aldaghlawi (IU: Indiana University)H-Index: 1
#2Urs von Holzen (IU: Indiana University)H-Index: 10
Last. Walid Hadid (IU: Indiana University)
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ABSTRACT We report a rare case of a 70-year-old male with recurrent pneumothoraces within one year treated with intermittent insertion of chest tube on each occasion. Diagnostic testing was notable for a cystic lesion in the left lung that was initially interpreted as bulla on chest x-ray and chest computed tomographic scan. Due to thickening and nodularity changes of the thin wall of the cystic lesion, the patient underwent left upper lobectomy. Pathology showed poorly differentiated squamous c...
#1Hayato Taniguchi (Yokohama City University Medical Center)H-Index: 2
#2Souichi Ohta (Yokohama City University Medical Center)
Last. Ichiro Takeuchi (Yokohama City University Medical Center)H-Index: 16
view all 7 authors...
Abstract Computed tomography (CT) is the most reliable method to evaluate the progression of COVID-19 pneumonitis. However, in a pandemic, transportation of critically ill invasively ventilated patients to radiology facilities is challenging, especially for those on extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). Notably, lung ultrasound (LUS) is a favored alternative imaging modality due to its ease of use at the point of care, which reduces the infectious risk of exposure and transmission; repeata...
#1Kelsey Kaman (Yale University)H-Index: 1
#2Veronica Azmy (Yale University)H-Index: 2
Last. Christina Price (Yale University)H-Index: 8
view all 5 authors...
It has been postulated that the underlying pathophysiology of COVID-19 is mediated by cytokine storm resulting in a hyperinflammatory state. A similar kind of cytokine-storm has been described in individuals undergoing veno-venous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VV ECMO) support. There is therefore concern that initiation of VV ECMO support among COVID19 patients could further exacerbate this dysregulated inflammatory response. In this prospective cohort study, we describe the clinical cour...
#1Osamu KanaiH-Index: 8
#2Kohei FujitaH-Index: 14
Last. Tadashi MioH-Index: 24
view all 5 authors...
Abstract Pyopneumothorax is characterized by a pleural collection of pus and air requiring emergent thoracic drainage. A 65-year-old diabetic woman presented with a two-week history of fatigue and dyspnea but without fever. Chest computed tomography showed extensive pleural effusion and air in the left pleural cavity, which caused a mediastinal shift with peripheral circulatory failure. There was no evidence of a pulmonary fistula. Anaerobic bacteria were found in the pus smear after microscopy....
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