arXiv: Computers and Society
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#1Navod Neranjan Thilakarathne (UoC: University of Colombo)H-Index: 6
#2Mohan Krishna Kagita (CSU: Charles Sturt University)H-Index: 4
Last. W.D Madhuka Priyashan (University of Ruhuna)H-Index: 1
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The Internet of Things (IoT) is seen as a novel technical paradigm aimed at enabling connectivity between billions of interconnected devices all around the world. This IoT is being served in various domains, such as smart healthcare, traffic surveillance, smart homes, smart cities, and various industries. IoT's main functionality includes sensing the surrounding environment, collecting data from the surrounding, and transmitting those data to the remote data centers or the cloud. This sharing of...
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#1Huansheng NingH-Index: 31
#2Hang WangH-Index: 1
Last. Mahmoud DaneshmandH-Index: 20
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Metaverse is a new type of Internet application and social form that integrates a variety of new technologies. It has the characteristics of multi-technology, sociality, and hyper spatiotemporality. This paper introduces the development status of Metaverse, from the five perspectives of network infrastructure, management technology, basic common technology, virtual reality object connection, and virtual reality convergence, it introduces the technical framework of Metaverse. This paper also intr...
Algorithmic and statistical approaches to congressional redistricting are becoming increasingly valuable tools in courts and redistricting commissions for quantifying gerrymandering in the United States. While there is existing literature covering how various Markov chain Monte Carlo distributions differ in terms of projected electoral outcomes and geometric quantifiers of compactness, there is still work to be done on measuring similarities between different congressional redistricting plans. T...
#1Bilal YousufH-Index: 7
Last. Jane Suiter (DCU: Dublin City University)H-Index: 14
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The threat posed by misinformation and disinformation is one of the defining challenges of the 21st century. Provenance is designed to help combat this threat by warning users when the content they are looking at may be misinformation or disinformation. It is also designed to improve media literacy among its users and ultimately reduce susceptibility to the threat among vulnerable groups within society. The Provenance browser plugin checks the content that users see on the Internet and social me...
The Agent Based Model community has a rich and diverse ecosystem of libraries, platforms, and applications to help modelers develop rigorous simulations. Despite this robust and diverse ecosystem, the complexity of life from microbial communities to the global ecosystem still presents substantial challenges in making reusable code that can optimize the ability of the knowledge-sharing and reproducibility. This research seeks to provide new tools to mitigate some of these challenges by offering a...
As \emph{artificial intelligence} (AI) systems are increasingly involved in decisions affecting our lives, ensuring that automated decision-making is fair and ethical has become a top priority. Intuitively, we feel that akin to human decisions, judgments of artificial agents should necessarily be grounded in some moral principles. Yet a decision-maker (whether human or artificial) can only make truly ethical (based on any ethical theory) and fair (according to any notion of fairness) decisions i...
Generative Artificial Intelligence (AI) models are a compelling way to introduce K-12 students to AI education using an artistic medium, and hence have drawn attention from K-12 AI educators. Previous Creative AI curricula mainly focus on Generative Adversarial Networks (GANs) while paying less attention to Autoregressive Models, Variational Autoencoders (VAEs), or other generative models, which have since become common in the field of generative AI. VAEs' latent-space structure and interpolatio...
#1Lin ChenH-Index: 1
#2Fengli XuH-Index: 15
Last. Yong LiH-Index: 56
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Balancing social utility and equity in distributing limited vaccines represents a critical policy concern for protecting against the prolonged COVID-19 pandemic. What is the nature of the trade-off between maximizing collective welfare and minimizing disparities between more and less privileged communities? To evaluate vaccination strategies, we propose a novel epidemic model that explicitly accounts for both demographic and mobility differences among communities and their association with heter...
#1Zhaozhuo XuH-Index: 7
#2Alan JiH-Index: 1
Last. Anshumali ShrivastavaH-Index: 20
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The accuracy and completeness of population estimation would significantly impact the allocation of public resources. However, the current census paradigm experiences a non-negligible level of under-counting. Existing solutions to this problem by the Census Bureau is to increase canvassing efforts, which leads to expensive and inefficient usage of human resources. In this work, we argue that the existence of hidden multi-family households is a significant cause of under-counting. Accordingly, we...
Collaborative learning environments such as programming labs are crucial for learning experiential hands-on skills such as critical thinking and problem solving, and peer discussion. In a traditional laboratory setting, many of these skills can be practiced through natural interaction (verbal, facial) and physical co-location. However, during and after a global pandemic, these learning practices cannot be exercised safely in in-person settings any longer and thus need to be re-imagined for a rem...
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