Nature Neuroscience
Papers 6,376
1 page of 638 pages (6,376 results)
#1Giuliana Pellegrino (UDL: University of Lille)H-Index: 1
#2Marion Martin (UDL: University of Lille)
Last. Vincent Prevot (UDL: University of Lille)H-Index: 60
view all 22 authors...
Neurons that produce gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH), which control fertility, complete their nose-to-brain migration by birth. However, their function depends on integration within a complex neuroglial network during postnatal development. Here, we show that rodent GnRH neurons use a prostaglandin D2 receptor DP1 signaling mechanism during infancy to recruit newborn astrocytes that ‘escort’ them into adulthood, and that the impairment of postnatal hypothalamic gliogenesis markedly alters ...
#1Yun-Feng Zhang (University of Pennsylvania)H-Index: 1
#2Luigim Vargas Cifuentes (University of Pennsylvania)H-Index: 2
Last. Minghong Ma (University of Pennsylvania)H-Index: 27
view all 21 authors...
The striatum comprises multiple subdivisions and neural circuits that differentially control motor output. The islands of Calleja (IC) contain clusters of densely packed granule cells situated in the ventral striatum, predominantly in the olfactory tubercle (OT). Characterized by expression of the D3 dopamine receptor, the IC are evolutionally conserved, but have undefined functions. Here, we show that optogenetic activation of OT D3 neurons robustly initiates self-grooming in mice while suppres...
#1Hojae Lee (Johns Hopkins Medicine)H-Index: 6
#2Jae Jin Lee (USC: University of Southern California)H-Index: 11
Last. Gabsang LeeH-Index: 32
view all 21 authors...
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a devastating disorder in which motor neurons degenerate, the causes of which remain unclear. In particular, the basis for selective vulnerability of spinal motor neurons (sMNs) and resistance of ocular motor neurons to degeneration in ALS has yet to be elucidated. Here, we applied comparative multi-omics analysis of human induced pluripotent stem cell-derived sMNs and ocular motor neurons to identify shared metabolic perturbations in inherited and sporadic...
#1Kuan Zhang (Army Medical University)H-Index: 7
#2Rita Förster (Protein Sciences)
Last. Xiaowei Chen (TUM: Technical University of Munich)H-Index: 27
view all 24 authors...
Memory persistence is a fundamental cognitive process for guiding behaviors and is considered to rely mostly on neuronal and synaptic plasticity. Whether and how astrocytes contribute to memory persistence is largely unknown. Here, by using two-photon Ca2+ imaging in head-fixed mice and fiber photometry in freely moving mice, we show that aversive sensory stimulation activates α7-nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) in a subpopulation of astrocytes in the auditory cortex. We demonstrate th...
#1Jessica A. Turner (GSU: Georgia State University)H-Index: 71
#2Matthew D. Turner (GSU: Georgia State University)H-Index: 5
Describing cognitive processes without reference to their neural underpinnings has led to conceptualizations that do not match how the brain functions. A data-driven re-examination of the neuroimaging literature reveals an alternate conceptual framework combining mind and brain that disrupts current neuroscientific thought.
#1Gregory Born (LMU: Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München)H-Index: 3
#2Felix A. Schneider-Soupiadis (LMU: Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München)
Last. Laura Busse (LMU: Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München)H-Index: 22
view all 9 authors...
En route from the retina to the cortex, visual information passes through the dorsolateral geniculate nucleus (dLGN) of the thalamus, where extensive corticothalamic (CT) feedback has been suggested to modulate spatial processing. How this modulation arises from direct excitatory and indirect inhibitory CT feedback pathways remains enigmatic. Here, we show that in awake mice, retinotopically organized cortical feedback sharpens receptive fields (RFs) and increases surround suppression in the dLG...
#1Elizabeth Beam (SU: Stanford University)H-Index: 2
#2Christopher Potts (SU: Stanford University)H-Index: 44
Last. Amit Etkin (SU: Stanford University)H-Index: 53
view all 4 authors...
Functional neuroimaging has been a mainstay of human neuroscience for the past 25 years. Interpretation of functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) data has often occurred within knowledge frameworks crafted by experts, which have the potential to amplify biases that limit the replicability of findings. Here, we use a computational approach to derive a data-driven framework for neurobiological domains that synthesizes the texts and data of nearly 20,000 human neuroimaging articles. Across mu...
#1Markus Frey (NTNU: Norwegian University of Science and Technology)H-Index: 6
#2Matthias Nau (MPG: Max Planck Society)H-Index: 7
Last. Christian F. Doeller (MPG: Max Planck Society)H-Index: 37
view all 3 authors...
Viewing behavior provides a window into many central aspects of human cognition and health, and it is an important variable of interest or confound in many functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) studies. To make eye tracking freely and widely available for MRI research, we developed DeepMReye, a convolutional neural network (CNN) that decodes gaze position from the magnetic resonance signal of the eyeballs. It performs cameraless eye tracking at subimaging temporal resolution in held-out p...
#1Ian Krajbich (OSU: The Ohio State University)H-Index: 21
Using a deep neural network, Frey et al. are able to track participants’ eye movements using functional magnetic resonance imaging of the eyes. This technique can be applied across studies to new and old data alike, allowing retrospective analyses of past studies.
#1Lewis A. Wheaton (GT: Georgia Institute of Technology)H-Index: 1
The death of George Floyd in 2020 sparked intense emotion, and increased recognition of the need to take active measures in matters of race within science and academia. This piece considers the field’s immediate actions with regard to Black representation at neuroscience conferences, and whether we are rising to the occasion in an area under our control.
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