Journal of Experimental Medicine
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#1Fahd Al Qureshah (KACST: King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology)H-Index: 2
#2Sara Sagadiev (Seattle Children's Research Institute)
Last. David J. Rawlings (UW: University of Washington)H-Index: 73
view all 9 authors...
While phosphatidylinositide 3-kinase delta (PI3Kδ) plays a critical role in humoral immunity, the requirement for PI3Kδ signaling in plasma cells remains poorly understood. Here, we used a conditional mouse model of activated PI3Kδ syndrome (APDS), to interrogate the function of PI3Kδ in plasma cell biology. Mice expressing a PIK3CD gain-of-function mutation (aPIK3CD) in B cells generated increased numbers of memory B cells and mounted an enhanced secondary response but exhibited a rapid decay o...
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#1Annika Hausmann (ETH Zurich)H-Index: 8
#2Boas Felmy (ETH Zurich)H-Index: 7
Last. Yang Zhang (ETH Zurich)H-Index: 4
view all 27 authors...
Intestinal epithelial cell (IEC) NF-κB signaling regulates the balance between mucosal homeostasis and inflammation. It is not fully understood which signals tune this balance and how bacterial exposure elicits the process. Pure LPS induces epithelial NF-κB activation in vivo. However, we found that in mice, IECs do not respond directly to LPS. Instead, tissue-resident lamina propria intercrypt macrophages sense LPS via TLR4 and rapidly secrete TNF to elicit epithelial NF-κB signaling in their i...
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#1Claire Pujol (CNRS: Centre national de la recherche scientifique)
#2Anne Legrand (French Institute of Health and Medical Research)H-Index: 6
Last. Manon Valet (French Institute of Health and Medical Research)
view all 48 authors...
Hereditary spastic paraplegias are heterogeneous neurodegenerative disorders. Understanding of their pathogenic mechanisms remains sparse, and therapeutic options are lacking. We characterized a mouse model lacking the Cyp2u1 gene, loss of which is known to be involved in a complex form of these diseases in humans. We showed that this model partially recapitulated the clinical and biochemical phenotypes of patients. Using electron microscopy, lipidomic, and proteomic studies, we identified vitam...
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#1Julie C.F. Rappe (Francis Crick Institute)H-Index: 1
#2Katja Finsterbusch (Francis Crick Institute)H-Index: 1
Last. Andreas Wack (Francis Crick Institute)H-Index: 43
view all 6 authors...
Cytokine-mediated immune-cell recruitment and inflammation contribute to protection in respiratory virus infection. However, uncontrolled inflammation and the "cytokine storm" are hallmarks of immunopathology in severe infection. Cytokine storm is a broad term for a phenomenon with diverse characteristics and drivers, depending on host genetics, age, and other factors. Taking advantage of the differential use of virus-sensing systems by different cell types, we test the hypothesis that specifica...
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#1Chris D Hermann (TUM: Technische Universität München)H-Index: 1
#2Benjamin Schoeps (TUM: Technische Universität München)H-Index: 4
Last. Percy A. Knolle (TUM: Technische Universität München)H-Index: 77
view all 15 authors...
Sex disparity in cancer is so far inadequately considered, and components of its basis are rather unknown. We reveal that male versus female pancreatic cancer (PC) patients and mice show shortened survival, more frequent liver metastasis, and elevated hepatic metastasis-promoting gene expression. Tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases 1 (TIMP1) was the secreted factor with the strongest male-biased expression in patient-derived pancreatic tumors. Male-specific up-regulation of systemic TIMP1 was...
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#1Akemi Kosaka (Asahikawa Medical University)H-Index: 12
#2Kei Ishibashi (Asahikawa Medical University)H-Index: 11
Last. Yuki Yajima (Asahikawa Medical University)H-Index: 2
view all 19 authors...
Activation of STING signaling plays an important role in anti-tumor immunity, and we previously reported the anti-tumor effects of STING through accumulation of M1-like macrophages in tumor tissue treated with a STING agonist. However, myeloid cells express SIRPα, an inhibitory receptor for phagocytosis, and its receptor, CD47, is overexpressed in various cancer types. Based on our findings that breast cancer patients with highly expressed CD47 have poor survival, we evaluated the therapeutic ef...
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#1Chia-Hao Lin (UCSD: University of California, San Diego)
#2Mei-Chi Chen (UCSD: University of California, San Diego)H-Index: 3
Last. Li-Fan Lu (UCSD: University of California, San Diego)H-Index: 34
view all 7 authors...
IL-27 controls a diverse range of immune responses in many disease settings. Here, we identify intestinal epithelial cells (IECs) as one of the major IL-27 cellular sources in the gut-associated tissue. Unlike IL-27 secreted by innate immune cells, gut epithelial IL-27 is dispensable for T-bet+ regulatory T cell (T reg cell) differentiation or IL-10 induction. Rather, IEC-derived IL-27 specifically promotes a distinct CD8αα+CD4+ intraepithelial lymphocyte (IEL) population that acquires their fun...
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#1Hao Xu (NYU: New York University)H-Index: 10
#2Lin Wu (NYU: New York University)H-Index: 9
Last. Dan R. Littman (NYU: New York University)H-Index: 171
view all 7 authors...
TGF-β signaling is fundamental for both Th17 and regulatory T (Treg) cell differentiation. However, these cells differ in requirements for downstream signaling components, such as SMAD effectors. To further characterize mechanisms that distinguish TGF-β signaling requirements for Th17 and Treg cell differentiation, we investigated the role of Arkadia (RNF111), an E3 ubiquitin ligase that mediates TGF-β signaling during development. Inactivation of Arkadia in CD4+ T cells resulted in impaired Tre...
1 CitationsSource
#1Yael Goldfarb (Weizmann Institute of Science)H-Index: 7
#2Tal Givony (Weizmann Institute of Science)H-Index: 1
Last. Yael Gruper (Weizmann Institute of Science)
view all 25 authors...
The autoimmune regulator (AIRE) is essential for the establishment of central tolerance and prevention of autoimmunity. Interestingly, different AIRE mutations cause autoimmunity in either recessive or dominant-negative manners. Using engineered mouse models, we establish that some monoallelic mutants, including C311Y and C446G, cause breakdown of central tolerance. By using RNAseq, ATACseq, ChIPseq, and protein analyses, we dissect the underlying mechanisms for their dominancy. Specifically, we...
2 CitationsSource
#1Eric J. Wigton (UCSF: University of California, San Francisco)H-Index: 4
#2Yohei Mikami (NIH: National Institutes of Health)H-Index: 25
Last. Daisuke Kitamura (Ridai: Tokyo University of Science)H-Index: 49
view all 15 authors...
MicroRNAs (miRNAs, miRs) regulate cell fate decisions by post-transcriptionally tuning networks of mRNA targets. We used miRNA-directed pathway discovery to reveal a regulatory circuit that influences Ig class switch recombination (CSR). We developed a system to deplete mature, activated B cells of miRNAs, and performed a rescue screen that identified the miR-221/222 family as a positive regulator of CSR. Endogenous miR-221/222 regulated B cell CSR to IgE and IgG1 in vitro, and miR-221/222-defic...
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Top fields of study
Antigen
Molecular biology
Immunology
T cell
Medicine
Biology