Clinical Science
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Atherosclerosis is a systemic inflammation of the arteries characterized by atherosclerotic plaque due to the accumulation of lipids, inflammatory cells, apoptotic cells, calcium and extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins. Stable plaques present a chronic inflammatory infiltration, whereas vulnerable plaques present an 'active' inflammation involved in the thinning of the fibrous cap that predisposes to plaque rupture. Several complex biological cellular processes lead plaques to evolve from stable...
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Clinical Science is proud to launch a new translational meta-research collection. Meta-research, or the science of science, applies the scientific method to study science itself. Meta-research is a powerful tool for identifying common problems in scientific papers, assessing their impact, and testing solutions to improve the transparency, rigor, trustworthiness, and usefulness of biomedical research. The collection welcomes science of science studies that link basic science to disease mechanisms...
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#1William S. Powell (MUHC: McGill University Health Centre)H-Index: 53
Eicosanoids comprise a group of oxidation products of arachidonic and 5,8,11,14,17-eicosapentaenoic acids formed by oxygenases and downstream enzymes. The two major pathways for eicosanoid formation are initiated by the actions of 5-lipoxygenase (5-LO), leading to leukotrienes (LTs) and 5-oxo-6,8,11,14-eicosatetraenoic acid (5-oxo-ETE), and cyclooxygenase (COX), leading to prostaglandins (PGs) and thromboxane (TX). A third group (specialized pro-resolving mediators; SPMs), including lipoxin A4 (...
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#1Sandra Rayego-Mateos (ISCIII: Carlos III Health Institute)H-Index: 18
#2Sofía Campillo (University of Alcalá)
Last. Marta Ruiz-Ortega (ISCIII: Carlos III Health Institute)H-Index: 68
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Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is characterized by pathological accumulation of extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins in renal structures. Tubulointerstitial fibrosis is observed in glomerular diseases as well as in the regeneration failure of acute kidney injury (AKI). Therefore, finding antifibrotic therapies comprises an intensive research field in Nephrology. Nowadays, ECM is not only considered as a cellular scaffold, but also exerts important cellular functions. In this review, we describe the...
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#1Sherouk Fouda (RMIT: RMIT University)H-Index: 3
#2Anwar Khan (RMIT: RMIT University)H-Index: 1
Last. Ji-Ming Ye (RMIT: RMIT University)H-Index: 36
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Consumption of diet rich in fat and cigarette smoking (CS) are independent risk factors of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) and they often occur together in some populations. The present study investigated the mechanisms of high fat diet (HFD) and CS, individually and in combination, on the pathogenesis of NASH in mice. C57BL/6 male mice were subjected to either a low-fat chow (CH) or HFD with or without mainstream CS-exposure (4 cigarettes/day, 5 days/ week for 14 weeks). HFD alone caused h...
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#1Sudhir Kotnala (TU: Temple University)H-Index: 5
#2Yerin Kim (TU: Temple University)
Last. Umadevi S Sajjan (TU: Temple University)H-Index: 2
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Dipeptidyl peptidase 4 (DPP4) expression is increased in the lungs of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). DPP4 is known to be associated with inflammation in various organs, including LPS-induced acute lung inflammation. Since non-typeable H. influenzae (NTHi) causes acute exacerbations in COPD patients, we examined the contribution of DPP4 in NTHi-induced lung inflammation in COPD. Pulmonary macrophages isolated from COPD patients showed higher expression of DPP4 than the macrophages ...
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#1Owen Vaughan (UCL: University College London)H-Index: 22
#2Katarzyna Maksym (UCL: University College London)H-Index: 2
Last. Fredrick J. Rosario (Anschutz Medical Campus)H-Index: 19
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Fetal growth restriction (FGR) is a complication of pregnancy that reduces birth weight, markedly increases infant mortality and morbidity and is associated with later-life cardiometabolic disease. No specific treatment is available for FGR. Placentas of human FGR infants have low abundance of sodium-coupled neutral amino acid transporter 2 (Slc38a2/SNAT2), which supplies the fetus with amino acids required for growth. We determined the mechanistic role of placental Slc38a2/SNAT2 deficiency in t...
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#1Koji Akita (Juntendo University)H-Index: 5
#2Kikuo Isoda (Juntendo University)H-Index: 21
Last. Tohru Minamino (Juntendo University)H-Index: 62
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Clinical hypertension is associated with renal inflammation and elevated circulating levels of proinflammatory cytokines. IL-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1Ra) is one of the most important anti-inflammatory cytokines and plays a crucial role in inflammation. Inhibition of IL-1 may contribute to modulation of the Angiotensin II (AngII)-induced hypertension response. This study aimed to elucidate the effects of IL-1Ra and anti-IL-1β antibody (01BSUR) on AngII-induced renal injury. To determine the con...
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#1Xianming Zhou (HUST: Huazhong University of Science and Technology)
#2Chao Zhang (HUST: Huazhong University of Science and Technology)H-Index: 61
Last. Nianguo Dong (HUST: Huazhong University of Science and Technology)H-Index: 19
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Although extremely important, the molecular mechanisms that govern aortic aneurysm (AA) formation and progression are still poorly understood. This deficit represents a critical roadblock toward the development of effective pharmaceutical therapies for the treatment of AA. While dysregulation of Protein Phosphatase 2A (PP2A) is thought to play a role in cardiovascular disease, its role in aortic aneurysm is unknown. The objective of this study is to test the hypothesis that PP2A regulates abdomi...
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#1Nayara Azinheira Nobrega Cruz (UNIFESP: Federal University of São Paulo)
#2Danielle Stoll (UNIFESP: Federal University of São Paulo)H-Index: 1
Last. Mariane Bertagnolli (McGill University)H-Index: 15
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In times of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), the impact of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS)-coronavirus (CoV)-2 infection on pregnancy is still unclear. The presence of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) 2 (ACE2), the main receptor for SARS-CoV-2, in human placentas indicates that this organ can be vulnerable for viral infection during pregnancy. However, for this to happen, additional molecular processes are critical to allow viral entry in cells, its replication and disease manife...
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