Cytokine & Growth Factor Reviews
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#1Ni Zhao (MOE: Chinese Ministry of Education)H-Index: 2
#2Bin Di (MOE: Chinese Ministry of Education)H-Index: 5
Last. Li-Li Xu (MOE: Chinese Ministry of Education)H-Index: 11
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Abstract null null Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), exhibits a wide spectrum of clinical presentations, ranging from asymptomatic cases to severe pneumonia or even death. In severe COVID-19 cases, an increased level of proinflammatory cytokines has been observed in the bloodstream, forming the so-called “cytokine storm”. Generally, nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain-like receptor containing pyrin domain 3 (NLRP3) ...
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#1Carla Fourie (Stellenbosch University)H-Index: 1
#2Preetha Shridas (UK: University of Kentucky)H-Index: 18
Last. Anna-Mart Engelbrecht (Stellenbosch University)H-Index: 24
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Breast cancer is the most frequently diagnosed cancer in women globally. Although there have been many significant advances made in the diagnosis and treatment of breast cancer, numerous unresolved challenges remain, which include prevention, early diagnosis, metastasis and recurrence. The role of inflammation in cancer development is well established and is believed to be one of the leading hallmarks of cancer progression. Recently, the role of the inflammasome, a cytosolic multiprotein complex...
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#1Marina Dukhinova (International Institute of Minnesota)
#1Marina Dukhinova (International Institute of Minnesota)H-Index: 9
Last. Anna Shtro (International Institute of Minnesota)
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Macrophages represent the first line of anti-pathogen defense - they encounter invading pathogens to perform the phagocytic activity, to deliver the plethora of pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines, and to shape the tissue microenvironment. Throughout pneumonia course, alveolar macrophages and infiltrated blood monocytes produce increasing cytokine amounts, which activates the antiviral/antibacterial immunity but can also provoke the risk of the so-called cytokine "storm" and normal tissue damag...
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Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a key regulator of angiogenesis, a physiological process characterized by the formation of new vessels from a preexisting endothelium. VEGF has also been implicated in pathologic states, such as neoplasias, intraocular neovascular disorders, among other conditions. VEGFs are distributed in seven different families: VEGF-A, B, C, D, and PIGF (placental growth factor), which are identified in mammals; VEGF-E, which are encountered in viruses; and VEGF-F...
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#1Kiran Shabir (University Hospitals Coventry and Warwickshire NHS Trust)H-Index: 3
Abstract null null White adipose tissue is a dynamic endocrine organ that releases an array of adipokines, which play a key role in regulating metabolic homeostasis and multiple other physiological processes. An altered adipokine secretion profile from adipose tissue depots frequently characterizes obesity and related cardio-metabolic diseases. Asprosin is a recently discovered adipokine that is released in response to fasting. Following secretion, asprosin acts - via an olfactory G-protein coup...
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Antiphospholipid antibodies (aPLs), present in 1-5 % of healthy individuals, are associated with the risk of antiphospholipid syndrome (APS), which is the most common form of acquired thrombophilia. APLs may appear following infections or vaccinations and have been reported in patients with COronaVIrus Disease-2019 (COVID-19). However, their association with COVID-19 vaccination is unclear. Notably, a few cases of thrombocytopenia and thrombotic events resembling APS have been reported to develo...
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#1Birte Kespohl (Otto-von-Guericke University Magdeburg)H-Index: 1
#2Tim Schumertl (Otto-von-Guericke University Magdeburg)H-Index: 1
Last. Christoph Garbers (Otto-von-Guericke University Magdeburg)H-Index: 32
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Abstract Bone development is a complex process that requires the activity of several different signaling pathways and cell types. It involves the coordinated action of osteoclasts (cells that are capable of resorbing bone), osteoblasts (cells that are able to form bone), osteocytes (cells that form a syncytial network within the bone), skeletal muscle cells and the bone marrow. In recent years, the cytokine interleukin-11 (IL-11), a member of the IL-6 family of cytokines, has emerged as an impor...
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Abstract This review captures the anabolic and stimulatory effects observed with inhibition of the transforming growth factor β superfamily in muscle, blood, and bone. New medicinal substances that rectify activin, myostatin, and growth differentiation factor 11 signaling give hope to the many whose lives are affected by deterioration of these tissues. The review first covers the origin, structure, and common pathway of activins, myostatin, and growth differentiation factor 11 along with the pha...
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#2Vibe SkovH-Index: 20
Last. Claus Henrik Nielsen (Copenhagen University Hospital)H-Index: 31
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Abstract Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) elicits an interferon (IFN) deficiency state, which aggravates the type I interferon deficiency and slow IFN responses, which associate with e.g. aging and obesity. Additionally, SARS-CoV-2 may also elicit a cytokine storm, which accounts for disease progression and ultimately the urgent need of ventilator support.. Based upon several reports, it has been argued that early treatment with IFN-alpha2 or IFN-beta, preferentially ...
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#1Lucia GabrieleH-Index: 24
#2Alessandra FragaleH-Index: 16
Last. Imerio CaponeH-Index: 15
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Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), the causative agent of the ongoing coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, induces severe pneumonia mainly in elderly males. Epidemiological data clearly indicate sex-based differences in disease outcomes, with men accounting for about 70 % of deaths, despite similar susceptibility to infection. It is well known that females are endowed with higher capacity to produce antibodies, which correlates with viral clearance and disease...
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