Journal of Aerosol Medicine-deposition Clearance and Effects in The Lung
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Although major house dust mite allergen (Der p 1) is carried mainly on large particles (>10 μm), standard bronchial challenge tests (BCT) use nebulizers that deliver smaller particles (sizes from 1 to 5 μm) and may therefore not reflect actual domestic exposure. The objective of this study was to evaluate the influence of particle size of Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus extract on bronchial response. Specific BCT were performed with different mass median aerodynamic diameters (MMAD): 1.1, 5.6, an...
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#1Mow Yee Foo (UI: University of Iowa)H-Index: 1
#2Yung-Sung ChengH-Index: 1
Last. Maureen D. DonovanH-Index: 23
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While numerous devices, formulations, and spray characteristics have been shown to influence nasal deposition efficiency, few studies have attempted to identify which of these interacting factors plays the greatest role in nasal spray deposition. The deposition patterns of solutions with a wide range of surface tensions and viscosities were measured using an MRI-derived nasal cavity replica. The resulting spray plumes had angles between 29° and 80° and contained droplet sizes (Dv50) from 37–157 ...
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The penetration, translocation, and distribution of ultrafine and nanoparticles in tissues and cells are challenging issues in aerosol research. This article describes a set of novel quantitative microscopic methods for evaluating particle distributions within sectional images of tissues and cells by addressing the following questions: (1) is the observed distribution of particles between spatial compartments random? (2) Which compartments are preferentially targeted by particles? and (3) Does t...
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Inhalation medication is essential in the treatment of asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients. Incorrect inhalation technique reduces the effects of medication and has been reported to range from 22% to 95% from optimal. The objective of this study was to determine inter- and intraobserver reliability in inhalation technique assessment. For interobserver reliability three observers scored after three times viewing a total of 49 video recorded inhalation demonstrations u...
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Pressurized metered dose inhalers (pMDIs) are the most widely prescribed and economical respiratory drug delivery systems. Conventional pMDI actuators—those based on “two-orifice-and-sump” designs—produce an aerosol with a reasonable respirable fraction, but with high aerosol velocity. The latter is responsible for high oropharyngeal deposition, and consequently low drug delivery efficiency. Kos' pMDI technology is based on a proprietary vortex nozzle actuator (VNA), an innovative actuator confi...
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The feasibility of efficient aerosol delivery of the human IL-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1Ra) for reduction of acute lung inflammation was demonstrated in a mouse model study. The therapeutic efficacy of dry powder formulations PM2, PM10 of IL-1Ra was studied at nonforced inhalation in an aerosol chamber using the DPI “Spinhaler”. Micronized powder formulations for insufflation were produced by air-jet milling. The anti-inflammatory effect of IL-Ra preparation was assessed by differential cell co...
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Cyclosporine inhalation solution has the potential to improve outcomes following lung transplantation by delivering high concentrations of an immunosuppressant directly to the allograft while minimizing systemic drug exposure and associated toxicity. The objective of these studies was to evaluate the potential toxicity of aerosolized cyclosporine formulated in propylene glycol when given by inhalation route to rats and dogs for 28 days. Sprague-Dawley rats received total inhaled doses of 0 (air)...
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Aerosol drugs are usually delivered to the lung by inhalation via the oral route, since aerosol deposition is much lower in the oral than in nasal airways. In the present study a practical, non-CFD-based, mechanistic model is developed, which permits an efficient calculation of deposition along the oral route with simple computational means. A simplified geometrical description of the mouth and throat region is used, based on a sequence of conducting ducts. The numerical model takes into account...
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