Journal of Immunotherapy
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#2Guo-Ming ChenH-Index: 2
Last. Yuan Fang LiH-Index: 19
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Despite that immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) had tremendous improved the survival of multiple solid tumors, only a limited proportion of patients are responsive to ICIs. Therefore, effective variables are urgently needed to predict the probability of response to ICIs. Systematic searches were conducted from inception up to May, 2020. Prospective or retrospective studies of ICIs that investigated the association between body mass index (BMI) and survival outcomes, including overall survival (...
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#1Min Dai (Harborview Medical Center)H-Index: 2
#2Yuen Yee Yip (Harborview Medical Center)H-Index: 6
Last. Karl Erik Hellstrom (Harborview Medical Center)H-Index: 4
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Immunologic mechanisms influence how a cancer patient responds to therapy. Monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) to the epidermal growth factor receptor are clinically approved, and a lung cancer vaccine inducing antibodies to epidermal growth factor (EGF) has some beneficial clinical effects. We tested the hypothesis that mAbs to epidermal growth factor receptor, EGF, and tumor growth factor alpha (TGF-α), in addition to any other effects, can facilitate the generation of a tumor-destructive immunologic...
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Immune checkpoints are important targets in oncological therapy. Recent studies have proven efficacy of immune checkpoint inhibition (ICI) in treatment of triple negative breast cancer (TNBC). However, only a proportion of TNBC-patients benefit from ICI. Thus, current scientific efforts in this context are focused on the identification of a robust biomarker that enables patient stratification. In the present study, we investigated the epigenetic regulation of PD-1 (PDCD1), PD-L1 (CD274), and PD-...
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Next-generation T-cell therapies will likely continue to utilize T-cell receptors (TCRs) and chimeric antigen receptors (CARs) because each receptor type has advantages. TCRs often possess exceptional properties even when tested unmodified from patients' T cells. CARs are generally less sensitive, possibly because their ligand-binding domains are grafted from antibodies selected for binding affinity or avidity and not broadly optimized for a functional response. Because of the disconnect between...
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#1Ella C. Berry (Garvan Institute of Medical Research)
#2Sean MullanyH-Index: 3
Last. Owen M. SiggsH-Index: 25
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Immune checkpoint inhibitor therapy is frequently associated with immune-related adverse events, which occasionally manifest with visual symptoms. Here, we describe a case of unilateral and sudden-onset painless vision loss in an 82-year-old man with metastatic non-small cell lung cancer receiving immunotherapy with the anti-programmed death-ligand 1 agent atezolizumab. Examination demonstrated a right-sided relative afferent pupillary defect, diffusely swollen optic disc, and delayed choroidal ...
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#1Bora Kim (Yonsei University)
Last. Wonbong LimH-Index: 14
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Breast cancer cells often metastasize to bone. Accumulating evidence suggests that inhibiting the receptor activator of nuclear factor-κB ligand (RANKL) not only leads to reduced bone metastasis of breast cancer but also has antitumoral effects. Here, we used mutant receptor activator of nuclear factor-κB ligand (RANKLM) as a vaccine for active immunization to induce antibodies for immunotherapy of bone metastatic cancer. We investigated whether anti-RANKL antibodies inhibit osteolytic bone meta...
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#1Die Lv (Sichuan University)
#2Jiao ChenH-Index: 6
Last. Yun FengH-Index: 10
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Protein kinase D3 (PKD3) has been involved in various aspects of tumorigenesis and progression in many kinds of cancer types. However, whether PKD3 regulates immune escape in tumor microenvironment is rarely reported. Here, we explored the function and mechanism of PKD3 in reconstructing the immune escape niche of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). Both the Western blotting analysis in OSCC cells and the gene expression correlation analysis from The Cancer Genome Atlas shows that the expressio...
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#1Yayun Li (CSU: Central South University)
Last. Guangtong DengH-Index: 8
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Immunotherapy has revolutionized the treatment in metastatic melanoma, but alternative biomarkers that are economical, simple and reliable still need to be clarified. In this study, we aimed to comprehensively analyze the prognostic significance of baseline neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) in melanoma patients with immunotherapy. We searched PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library until September 16, 2020. Hazard ratio (HR) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were pooled to investigate the assoc...
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#1Nathaniel R. Wilson (University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center)
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Data regarding clinical outcomes and management of hematological manifestations of immune checkpoint inhibition (ICI) is limited to case reports, series, and a few retrospective reviews. We aimed to determine the rate of response of hematological immune-related adverse events (irAEs) to immunosuppressive therapy. MEDLINE (OVID), EMBASE, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) were searched from inception to the present day. Retrospective reports were included without lan...
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