Journal of Traumatic Stress
Papers 2,786
1 page of 279 pages (2,786 results)
#1Donte L. Bernard (MUSC: Medical University of South Carolina)H-Index: 7
#2Quinton Smith (UNC: University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill)H-Index: 1
Last. Paul Lanier (UNC: University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill)H-Index: 14
view all 3 authors...
Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) have been consistently linked to a reduction in healthy psychological adjustment among youth. Emergent evidence suggests that there are culturally specific ACEs, such as racial discrimination, that are particularly harmful to the mental health of Black youth. However, the psychological impact of racial discrimination on the mental health of Black youth relative to other ACEs remains underexplored. The present study aimed to address this gap by examining the e...
#1Alexandra Macdonald (Citadel)H-Index: 14
#2Steffany J. Fredman (PSU: Pennsylvania State University)H-Index: 17
Last. Alan L. Peterson (UTSA: The University of Texas at San Antonio)H-Index: 53
view all 17 authors...
Cognitive-behavioral conjoint therapy (CBCT) for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has demonstrated efficacy for improving PTSD and comorbid symptoms and relationship adjustment. To enhance treatment efficiency and scalability, we developed a 2-day, abbreviated, intensive, multicouple group version of CBCT for PTSD (AIM-CBCT for PTSD). Prior work demonstrated that AIM-CBCT for PTSD wasassociated with reductions in PTSD and comorbid symptoms in a sample of 24 post-9/11 active duty military or ...
#1Billy A. Caceres (CU: Columbia University)H-Index: 11
#2Laura E. Britton (CU: Columbia University)H-Index: 6
Last. Shakira F. Suglia (Emory University)H-Index: 31
view all 5 authors...
Growing evidence suggests that childhood trauma is associated with poorer cardiovascular health in adulthood, but few studies have examined potential mediators of these associations. We examined the links between different forms of childhood trauma (i.e., abuse, neglect, cumulative trauma) and cardiovascular health and explored potential mediators. Cross-sectional data from 1,251 participants in the National Survey of Midlife Development in the United States' II Biomarker Project were analyzed. ...
#1Justina Yohannan (MSU: Michigan State University)H-Index: 2
#2John S. Carlson (MSU: Michigan State University)H-Index: 19
Last. Martin A. Volker (MSU: Michigan State University)H-Index: 21
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Due to the negative impact of trauma exposure, effective treatments are necessary to prevent and improve negative trauma-related outcomes. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is considered an efficacious treatment for children and adolescents exposed to traumatic events. Despite the various meta-analyses that have examined trauma treatments, there is a paucity of research on the moderating variables that may impact treatment outcomes. This meta-analytic CBT study addressed those limitations by ex...
#1Margaret A Maglione (RAND Corporation)
#2Christine Chen (RAND Corporation)H-Index: 7
Last. Susanne Hempel (USC: University of Southern California)H-Index: 42
view all 7 authors...
To identify baseline patient characteristics (i.e., demographic and psychological factors, military background) associated with better posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) treatment retention among veterans, we conducted a systematic review. After an electronic database search for studies of PTSD treatment in veterans, two reviewers independently screened the literature for eligibility, abstracted study-level information, and assessed risk of bias. As most studies used multivariate models to ass...
#1Andreas Maercker (UZH: University of Zurich)H-Index: 74
#2Florence Bernays (UZH: University of Zurich)H-Index: 2
Last. Myriam V. Thoma (UZH: University of Zurich)H-Index: 19
view all 4 authors...
The present study proposes and tests a cascade model of complex posttraumatic stress disorder (CPTSD) focusing on childhood trauma and maltreatment, attachment, and socio-interpersonal factors. Multigroup path analysis was used to examine data from 126 individuals formerly affected by compulsory social measures and placements (CSMP) in their childhood and/or adolescence (i.e., risk group [RG]; M age = 70.8 years) and an age-matched control group (CG; n = 125; M age = 70.6 years). The final model...
#1Kayla Knopp (VHA: Veterans Health Administration)H-Index: 9
#2Elizabeth R. Wrape (VHA: Veterans Health Administration)H-Index: 7
Last. Leslie A. Morland (VHA: Veterans Health Administration)H-Index: 23
view all 7 authors...
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms are robustly associated with intimate relationship dysfunction among veterans, but most existing research has focused on male veterans and their female partners. Links between PTSD and relationship functioning may differ between female-veteran couples and male-veteran couples. The current study used actor-partner interdependence models (APIMs) to test the associations between PTSD symptoms (i.e., veteran self-report or significant others' collateral-...
#1Alan L. Peterson (UTHSCSA: The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio)H-Index: 53
Soumoff et al. (2021) reported on a sample of 2,217 injured military service members and found that somatic symptom severity was more predictive of the development of probable posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms than injury severity. PTSD has been described as one of the invisible wounds of war, suggesting that many military service members with PTSD may suffer in silence because some symptoms-such as psychological and somatic symptoms-are often not observable by others. In contrast, f...
#1Jenna E. Boyd (McMaster University)H-Index: 7
#2Duncan H. Cameron (McMaster University)H-Index: 6
Last. Karen Rowa (McMaster University)H-Index: 21
view all 5 authors...
The Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) Checklist for DSM-5 (PCL-5) is a widely used, self-report measure that is employed to assess PTSD symptom severity and determine the presence of probable PTSD in various trauma-exposed populations. The PCL-5 is often administered in clinical settings as a screening tool for PTSD, with a suggested cutoff score of 33 indicating a probable PTSD diagnosis. Recent research indicates that a higher cutoff may be required in psychiatric samples. In the present st...
#1Alyssa Soumoff (WRNMMC: Walter Reed National Military Medical Center)H-Index: 4
#2Mercedes Y Driscoll (USUHS: Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences)H-Index: 1
Last. Kwang H. Choi (USUHS: Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences)H-Index: 23
view all 5 authors...
Peterson's (2021) commentary on our recently published manuscript (Soumoff et al., 2021) suggests that our findings are an example of visible, physical injuries of war facilitating communication with others, which, in turn, fosters recovery from invisible war wounds. We agree that in the proper context, the retelling of one's traumatic story can be important for recovery from and, perhaps, even the prevention of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and major depressive disorder (MDD). Participan...
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