Papers 7,393
1 page of 740 pages (7,393 results)
#1Yael Grossman (Duke University)H-Index: 1
#2Clementine Fillinger (MSSM: Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai)H-Index: 1
Last. Dani DumitriuH-Index: 16
view all 9 authors...
Stressful life events are ubiquitous and well-known to negatively impact mental health. However, in both humans and animal models, there is large individual variability in how individuals respond to stress, with some but not all experiencing long-term adverse consequences. While there is growing understanding of the neurobiological underpinnings of the stress response, much less is known about how neurocircuits shaped by lifetime experiences are activated during an initial stressor and contribut...
#1Sabra S. Inslicht (UCSF: University of California, San Francisco)H-Index: 19
#2Andrea N. Niles (UCSF: University of California, San Francisco)H-Index: 15
Last. Thomas C. Neylan (UCSF: University of California, San Francisco)H-Index: 71
view all 9 authors...
Fear extinction underlies prolonged exposure, one of the most well-studied treatments for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). There has been increased interest in exploring pharmacological agents to enhance fear extinction learning in humans and their potential as adjuncts to PE. The objective of such adjuncts is to augment the clinical impact of PE on the durability and magnitude of symptom reduction. In this study, we examined whether hydrocortisone (HC), a corticosteroid, and D-Cycloserine ...
#1Alec J Jamieson (University of Melbourne)H-Index: 2
#2Ben J. Harrison (University of Melbourne)H-Index: 59
Last. Christopher G. Davey (University of Melbourne)H-Index: 33
view all 4 authors...
The rostral anterior cingulate cortex (rACC) is consistently implicated in the neurobiology of depression. While the functional connectivity of the rACC has been previously associated with treatment response, there is a paucity of work investigating the specific directional interactions underpinning these associations. We compared the fMRI resting-state effective connectivity of 94 young people with major depressive disorder and 91 healthy controls. Following the fMRI scan, patients were randomi...
#1Maria Isabel Carreno-Munoz (University of Bordeaux)H-Index: 1
#2Maria Carmen Medrano (University of Bordeaux)H-Index: 1
Last. Xavier Leinekugel (University of Bordeaux)H-Index: 1
view all 14 authors...
Behavioral phenotyping devices have been successfully used to build ethograms, but many aspects of behavior remain out of reach of available phenotyping systems. We now report on a novel device, which consists in an open-field platform resting on highly sensitive piezoelectric (electromechanical) pressure-sensors, with which we could detect the slightest movements (up to individual heart beats during rest) from freely moving rats and mice. The combination with video recordings and signal analysi...
#1Natalie C. Momen (AU: Aarhus University)H-Index: 10
#2Thalia K. Robakis (MSSM: Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai)H-Index: 12
Last. Trine Munk-Olsen (Lundbeck)H-Index: 30
view all 6 authors...
Information on neurodevelopmental effects of antenatal exposure to antipsychotics is limited to 10 studies, all examining children up to 5 years of age or less. The paper aimed to investigate the association between in utero exposure to antipsychotics and psychiatric outcomes in children using Danish nationwide registers. In total, 9011 liveborn singletons born 1998-2015 in Denmark whose mothers took antipsychotic medication before pregnancy were identified. Children whose mothers continued to t...
#1Deborah Rudin (Medical University of Vienna)H-Index: 6
#2John D. McCorvy (MCW: Medical College of Wisconsin)H-Index: 25
Last. Harald H. Sitte (Medical University of Vienna)H-Index: 57
view all 16 authors...
Derivatives of (2-aminopropyl)indole (API) and (2-aminopropyl)benzofuran (APB) are new psychoactive substances which produce stimulant effects in vivo. (2-Aminopropyl)benzo[β]thiophene (APBT) is a novel sulfur-based analog of API and APB that has not been pharmacologically characterized. In the current study, we assessed the pharmacological effects of six APBT positional isomers in vitro, and three of these isomers (3-APBT, 5-APBT, and 6-APBT) were subjected to further investigations in vivo. Up...
#1Hanna Karlsson (LiU: Linköping University)H-Index: 4
#2Emil Persson (LiU: Linköping University)H-Index: 7
Last. Gustav Tinghög (LiU: Linköping University)H-Index: 18
view all 6 authors...
Social drinking is common, but it is unclear how moderate levels of alcohol influence decision making. Most prior studies have focused on adverse long-term effects on cognitive and executive function in people with alcohol use disorders (AUD). Some studies have investigated the acute effects of alcohol on decision making in healthy people, but have predominantly used small samples and focused on a narrow selection of tasks related to personal decision making, e.g., delay or probability discounti...
#1Alexander S. Hatoum (WUSTL: Washington University in St. Louis)H-Index: 10
#2Emma C. Johnson (WUSTL: Washington University in St. Louis)H-Index: 12
Last. Arpana Agrawal (WUSTL: Washington University in St. Louis)H-Index: 73
view all 10 authors...
Substance use disorders commonly co-occur with one another and with other psychiatric disorders. They share common features including high impulsivity, negative affect, and lower executive function. We tested whether a common genetic factor undergirds liability to problematic alcohol use (PAU), problematic tobacco use (PTU), cannabis use disorder (CUD), and opioid use disorder (OUD) by applying genomic structural equation modeling to genome-wide association study summary statistics for individua...
#1Martin Plöderl (Paracelsus Medical University)H-Index: 18
#2Michael Pascal Hengartner (ZHAW: Zurich University of Applied Sciences)H-Index: 27
#1Qiang Shan (STU: Shantou University)H-Index: 1
#2You Hu (STU: Shantou University)
Last. Yao Tian (NKU: Nankai University)H-Index: 1
view all 4 authors...
Social dominance versus social submissiveness is a basic behavioral trait of social animals such as human beings and laboratory mice. The brain regions associated with this behavior have been intensely investigated, and early neuroimaging research on human subjects implies that the nucleus accumbens (NAc) might be involved in encoding social dominance. However, the underlying circuitry and synaptic mechanism are largely unknown. In this study, by introducing lesions to both NAc subregions, the s...
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