Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
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#1Jing Xu (NIH: National Institutes of Health)H-Index: 1
#2Kaitlyn G Lawrence (NIH: National Institutes of Health)H-Index: 2
Last. Dale P. Sandler (NIH: National Institutes of Health)H-Index: 104
view all 5 authors...
Background null Socioeconomic status (SES) at the individual level is associated with hypertension risk. Less is known about neighbourhood level SES or how neighbourhood and individual level SES may jointly affect hypertension risk. null Methods null The Area Deprivation Index (ADI) includes 17 census-based measures reflecting neighbourhood SES. The ADI was linked to enrolment addresses of 47 329 women in the Sister Study cohort and categorised as ≤10% (low deprivation), 11%-20%, 21%-35%, 36%-55...
#1Taya A. Collyer (Monash University)H-Index: 5
#2George Athanasopoulos (Monash University)H-Index: 25
Last. Nadine E. Andrew (Monash University)H-Index: 18
view all 12 authors...
BACKGROUND: Melbourne, Australia, successfully halted exponential transmission of COVID-19 via two strict lockdowns during 2020. The impact of such restrictions on healthcare-seeking behaviour is not comprehensively understood, but is of global importance. We explore the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on acute, subacute and emergency department (ED) presentations/admissions within a tertiary, metropolitan health service in Melbourne, Australia, over two waves of community transmission (1 March ...
#1Daisuke NishiokaH-Index: 3
#2Reo Takaku (Hitotsubashi University)H-Index: 5
Last. Naoki KondoH-Index: 52
view all 3 authors...
Backgrounds null Income reduction in poor households affects healthcare demands for impoverished population. However, the impact of reduced benefits for public assistance recipients, who can use medical services for free, on healthcare costs has not been examined. We hypothesised that marginal cuts in benefits increase recipients’ medical expenditure by extra demand for medical care. We tested this hypothesis using public assistance databases of Japan. null Methods null The study population comp...
Background null Persons living in long-term care facilities (LTCFs) are presumed to be at higher risk of adverse outcomes from SARS-CoV-2 infection due to increasing age and frailty, but the magnitude of increased risk is not well quantified. null Methods null After linking demographic and mortality data for cases with confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection between March 2020 and January 2021 in England, a random sample of 6000 persons who died and 36 000 who did not die within 28 days of a positive tes...
#1Joan Benach (UAM: Autonomous University of Madrid)H-Index: 66
#2Christos Zografos (UPF: Pompeu Fabra University)H-Index: 20
Last. Juan M. Pericàs (UPF: Pompeu Fabra University)H-Index: 22
view all 5 authors...
The lack of preparedness and the adoption of a reactive approach underlie many mistakes in handling the COVID-19 pandemic. We need a vision with a proactive approach to planetary health prevention, that is suited for addressing the neglected systemic determinants of health which generate disease, inequality and environmental degradation, and capable of anticipating known and unknown risks, and foreseeing possible threatening scenarios. To achieve a healthy, equitable and sustainable future, it i...
#1Helen Suh (Tufts University)H-Index: 73
Last. Laurie Browne (American Camp Association)H-Index: 6
view all 4 authors...
Background null Most camps remained closed during Summer 2020, due to concerns regarding child transmission of SARS-CoV-2 and limited information about the effectiveness of non-pharmaceutical interventions (NPIs) within child congregate settings. null Methods null We surveyed US camps about on-site operations, camper and staff demographics, COVID-19 cases among campers and staff, and NPI usage as related to pre-camp quarantine, facial coverings, physical distancing, cleaning and facility modific...
#1Lucy Platt (Lond: University of London)H-Index: 35
#2Sujit D. Rathod (Lond: University of London)H-Index: 19
view all 8 authors...
Despite the development of effective vaccines against SARS-CoV-2 and an encouraging start to its roll out in many countries, in the coming months and years targeted prevention strategies will still be vital for socially marginalised groups. People experiencing multiple levels of exclusion related to homelessness, drug use, sex work, migration and their intersection can be particularly vulnerable to infection and morbidity with SARS-CoV-2 and will be less likely to benefit from population-wide pr...
#1Thierry GagnéH-Index: 6
#2Alita Nandi (University of Essex)H-Index: 10
Last. Ingrid SchoonH-Index: 45
view all 3 authors...
Background null Despite concerns about mental health problems among those aged 16–24 in England, which social groups have been most at risk, both over the past decade and during the COVID-19 pandemic, remains unclear. null Methods null We examined trends in psychological distress among young adults 16–24 years old in England using data from the UK Household Longitudinal Study. Using longitudinal data as repeated cross-sectional waves, we examined differences over time in mean General Health Ques...
#1Tami Sengoku (Kyoto University)H-Index: 3
#2Tatsuro IshizakiH-Index: 26
Last. Yoshimitsu Takahashi (Kyoto University)H-Index: 19
view all 9 authors...
Background null Recognising the importance of the social determinants of health, the Japanese government introduced a health management support programme targeted at type 2 diabetes (T2D) for public assistance recipients (PAR) in 2018. However, evidence of the T2D prevalence among PAR is lacking. We aimed to estimate T2D prevalence by age and sex among PAR, compared with the prevalence among health insurance enrollees (HIE). Additionally, regional differences in T2D prevalence among PAR were exa...
#1Molly Scannell Bryan (UIC: University of Illinois at Chicago)H-Index: 10
#2Temidayo O. Ogundiran (UI: University of Ibadan)H-Index: 28
Last. Dezheng Huo (U of C: University of Chicago)H-Index: 70
view all 11 authors...
Introduction null Many diseases of adulthood are associated with a woman’s age at menarche. Genetic variation affects age at menarche, but it remains unclear whether in women of African ancestry the timing of menarche is regulated by genetic variants that were identified in predominantly European and East Asian populations. null Methods null We explored the genetic architecture of age at menarche in 3145 women of African ancestry who live in the USA, Barbados and Nigeria. We undertook a genome-w...
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