Nature Physics
Papers 4,827
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#1Florian Schreck (UvA: University of Amsterdam)H-Index: 29
#2Klaasjan van Druten (UvA: University of Amsterdam)
Laser cooling exploits the physics of light scattering to cool atomic and molecular gases to close to absolute zero. It is the crucial initial step for essentially all atomic gas experiments in which Bose–Einstein condensation and, more generally, quantum degeneracy is reached. The ongoing development of laser-cooling methods has allowed more elements to be brought to quantum degeneracy, with each additional atomic species offering its own experimental opportunities. Improved methods are opening...
#1Marine Luciano (University of Mons)H-Index: 5
#2Shi-Lei Xue (Institute of Science and Technology Austria)H-Index: 4
Last. Sylvain Gabriele (University of Mons)H-Index: 21
view all 8 authors...
The early development of many organisms involves the folding of cell monolayers, but this behaviour is difficult to reproduce in vitro; therefore, both mechanistic causes and effects of local curvature remain unclear. Here we study epithelial cell monolayers on corrugated hydrogels engineered into wavy patterns, examining how concave and convex curvatures affect cellular and nuclear shape. We find that substrate curvature affects monolayer thickness, which is larger in valleys than crests. We sh...
#1Adam Kaufman (CU: University of Colorado Boulder)H-Index: 21
#2Kang-Kuen Ni (Harvard University)H-Index: 25
Single atoms and molecules can be trapped in tightly focused beams of light that form ‘optical tweezers’, affording exquisite capabilities for the control and detection of individual particles. This approach has progressed to creating tweezer arrays holding hundreds of atoms, resulting in a platform for controlling large many-particle quantum systems. Here we review this new approach to microscopic control of scalable atomic and molecular neutral quantum systems, its future prospects, and applic...
#1Antoine Tenart (Université Paris-Saclay)H-Index: 3
#2Gaétan Hercé (Université Paris-Saclay)H-Index: 2
Last. David Clément (Université Paris-Saclay)H-Index: 17
view all 5 authors...
Quantum fluctuations play a central role in the properties of quantum matter. In non-interacting ensembles, they manifest as fluctuations of non-commuting observables, quantified by Heisenberg inequalities1. In the presence of interactions, additional quantum fluctuations appear, from which many-body correlations and entanglement arise2. Weak interactions are predicted to deplete Bose–Einstein condensates by the formation of correlated pairs of bosons with opposite momenta3,4. Here we report the...
#1Sean Hodgman (ANU: Australian National University)H-Index: 18
#2Andrew Truscott (ANU: Australian National University)H-Index: 24
Interacting quantum systems are difficult to formulate theoretically, but Nikolai Bogoliubov offered a workaround more than 70 years ago that has stood the test of time. Now, correlations that are a crucial feature of his theory have been observed.
#1Brato Chakrabarti (UCSD: University of California, San Diego)H-Index: 5
#2Yanan Liu (Paris Diderot University)H-Index: 2
Last. Anke Lindner (Paris Diderot University)H-Index: 32
view all 8 authors...
#1José Nicolás Orce (Stellenbosch University)
#2S. S. Ntshangase (University of Zululand)H-Index: 6
Having long played the role of collaborators with other, more renowned, institutions, historically disadvantaged South African universities are now challenging the status quo — and emerging as leaders.
#2Jan Rozman (Jožef Stefan Institute)H-Index: 2
Last. Stanislav Y. Shvartsman (Princeton University)H-Index: 48
view all 5 authors...
Clonal dominance arises when the descendants (clones) of one or a few founder cells contribute disproportionally to the final structure during collective growth1–8. In contexts such as bacterial growth, tumorigenesis and stem cell reprogramming2–4, this phenomenon is often attributed to pre-existing propensities for dominance, whereas in stem cell homeostasis, neutral drift dynamics are invoked5,6. The mechanistic origin of clonal dominance during development, where it is increasingly documented...
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