Internal Medicine
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#1Masaru Yanagihashi (Toho University)H-Index: 6
#2Tatsuki Sugisawa (Toho University)
Last. Osamu Kano (Toho University)H-Index: 13
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Objective The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has resulted in a shortage of medical resources, including ventilators, personal protective equipment, medical staff, and hospital beds. We investigated the impact of COVID-19 in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) patients, their families, caregivers, and medical experts. Methods We conducted a nationwide ALS webinar about COVID-19 in May 2020 and sent a questionnaire to those enrolled. Results A total of 135 participants (31 ALS patien...
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#1Koichiro Yamamoto (Okayama University)
#2Kosuke Oka (Okayama University)H-Index: 2
Last. Fumio Otsuka (Okayama University)H-Index: 35
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#1Taiji Koyama (Kobe University)H-Index: 1
#2Yohei Funakoshi (Kobe University)H-Index: 11
Last. Hironobu Minami (Kobe University)H-Index: 42
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Treatment with anti-programmed cell death-1 (PD-1) antibodies improves the anti-cancer immune response and can provide a meaningful clinical benefit to cancer patients. However, this treatment can result in specific autoimmune toxicities, termed immune-related adverse events (irAEs). Although irAEs are well recognized, the development of infectious diseases due to this treatment is not often observed. Some recent reports have indicated that patients who receive anti-PD-1 antibodies are at a high...
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#1Noriko Nishimiya (YCU: Yokohama City University)
#2Kazuki Tajima (YCU: Yokohama City University)H-Index: 16
Last. Yasuo Terauchi (YCU: Yokohama City University)H-Index: 63
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Objective We assessed the effect of canagliflozin, an SGLT2 inhibitor, on hepatic steatosis using three imaging modalities: magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), computed tomography, and transient elastography. We further determined factors associated with improving hepatic steatosis by canagliflozin among patients with type 2 diabetes and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Methods We conducted a six-month prospective single-arm study between August 2015 and June 2017. The primary outcome wa...
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#1Yudai TamuraH-Index: 2
#2Kenji Sakata (Kanazawa University)H-Index: 18
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A 79-year-old man with underlying alcoholic liver cirrhosis presented with complaints of a fever, abdominal pain, and difficulty walking. A diagnostic work-up revealed liver atrophy and chylous ascites, and spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) was diagnosed based on the cell and neutrophil counts. The Burkholderia cepacia complex (Bcc) was detected on blood and ascitic fluid cultures. Although broad-spectrum antibiotic therapy was initiated, the infection was difficult to control, and the pat...
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A 52-year-old man experienced sudden-onset global amnesia and left limb ataxia. An embolism of the right anterior cerebral artery resulted in anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) infarction, and working memory dysfunction persisted. The ACC, prefrontal cortex, and bilateral superior parietal lobule exhibited decreased activity on single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT). The ACC handles working memory formation and is essential for the executive function. The areas showing a decreased activ...
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#1Shunsuke Sato (Juntendo University)H-Index: 10
#2Hironori Tsuzura (Juntendo University)H-Index: 6
Last. Takuya Genda (Juntendo University)H-Index: 15
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Direct-acting antiviral (DAA) therapy carries a potential risk of inducing hepatitis B virus (HBV) reactivation. However, the HBV kinetics during and after DAA therapy in patients co-infected with hepatitis C virus (HCV) and HBV remain unknown. We retrospectively evaluated the HBV kinetics during and after sofosbuvir/ribavirin therapy in four HBV inactive carriers co-infected with HCV. HCV was eradicated in all patients. Changes in HBV-DNA levels during treatment differed among patients. The hep...
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#1Yusuke YamabaH-Index: 1
#2Osamu Takakuwa (Nagoya City University)H-Index: 9
Last. Kenji AkitaH-Index: 6
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A 69-year-old woman without pre-existing disease visited our hospital due to general malaise, diarrhea, and arthralgia 3 days after a uterine cancer test. We diagnosed her with sepsis of unknown focus and started treatment immediately, but she died 20 h after the first visit due to multi-organ failure and septic shock. Later, group A streptococcus was detected from the blood culture, and streptococcal toxic shock syndrome (STSS) was diagnosed. The strain had the emm28 genotype and a mutation in ...
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