Chemical Research in Toxicology
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#1Xiaochuan LiuH-Index: 3
#2Jun YuanH-Index: 4
Last. Yinsheng WangH-Index: 61
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Tamoxifen has been used for years for treating estrogen receptor-positive breast cancer; drug resistance, however, constitutes one of the main challenges for this therapy. We found that the protein expression level of ATF3 is significantly higher in tamoxifen-resistant (TamR) MCF-7 cells than the corresponding parental cancer cells. In addition, ATF3 protein expression is positively correlated with the resistance of TamR MCF-7 cells to 4-hydroxytamoxifen (4-OHT). Mechanistically, elevated ATF3 p...
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Tobacco products generally contain tobacco-derived nicotine (TDN; having ∼99+% (S)-(-)-nicotine). Recent United States regulation has led some producers to transition to synthetic ("tobacco-free") nicotine. For example, Puff Bar is now marketed with tobacco-free nicotine (TFN; presumed to be racemic). To evaluate the claim that these new products contain TFN, we evaluated the presence of the two nicotine optical isomers by 1H NMR spectroscopy, polarimetry, and gas chromatography-mass spectrometr...
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#1Yao Zhao (HKUST: Hong Kong University of Science and Technology)
#2Wan Chan (HKUST: Hong Kong University of Science and Technology)H-Index: 23
Humans are constantly exposed to formaldehyde (FA) of both exogenous and endogenous sources, and FA exposure is associated with the development of many human diseases, including cancers. Marker molecules that can provide information on exposure history and amounts will assist disease risk assessment and early interventions. To develop marker signatures of FA exposure, we explored in this study the conjugation reaction of FA with γ-glutamylcysteine (GGC), one of the precursors to glutathione bios...
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#1Lloyd Wei Tat Tang (NUS: National University of Singapore)H-Index: 2
#2Jian Wei Teng (NUS: National University of Singapore)
Last. Eric Chun Yong Chan (NUS: National University of Singapore)H-Index: 37
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Erdafitinib (ERD) is a first-in-class pan inhibitor of fibroblast growth factor receptor 1-4 that has garnered global regulatory approval for the treatment of advanced or metastatic urothelial carcinoma. Although it has been previously reported that ERD elicits time-dependent inhibition (TDI) of cytochrome P450 (P450) 3A4 (CYP3A4), the exact biochemical nature underpinning this observation remains obfuscated. Moreover, it is also uninterrogated if CYP3A5-its highly homologous counterpart-could b...
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#1Patrick W Cervantes (UW: University of Wisconsin-Madison)
#2J. Christopher Corton (EPA: United States Environmental Protection Agency)H-Index: 15
The United States Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA) recently developed a tiered testing strategy to use advances in high-throughput transcriptomics (HTTr) testing to identify molecular targets of thousands of environmental chemicals that can be linked to adverse outcomes. Here, we describe a method that uses a gene expression biomarker to predict chemical activation of heat shock factor 1 (HSF1), a transcription factor critical for proteome maintenance. The HSF1 biomarker was built from t...
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#1Ben-Zhan Zhu (CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 27
#2Miao Tang (CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 3
Last. Jie Shao (CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 9
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Haloquinones (XQs) are a group of carcinogenic intermediates of the haloaromatic environmental pollutants and newly identified chlorination disinfection byproducts (DBPs) in drinking water. The highly reactive hydroxyl radicals/alkoxyl radicals and quinone enoxy/ketoxy radicals were found to arise in XQs and H2O2 or organic hydroperoxides system, independent of transition-metal ions. However, it was not clear whether these haloquinoid carcinogens and hydroperoxides can cause oxidative DNA damage...
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#1Orlando Salinas-Jaramillo (IPN: Instituto Politécnico Nacional)
#2Alejandra Monroy-Arreola (IPN: Instituto Politécnico Nacional)H-Index: 1
Last. Pedro Cortes-Reynosa (CINVESTAV)H-Index: 10
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Cutaneous drug-induced reactions are immune-mediated responses that can lead to life-threatening diseases such as drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS), Stevens-Johnson syndrome, and toxic epidermal necrolysis, collectively known as severe cutaneous adverse reactions (SCARs). Unfortunately, they cannot be predicted during drug development, and, at present, a prognostic biomarker is not available nor are validated in vitro assays for diagnosis. Thus, by using proteomic and...
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#1Ryuji KatoH-Index: 12
#2Yoshio IjiriH-Index: 8
Last. Tetsuya HayashiH-Index: 61
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Amiodarone is a benzofuran derivative used to treat arrhythmias, but its use is limited by adverse reactions. There is evidence that some of the severe adverse reactions such as liver injury and interstitial lung disease are immune-mediated; however, details of the mechanism have not been elucidated. We tested the ability of amiodarone to induce the release of danger-associated molecular patterns (DAMPs) that activate inflammasomes. Human hepatocarcinoma functional liver cell-4 (FLC-4) cells wer...
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#1Young K. CheunH-Index: 1
#2Arnold GroehlerH-Index: 5
Last. Orlando D. Schärer (UNIST: Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology)H-Index: 8
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Nitrogen mustards are a widely used class of antitumor agents that exert their cytotoxic effects through the formation of DNA interstrand cross-links (ICLs). Despite being among the first antitumor agents used, the biological responses to NM ICLs remain only partially understood. We have previously reported the generation of NM ICL mimics by incorporation of ICL precursors into DNA using solid-phase synthesis at defined positions, followed by a double reductive amination reaction. However, the s...
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