Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy
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Abstract UV irradiation exposure may induce photoaging of the skin tissue. Various plant extracts have been recognized as effective protectants against UV-induced damage. Here, a mixture of marigold and rosemary extracts was evaluated for its anti-photoaging effects as a potential nutraceutical product for skin health. Hexane extract of marigold and ethanolic extract of rosemary were prepared, and the formulated mixture was investigated. A UV-induced photoaged mouse model was prepared, and the p...
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In 1918, quinine was used as one of the unscientifically based treatments against the H1N1 virus during the Spanish flu pandemic. Originally, quinine was extracted from the bark of Chinchona trees by South American natives of the Amazon forest, and it has been used to treat fever since the seventeenth century. The recent COVID-19 pandemic caused by Sars-Cov-2 infection has forced researchers to search for ways to prevent and treat this disease. Based on the antiviral potential of two 4-aminoquin...
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#1Stina C.M. Burri (Lund University)H-Index: 3
#2Kajsa Granheimer (Lund University)H-Index: 1
Last. Åsa Håkansson (Lund University)H-Index: 12
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Epidemiological studies have found that there is a correlation between red and processed meat consumption and an increased risk of colorectal cancer. There are numerous existing hypotheses on what underlying mechanisms are causative to this correlation, but the results remain unclear. A common hypothesis is that lipid oxidation, which occurs in endogenous lipids and phospholipids in consumed food, are catalyzed by the heme iron in meat. In this study, five pre-selected plant antioxidant preparat...
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#1Bing-Jie Lu (SHU: Shanghai University)H-Index: 1
#2Chao Wu (SHU: Shanghai University)H-Index: 3
Last. Mingyu Sun (SHU: Shanghai University)H-Index: 17
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Abstract Background and purpose Inflammation has been considered a precipitating event that contributes to neurocognitive dysfunction in minimal hepatic encephalopathy (MHE). Inhibition TLR-4 related inflammation can effectively improve neurocognitive dysfunction of MHE. Our previous study showed that Babao Dan (BBD) effectively inhibited inflammation and ameliorated neurocognitive function in rats with acute hepatic encephalopathy (HE) and chronic HE. The mechanism may lie in the regulation of ...
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#1Zhao Dan (Guida: Guizhou University)
Last. Degang Zhao (Guida: Guizhou University)H-Index: 2
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Abstract Outer membrane protein A (OmpA) of Acinetobacter baumannii (A. baumannii) is associated with autophagy, which plays an important role in its pathogenicity. However, its exact pathophysiological role in the process of lung tissue cell autophagy remains unclear. In this study, animal and cell infection models were established by wild A. baumannii strain and An OmpA knockout mutant (OmpA-/- A. baumannii) strain. The expression levels of markers autophagy, histological change, cell viabilit...
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#1Magdalena Kotańska (Jagiellonian University Medical College)H-Index: 7
#2Małgorzata Szafarz (Jagiellonian University Medical College)H-Index: 6
Last. Katarzyna Kieć-Kononowicz (Jagiellonian University Medical College)H-Index: 26
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Abstract A2B adenosine receptors are present in a wide spectrum of tissues, especially on cells of the immune system. Since these particular receptors have the lowest, of all adenosine receptor subtypes, affinity for adenosine they are believed to play a special role in immunological processes associated with elevated adenosine levels such as inflammation. The aim of this preliminary study was to determine the potential anti-inflammatory properties of compound PSB-603, a potent and selective ade...
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#1Lin Chen (Shaanxi University of Chinese Medicine)H-Index: 1
#2Yan-Ru Liu (Shaanxi University of Chinese Medicine)H-Index: 2
Last. Yang Ningjuan (Shaanxi University of Chinese Medicine)
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Hypericum perforatum L. (HP), a well-known natural medicine, has a potential effect on menopausal hypercholesterolemia. However, the effect of HP extract on gut microbiota and related metabolites, which play vital roles in metabolic disease occurrence, in the context of estrogen deficiency have not yet been reported. The aims of the present study were to investigate the effects of HP extract on gut microbial composition and related metabolite profiles in ovariectomized (OVX) rats and reveal the ...
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#1Xiaoling Zhang (YZU: Yangzhou University)H-Index: 1
#2Xiaoyan Zhang (YZU: Yangzhou University)H-Index: 1
Last. Xiaoqun Ge (YZU: Yangzhou University)H-Index: 1
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Abstract Heat shock proteins (HSPs) are key players to restore cell homeostasis and act as chaperones by assisting the folding and assembly of newly synthesized proteins and preventing protein aggregation. Recently, evidence has been accumulating that HSPs have been proven to have other functions except for the classical molecular chaperoning in that they play an important role in a wider range of fibrotic diseases via modulating cytokine induction and inflammation response, including lung fibro...
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#1Guo Qiong (Ministry of Education)
#2Liying Zhao (JLU: Jilin University)
Last. Wei Shi (JLU: Jilin University)
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Abstract The increasing incidence of gout poses a very challenging management problem. However, the currently available drugs often have various toxic side effects. As a traditional edible and medicinal macrofungus, Sanghuangporus vaninii presents high medical research value. Therefore, to improve fermentation efficiency and identify novel anti-gout drugs, we optimized the culture medium of S. vaninii with lignin and further investigated its anti-gout effects. The results indicated that 0.06 g/L...
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#1Iñaki Robles-Vera (UGR: University of Granada)H-Index: 9
#2Néstor de la Visitación (UGR: University of Granada)H-Index: 7
Last. Juan Duarte (UGR: University of Granada)H-Index: 44
view all 8 authors...
Abstract Microbiota has a role in the host blood pressure (BP) regulation. The immunosuppressive drug mofetil mycophenolate (MMF) ameliorates hypertension. The present study analyzes whether MMF improves dysbiosis in a genetic model of hypertension. Twenty weeks old male spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and Wistar Kyoto rats (WKY) were randomly divided into three groups: untreated WKY, untreated SHR, and SHR treated with MMF for 5 weeks. MMF treatment restored gut bacteria from the phyla Fi...
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Chemistry
Apoptosis
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