Accounts of Chemical Research
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22.38
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ConspectusEven after being in business for at least the last 100 years, research into the field of (heterogeneous) catalysis is still vibrant, both in academia and in industry. One of the reasons for this is that around 90% of all chemicals and materials used in everyday life are produced employing catalysis. In 2020, the global catalyst market size reached $35 billion, and it is still steadily increasing every year. Additionally, catalysts will be the driving force behind the transition toward ...
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#1Giyun KwonH-Index: 9
#2Youngmin KoH-Index: 17
Last. Kisuk KangH-Index: 98
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ConspectusWith the ever-increasing demand on energy storage systems and subsequent mass production, there is an urgent need for the development of batteries with not only improved electrochemical performance but also better sustainability-related features such as environmental friendliness and low production cost. To date, transition metals that are sparse have been centrally employed in energy storage devices ranging from portable lithium ion batteries (e.g., cobalt and nickel) to large-scale r...
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#1Chang Wang (OSU: Ohio State University)H-Index: 1
#2Yuebao Zhang (OSU: Ohio State University)H-Index: 2
Last. Yizhou Dong (OSU: Ohio State University)H-Index: 31
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ConspectusAfter decades of extensive fundamental studies and clinical trials, lipid nanoparticles (LNPs) have demonstrated effective mRNA delivery such as the Moderna and Pfizer-BioNTech vaccines fighting against COVID-19. Moreover, researchers and clinicians have been investigating mRNA therapeutics for a variety of therapeutic indications including protein replacement therapy, genome editing, and cancer immunotherapy. To realize these therapeutics in the clinic, there are many formidable chall...
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#1Pauline J. Ollitrault (IBM)H-Index: 9
#2Alexander Miessen (IBM)H-Index: 1
Last. Ivano Tavernelli (IBM)H-Index: 62
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ConspectusSimulating molecular dynamics (MD) within a comprehensive quantum framework has been a long-standing challenge in computational chemistry. An exponential scaling of computational cost renders solving the time dependent Schrodinger equation (TDSE) of a molecular Hamiltonian, including both electronic and nuclear degrees of freedom (DOFs), as well as their couplings, infeasible for more than a few DOFs. In the Born-Oppenheimer (BO), or adiabatic, picture, electronic and nuclear parts of ...
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#1Guo-Jie Wu (CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 2
#2Dong-Xing Tan (CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 4
Last. Fu‐She Han (CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 26
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ConspectusIn the total synthesis of natural products, synthetic efficiency has been an important driver for designing and developing new synthetic strategies and methodologies. To this end, the step, atom, and time economy and the overall yield are major factors to be considered. On the other hand, developing unified routes that can be used for synthesizing multiple molecules, specifically skeletally different classes of molecules, are also important aspects with which to be concerned. In the ef...
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#1Amol P. Jadhav (SKKU: Sungkyunkwan University)H-Index: 1
#2Sang Yeon Park (SKKU: Sungkyunkwan University)H-Index: 5
Last. Choong Eui Song (SKKU: Sungkyunkwan University)H-Index: 56
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ConspectusAsymmetric cation-binding catalysis in principle enables the use of (alkali) metal salts, otherwise insoluble in organic solvents, as reagents and effectors in enantioselective reactions. However, this concept has been a formidable challenge due to the difficulties associated with creating a highly organized chiral environment for cations and anions simultaneously. Over the last four decades, various chiral crown ethers have been developed as cation-binding phase-transfer catalysts and...
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ConspectusIon-containing solid block polymer (BP) electrolytes can self-assemble into microphase-separated domains to facilitate the independent optimization of ion conduction and mechanical stability; this assembly behavior has the potential to improve the functionality and safety of lithium-ion batteries over liquid electrolytes to meet future demands (e.g., large capacities and long lifetimes) in various applications. However, significant enhancements in the ionic conductivity and processabil...
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#1Daniel H. Ess (BYU: Brigham Young University)H-Index: 45
ConspectusHomogeneous metal-mediated organometallic reactions represent a very large and diverse reaction class. Density functional theory calculations are now routinely carried out and reported for analyzing organometallic mechanisms and reaction pathways. While density functional theory calculations are extremely powerful to understand the energy and structure of organometallic reactions, there are several assumptions in their use and interpretation to define reaction mechanisms and to analyze...
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#1Yun Li (Collège de France)H-Index: 7
#2Maria Gómez-Mingot (Collège de France)H-Index: 17
Last. Marc Fontecave (Collège de France)H-Index: 101
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ConspectusWhile developed in a number of directions, bioinspired catalysis has been explored only very recently for CO2 reduction, a challenging reaction of prime importance in the context of the energetic transition to be built up. This approach is particularly relevant because nature teaches us that CO2 reduction is possible, with low overpotentials, high rates, and large selectivity, and gives us unique clues to design and discover new interesting molecular catalysts. Indeed, on the basis of ...
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#1Satyajit Roy (Discovery Centre)H-Index: 6
#2Sandip Kumar Das (Discovery Centre)H-Index: 6
Last. Buddhadeb Chattopadhyay (Discovery Centre)H-Index: 23
view all 5 authors...
ConspectusThe pursuit for the discovery of new and powerful synthetic methods to access high-value N-heterocycles has been at the forefront of organic chemistry research for more than a century. Considering the importance of N-scaffolds in modern science, over the past few decades, great research efforts have been made to develop efficient synthetic methods for the construction of nitrogen-rich molecules. Among many efforts, transition metal catalyzed denitrogenative annulation reaction has emer...
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