Gastroenterology Research and Practice
Papers 2059
1 page of 206 pages (2,059 results)
Background. Pancreatic carcinoma is a malignant tumor with a high fatality rate, and the increased resistance of pancreatic carcinoma to chemotherapy has become a difficult problem in clinical practice. Hence, it is imperative to develop an effective treatment for pancreatic cancer. Sestrins are a class of stress-induced proteins that have antioxidation functions, regulating cell growth and metabolism. Curcumin is a natural pigment isolated from turmeric. Several studies have also suggested that...
Background. Peptic ulcer disease (PUD) remains one of the most prevalent gastrointestinal diseases and has been linked to Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection. This condition may be suspected on clinical grounds, but diagnosis is established using upper gastrointestinal endoscopy. Aims. To determine the correlation between the endoscopic and pathological findings among suspected PUD patients who have been referred for diagnostic upper gastrointestinal endoscopy in National Hospital Abuja. M...
#1Xiaoliang Xu (Binzhou University)H-Index: 1
#2Guojian Ding (Binzhou University)H-Index: 2
Last. Lei Geng (Binzhou University)H-Index: 2
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Objective. To evaluate the safety and reliability of a novel technique of single-port laparoscopic-assisted percutaneous precise closure of the inguinal hernia sac in children. Methods. From September 2016 through September 2019, children with inguinal hernia(s) treated with single-port laparoscopic-assisted percutaneous extraperitoneal closure using a guide wire were enrolled in this study. Operative time, surgical complications, recurrence rate, and cosmetic results were collected. Results. A ...
#1Raju Bhandari (TU: Tribhuvan University)H-Index: 2
#2Krishna Sapkota (Government of Nepal)
Last. Ramesh Singh Bhandari (TU: Tribhuvan University)H-Index: 6
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Background. Acute pancreatitis (AP) is associated with extensive fluid sequestration. The aim of this study was to determine association of fluid sequestration at 48 hours after hospital admission (FS48) in AP patients with demographics, clinical parameters, and outcomes of AP. Methods. A prospective observational study was carried out on all adult patients with AP admitted to Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital, Nepal, from January to September 2017. FS48 was calculated as the difference bet...
#1Katarzyna Bąk-Drabik (Medical University of Silesia)H-Index: 2
#2Piotr Adamczyk (Medical University of Silesia)H-Index: 13
Last. Jarosław Kwiecień (Medical University of Silesia)H-Index: 9
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Introduction Thiopurines, such as azathioprine (AZA) and 6-mercaptopurine (6-MP), are immunomodulatory agents, used for the maintenance of remission in children with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)-Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC), as well as with autoimmunological hepatitis (AIH). Measurements of thiopurine metabolites may allow identifying patients at risk for toxicity and nonadherence. It can also provide an explanation for the ineffectiveness of the treatment, observed in so...
#1Xuemei Tang (Fudan University)H-Index: 1
#2Haoyu Ruan (Fudan University)H-Index: 3
Last. Ming Guan (Fudan University)H-Index: 20
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lncRNA is a key epigenetic regulator in biological processes. In the human cancer transcriptome library MiTranscriptome, we identified GAU1 as the top upregulated lncRNA in colorectal cancer (CRC) by sample set enrichment analysis (overexpression ranking percentile = 99.75%, P < 10-50), which is coexpressed with the potential oncogene GALNT8 (Spearman rho = 0.67, P = 2.44 × 10-23, TCGA dataset n = 184). Experimental data revealed that GAU1 regulates the expression of GALNT8. The overexpression o...
#5Hui Qian (Jiangsu University)H-Index: 56
#6Wenrong Xu (Jiangsu University)H-Index: 59
Circular RNA CDR1as has been demonstrated to participate in various cancer progressions as miRNA sponges. The exact underlying mechanisms of CDR1as on gastric cancer (GC) metastasis remain unknown. Here, we found that CDR1as knockdown facilitated GC cell migration and invasion while its overexpression inhibited the migration and invasion abilities of GC cells in vitro and in vivo. Moreover, epithelial-mesenchymal transition- (EMT-) associated proteins and MMP2 and MMP9 were downregulated by CDR1...
Aim. Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a multifactorial functional bowel disorder characterized by disruption of the intestinal barrier. Circulating exosomal microRNAs (miRNAs) are involved in regulating epithelial barrier function, and upregulation of miR-148b-5p has been detected in IBS. However, whether exosomal miR-148-5p is involved in the IBS pathogenesis remains unclear. This study was aimed at investigating the relationship of exosomal miR-148-5p with colonic epithelial permeability. Met...
#1Jin-Seok Park (Inha University)H-Index: 14
#2Seok Jeong (Inha University)H-Index: 46
Last. Don Haeng LeeH-Index: 32
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Background and Aim. Needle-knife sphincterotomy (NKS) is currently recommended as the second option in cases of difficult cannulation due to its potential higher adverse event rate. However, the clinical outcomes of NKS have not been evaluated as thoroughly as those of the primary cannulation technique. The aim of the current study was to investigate the feasibility, efficacy, and safety of NKS when used for primary access in patients at high risk of developing postendoscopic retrograde cholangi...
#1Yinghui Song (Hunan Normal University)H-Index: 3
#2Guoguang Li (Hunan Normal University)
Last. Sulai Liu (Hunan Normal University)H-Index: 6
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Objective. To explore the safety and efficacy of small incision combined with nephroscope surgery in the treatment of infectious pancreatic necrosis. Methods. A retrospective analysis of the clinical data of 37 patients with infectious pancreatic necrosis who underwent small incision combined with nephroscopy in the Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery of Hunan Provincial People’s Hospital from January 2018 to December 2019. Results. All 37 patients successfully completed small incision combined ...
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Diabetes mellitus