Journal of Experimental Social Psychology
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Papers 3914
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Abstract null null People of all genders regularly pursue both personal and professional objectives. To the latter, research has documented substantial barriers for women, especially when they make mistakes. As articulated by role congruity theory, their stereotypically communal nature appears at odds with the agentic objectives frequently seen as inherent to the workplace. To the former, though, how are women (versus men) evaluated in pursuit of communal objectives? We propose that observers ar...
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#1Hao Chen (SYSU: Sun Yat-sen University)
#2Xijing Wang (HKU: University of Hong Kong)H-Index: 4
Last. Ana Guinote (ISCTE-IUL: ISCTE – University Institute of Lisbon)H-Index: 22
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Abstract null null Compared to loose cultures, tight cultures are characterized by stronger norm adherence and sanctioning of norm deviant behavior. In the current research, we proposed that culture tightness (vs. looseness) triggers a desire for physical formidability (being big and muscular), and interpersonal dominance. Fives studies converged to support our hypotheses. Through the analysis of archival data of over 1.6 million American residents, Study 1 showed that compared to those in loose...
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#1Cydney H. Dupree (Yale University)H-Index: 7
#2Brittany Torrez (Yale University)H-Index: 4
Abstract null null Prior work suggests that high-status group members are favored for hierarchy-maintaining roles, while low-status group members are favored for hierarchy-attenuating ones—but the mechanisms driving this phenomenon are largely unknown. The current work examines this phenomenon in the domain of race, testing three potential mechanisms: role status, representativeness, and hierarchy profiling. According to a role status account, hierarchy-maintaining roles are seen as higher-statu...
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#1S. AtwoodH-Index: 2
Last. Jordan Axt (McGill University)H-Index: 13
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Abstract This research examines attitudes towards androgyny using a novel Implicit Association Test (IAT) that assesses implicit evaluations of gender conforming people (i.e., those who look stereotypically male or female) vs. androgynous people (i.e., those whose appearance includes a combination of masculine and feminine traits). Over 6 studies (N > 6000), we develop a gender expression IAT and present evidence for its internal validity and incremental predictive validity with relevant psychos...
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#1Simone Tang (Cornell University)H-Index: 4
#2Kurt Gray (UNC: University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill)H-Index: 32
Abstract Organizations—especially small businesses—are vulnerable to social and economic upheaval. When misfortune befalls organizations, how much do we empathize with them? Here we present a framework for understanding the causes, mechanisms, and consequences of empathy for organizations. One key cause of empathy is framing: Although any organization is comprised of its constituent members, six studies find that the members frame (“members comprising an organization”) evokes more empathy than t...
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#1RandyJ. McCarthy (NIU: Northern Illinois University)
#2Alison K. Rivers (NIU: Northern Illinois University)H-Index: 1
Last. Jennifer M. Erickson (NIU: Northern Illinois University)H-Index: 1
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Abstract Aggressive behaviors occur when one person, a perpetrator, intentionally harms another person, a victim (e.g., Parrott & Giancola, 2007). When reporting their judgments, victims often report the aggressive behaviors as being more harmful than perpetrators—a so-called victim-perpetrator asymmetry. This asymmetry is well-established (Baumeister et al., 1990; Elshout et al., 2017; Ent & Parton, 2019; McCarthy & Rivers, 2021); however, there is little empirical evidence that experimentally ...
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#1Alexandra Vázquez (UNED: National University of Distance Education)H-Index: 16
#2Aitor Larzabal-Fernandez (Pontificia Universidad Católica del Ecuador)H-Index: 2
Last. David Lois (UNED: National University of Distance Education)H-Index: 5
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Abstract Men appear to be more sceptical towards climate change and less pro-environmental than women. On the other hand, priming certain values (e.g., wealth) undermines support for pro-environmental behaviours. Based on these findings, we explored whether situational materialism may amplify the differences between women and men in scepticism towards climate change. In three experiments we presented participants with either images portraying luxury consumption or neutral images, and then we mea...
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Abstract null null Although researchers strive to optimize support exchanges, support providers' experiences have largely been overlooked. To identify optimal support from the perspective of the support provider, the current research compared support providers' perceptions of touch and verbal support provision. In Experiment 1, participants were less stressed when they imagined their spouses requesting touch support (versus verbal support). This effect was explained by support providers' percept...
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#1Zachary Horne (Edin.: University of Edinburgh)H-Index: 9
Abstract null null What causes people to change their beliefs about right and wrong? Coherence-based interventions can change people's moral beliefs about abstract moral principles (Holyoak & Powell, 2016), but it is unclear whether these interventions would be similarly effective for everyday moral beliefs that can impact routine behavior. In the present research, we examined whether coherence-based “memes” highlighting the moral similarities of pigs and dogs can shift moral beliefs about consu...
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Developmental psychology
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Cognitive psychology
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Social cognition