Journal of Experimental Social Psychology
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3812
Papers 3947
1 page of 395 pages (3,947 results)
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#1RandyJ. McCarthy (NIU: Northern Illinois University)
#2Alison K. Rivers (NIU: Northern Illinois University)
Last. Jennifer M. Erickson (NIU: Northern Illinois University)H-Index: 1
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Abstract Aggressive behaviors occur when one person, a perpetrator, intentionally harms another person, a victim (e.g., Parrott & Giancola, 2007). When reporting their judgments, victims often report the aggressive behaviors as being more harmful than perpetrators—a so-called victim-perpetrator asymmetry. This asymmetry is well-established (Baumeister et al., 1990; Elshout et al., 2017; Ent & Parton, 2019; McCarthy & Rivers, 2021); however, there is little empirical evidence that experimentally ...
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#1Alexandra Vázquez (UNED: National University of Distance Education)H-Index: 14
#2Aitor Larzabal-Fernandez (Pontificia Universidad Católica del Ecuador)H-Index: 1
Last. David Lois (UNED: National University of Distance Education)H-Index: 5
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Abstract Men appear to be more sceptical towards climate change and less pro-environmental than women. On the other hand, priming certain values (e.g., wealth) undermines support for pro-environmental behaviours. Based on these findings, we explored whether situational materialism may amplify the differences between women and men in scepticism towards climate change. In three experiments we presented participants with either images portraying luxury consumption or neutral images, and then we mea...
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#1Ike Silver (UPenn: University of Pennsylvania)H-Index: 3
#2Barbara A. Mellers (UPenn: University of Pennsylvania)H-Index: 44
Last. Philip E. Tetlock (UPenn: University of Pennsylvania)H-Index: 79
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Abstract ‘Crowd wisdom’ refers to the surprising accuracy that can be attained by averaging judgments from independent individuals. However, independence is unusual; people often discuss and collaborate in groups. When does group interaction improve vs. degrade judgment accuracy relative to averaging the group's initial, independent answers? Two large laboratory studies explored the effects of 969 face-to-face discussions on the judgment accuracy of 211 teams facing a range of numeric estimation...
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#1Farid Anvari (TU/e: Eindhoven University of Technology)H-Index: 4
#2Daniel Lakens (TU/e: Eindhoven University of Technology)H-Index: 29
Abstract Effect sizes are an important outcome of quantitative research, but few guidelines exist that explain how researchers can determine which effect sizes are meaningful. Psychologists often want to study effects that are large enough to make a difference to people's subjective experience. Thus, subjective experience is one way to gauge the meaningfulness of an effect. We propose and illustrate one method for how to quantify the smallest subjectively experienced difference—the smallest chan...
4 CitationsSource
#1Zaijia Liu (Columbia University)
#2Joel Brockner (Columbia University)H-Index: 56
Last. Michael W. Morris (Columbia University)H-Index: 52
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Abstract Bicultural individuals often must select between different responses to a task implied by their dual identities. When one identity has been situationally primed, one strategy is to assimilate to the situational demand. However, another strategy is contrastive, to express their other identity. This second strategy has been called ethnic affirmation (Yang & Bond, 1980) and cultural contrast (Mok & Morris, 2013). It has been primarily explained as a defense against perceived threat to the ...
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#1Kevin M. Summers (DU: University of Denver)H-Index: 1
#2Jason C. Deska (RyeU: Ryerson University)H-Index: 7
Last. E. Paige Lloyd (DU: University of Denver)H-Index: 6
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Abstract Across 10 experiments (N = 1584), we investigated biases in assumptions about pain sensitivity as an explanation for pain treatment disparities across socioeconomic status (SES). We find that lower-SES individuals are believed to feel less pain than higher-SES individuals (Studies 1a-1c), and this effect persists across target demographics including race (i.e., White individuals, Black individuals) and gender (i.e., men, women; Studies 2–3). Next, we examined two potential mechanisms un...
1 CitationsSource
#1Aaron Drummond (Massey University)H-Index: 11
#2James D. Sauer (UTAS: University of Tasmania)H-Index: 13
Last. Lauren C. Hall (Massey University)H-Index: 6
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Abstract Immersive Ambulatory Virtual Reality (IA-VR) video games are relatively new and highly immersive. Given speculation that immersion may increase psychological effects of playing games, we examined whether violent IA-VR (cf. flat-screen) games increase aggression. Here, we report the first experimental studies to assess the effects of violent and non-violent IA-VR (cf. flat-screen) games on affect, aggressive cognition, and behavior. In Study 1, 200 participants played violent or non-viol...
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#1Yidan Yin (UCSD: University of California, San Diego)H-Index: 1
#1Yidan Yin (UCSD: University of California, San Diego)
Last. Pamela K. Smith (UCSD: University of California, San Diego)H-Index: 21
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Abstract When does saying no to a helping request hurt a person's influence? Across five studies, when someone was asked for help, saying no had two opposing effects on their actual and perceived influence by increasing their dominance, but decreasing their prestige. The cost of providing help moderated these effects. Overall, refusing to help decreased a person's influence when helping cost little time, effort, or money, compared to both agreeing to help and a control condition. This effect was...
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#1Marcos Francisco dos Santos (UFPB: Federal University of Paraíba)
#2Cícero Roberto Pereira (University of Lisbon)H-Index: 16
Abstract The national inferiority complex was described in 1958 by the Brazilian journalist Nelson Rodrigues as “how Brazilians voluntarily place themselves in a position of inferiority in comparison to the rest of the world.” In three experimental studies, we tested the hypothesis of a “national inferiority effect” on the behavior of Brazilian participants awarding compensation to a victim of police violence. Study 1 varied the skin color (Black vs. White) and cultural origin (Brazilian vs. Afr...
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#1Jordan Axt (McGill University)H-Index: 13
#2David J. Johnson (UMD: University of Maryland, College Park)H-Index: 14
Abstract Past research has documented where discrimination occurs or tested interventions that reduce discrimination. Less is known about how discriminatory behavior emerges and the mechanisms through which successful interventions work. Two studies (N > 4500) apply the Diffusion Decision Model (DDM) to the Judgment Bias Task, a measure of discrimination. In control conditions, participants gave preferential treatment (acceptance to a hypothetical honor society) to physically attractive applican...
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