Cerebral Cortex
Papers 6,782
1 page of 679 pages (6,782 results)
#1Felix Kalbe (UHH: Universität Hamburg)H-Index: 4
#2Lars Schwabe (UHH: Universität Hamburg)H-Index: 45
Prediction errors (PEs) have been known for decades to guide associative learning, but their role in episodic memory formation has been discovered only recently. To identify the neural mechanisms underlying the impact of aversive PEs on long-term memory formation, we used functional magnetic resonance imaging, while participants saw a series of unique stimuli and estimated the probability that an aversive shock would follow. Our behavioral data showed that negative PEs (i.e., omission of an expe...
#1Matthijs Nicolai Oude Lohuis (UvA: University of Amsterdam)H-Index: 3
#2Alexis Cervan Canton (UB: University of Barcelona)
Last. Umberto Olcese (UvA: University of Amsterdam)H-Index: 17
view all 4 authors...
Over the past few years, the various areas that surround the primary visual cortex (V1) in the mouse have been associated with many functions, ranging from higher order visual processing to decision-making. Recently, some studies have shown that higher order visual areas influence the activity of the primary visual cortex, refining its processing capabilities. Here, we studied how in vivo optogenetic inactivation of two higher order visual areas with different functional properties affects respo...
#1Pilyoung Kim (University of Denver)H-Index: 32
#2Haitao Chen (Cedars-Sinai Medical Center)
Last. Wei Gao (Cedars-Sinai Medical Center)H-Index: 33
view all 6 authors...
Mother and infant neural and behavioral synchrony is important for infant development during the first years of life. Recent studies also suggest that neural risk markers associated with parental psychopathology may be transmitted across generations before symptoms emerge in offspring. There is limited understanding of how early similarity in brain functioning between 2 generations emerges. In the current study, using functional magnetic resonance imaging, we examined the functional connectivity...
#1Yuhang Long (BNU: Beijing Normal University)H-Index: 6
#2Chuansheng Chen (UCI: University of California, Irvine)H-Index: 56
Last. Chunming Lu (McGovern Institute for Brain Research)H-Index: 20
view all 9 authors...
Previous studies on dual-brain social interaction have shown different patterns of interpersonal neural synchronization (INS) between conflictual and supportive interactions, but the role of emotion in the dual-brain mechanisms of such interactions is not well understood. Furthermore, little is known about how the dual-brain mechanisms are affected by relationship type (e.g., romantic relationship vs. friendship) and interaction mode (e.g., verbal vs. nonverbal). To elaborate on these issues, th...
#1Yunzhi Pan (UWO: Western University)H-Index: 1
#2Zhening LiuH-Index: 34
Last. Xudong ChenH-Index: 10
view all 7 authors...
The default mode network (DMN) is related to brain functions and its abnormalities were associated with mental disorders' pathophysiology. To further understand the common and distinct DMN alterations across disorders, we capitalized on the probability tracing method and graph theory to analyze the role of DMN across three major mental disorders. A total of 399 participants (156 schizophrenia [SCZ], 90 bipolar disorder [BP], 58 major depression disorder [MDD], and 95 healthy controls [HC]) compl...
#1Dirk Jan Ardesch (VU: VU Amsterdam)H-Index: 5
#2Lianne H. Scholtens (VU: VU Amsterdam)H-Index: 20
Last. Martijn P. van den Heuvel (VU: VU Amsterdam)H-Index: 53
view all 9 authors...
Brains come in many shapes and sizes. Nature has endowed big-brained primate species like humans with a proportionally large cerebral cortex. Comparative studies have suggested, however, that the total volume allocated to white matter connectivity-the brain's infrastructure for long-range interregional communication-does not keep pace with the cortex. We investigated the consequences of this allometric scaling on brain connectivity and network organization. We collated structural and diffusion m...
#1Johannes Algermissen (Radboud University Nijmegen)H-Index: 3
#2Jennifer C. Swart (Radboud University Nijmegen)H-Index: 6
Last. Hanneke E. M. den Ouden (Radboud University Nijmegen)H-Index: 20
view all 5 authors...
Action selection is biased by the valence of anticipated outcomes. To assess mechanisms by which these motivational biases are expressed and controlled, we measured simultaneous EEG-fMRI during a motivational Go/NoGo learning task (N = 36), leveraging the temporal resolution of EEG and subcortical access of fMRI. VmPFC BOLD encoded cue valence, importantly predicting trial-by-trial valence-driven response speed differences and EEG theta power around cue onset. In contrast, striatal BOLD encoded ...
#1Didhiti Mukherjee (JHU: Johns Hopkins University)H-Index: 5
#2Xiangying Meng (JHU: Johns Hopkins University)H-Index: 1
Last. Patrick O. Kanold (JHU: Johns Hopkins University)H-Index: 34
view all 4 authors...
Sensory deprivation from the periphery impacts cortical development. Otoferlin deficiency leads to impaired cochlear synaptic transmission and is associated with progressive hearing loss in adults. However, it remains elusive how sensory deprivation due to otoferlin deficiency impacts the early development of the auditory cortex (ACX) especially before the onset of low threshold hearing. To test that, we performed in vivo imaging of the ACX in awake mice lacking otoferlin (Otof-/-) during the fi...
#1Mari Tervaniemi (UH: University of Helsinki)H-Index: 57
#2Vesa Putkinen (University of Turku)H-Index: 14
Last. Sha Tao (McGovern Institute for Brain Research)H-Index: 10
view all 10 authors...
In adults, music and speech share many neurocognitive functions, but how do they interact in a developing brain? We compared the effects of music and foreign language training on auditory neurocognition in Chinese children aged 8-11 years. We delivered group-based training programs in music and foreign language using a randomized controlled trial. A passive control group was also included. Before and after these year-long extracurricular programs, auditory event-related potentials were recorded ...
#1Rong Li (UESTC: University of Electronic Science and Technology of China)H-Index: 12
#2Jiale Yang (UESTC: University of Electronic Science and Technology of China)H-Index: 2
Last. Huafu Chen (UESTC: University of Electronic Science and Technology of China)H-Index: 42
view all 15 authors...
Emotion dysregulation is one of the core features of major depressive disorder (MDD). However, most studies in depression have focused on unimodal emotion processing, whereas emotional perception in daily life is highly dependent on multimodal sensory inputs. Here, we proposed a novel multilevel discriminative framework to identify the altered neural patterns in processing audiovisual emotion in MDD. Seventy-four participants underwent an audiovisual emotional task functional magnetic resonance ...
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