International Journal of Molecular Sciences
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#1Rina Aharoni (Weizmann Institute of Science)H-Index: 32
#2Raya Eilam (Weizmann Institute of Science)H-Index: 37
Last. Ruth Arnon (Weizmann Institute of Science)H-Index: 81
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In multiple sclerosis (MS), astrocytes respond to the inflammatory stimulation with an early robust process of morphological, transcriptional, biochemical, and functional remodeling. Recent studies utilizing novel technologies in samples from MS patients, and in an animal model of MS, experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), exposed the detrimental and the beneficial, in part contradictory, functions of this heterogeneous cell population. In this review, we summarize the various roles of...
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#1Sviatlana Kalinina (University of Ulm)H-Index: 5
#2Christian Freymueller (LMU: Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich)
Last. Angelika Rueck (University of Ulm)H-Index: 6
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Metabolic FLIM (fluorescence lifetime imaging) is used to image bioenergetic status in cells and tissue. Whereas an attribution of the fluorescence lifetime of coenzymes as an indicator for cell metabolism is mainly accepted, it is debated whether this is valid for the redox state of cells. In this regard, an innovative algorithm using the lifetime characteristics of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (phosphate) (NAD(P)H) and flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD) to calculate the fluorescence lifeti...
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#1Yu Cheng (Sewanee: The University of the South)H-Index: 3
#2Pavlina Vechtova (Sewanee: The University of the South)H-Index: 3
Last. Otomar Linhart (Sewanee: The University of the South)H-Index: 32
view all 14 authors...
The purpose of the current study was to analyze phenotypic and functional characteristics of common carp (Cyprinus carpio) spermatozoa during in vitro aging and to investigate whether global DNA methylation is affected by sperm aging. Milt was collected from five individual males, stored in vitro on ice in a refrigerator for up to 96 h post stripping (HPS) and used to fertilize eggs with intervals of 1, 24 and 96 h. Computer-assisted sperm analysis and a S3e Cell Sorter was employed to determine...
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Human umbilical cord blood (UCB) represents a valuable source of hematopoietic stem cells, particularly for patients lacking a matching donor. UCB provides practical advantages, including a lower risk of graft-versus-host-disease and permissive human leukocyte antigen mismatching. These advantageous properties have so far been applied for stem cell, mesenchymal stromal cell, and chimeric antigen receptor T cell therapies. However, UCB-derived professional antigen-presenting cells are increasingl...
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#1Chiara Luise (MLU: Martin Luther University of Halle-Wittenberg)H-Index: 3
#2Dina Robaa (MLU: Martin Luther University of Halle-Wittenberg)H-Index: 17
Last. Wolfgang Sippl (MLU: Martin Luther University of Halle-Wittenberg)H-Index: 58
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The chromatin reader protein Spindlin1 plays an important role in epigenetic regulation, through which it has been linked to several types of malignant tumors. In the current work, we report on the development of novel analogs of the previously published lead inhibitor A366. In an effort to improve the activity and explore the structure-activity relationship (SAR), a series of 21 derivatives was synthesized, tested in vitro, and investigated by means of molecular modeling tools. Docking studies ...
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#1Manuela Loi (UNIBO: University of Bologna)H-Index: 5
#2Laura Gennaccaro (UNIBO: University of Bologna)H-Index: 7
Last. Elisabetta Ciani (UNIBO: University of Bologna)H-Index: 37
view all 11 authors...
Mutations in the X-linked cyclin-dependent kinase-like 5 (CDKL5) gene cause a rare neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by early-onset seizures and severe cognitive, motor, and visual impairments. To date there are no therapies for CDKL5 deficiency disorder (CDD). In view of the severity of the neurological phenotype of CDD patients it is widely assumed that CDKL5 may influence the activity of a variety of cellular pathways, suggesting that an approach aimed at targeting multiple cellular p...
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#1Peipei Guan (Northeastern University (China))H-Index: 10
#2Long-Long Cao (Northeastern University (China))H-Index: 4
Last. Pu Wang (Northeastern University (China))H-Index: 17
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Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative disease with a high incidence rate. The main pathological features of AD are β-amyloid plaques (APs), which are formed by β-amyloid protein (Aβ) deposition, and neurofibrillary tangles (NFTs), which are formed by the excessive phosphorylation of the tau protein. Although a series of studies have shown that the accumulation of metal ions, including calcium ions (Ca2+), can promote the formation of APs and NFTs, there is no systematic review of the m...
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#1Emine Alarçin (Marmara University)H-Index: 8
#2Ayça Bal-OzturkH-Index: 2
Last. Meltem Avci-AdaliH-Index: 17
view all 9 authors...
Traumatic injuries, tumor resections, and degenerative diseases can damage skeletal muscle and lead to functional impairment and severe disability. Skeletal muscle regeneration is a complex process that depends on various cell types, signaling molecules, architectural cues, and physicochemical properties to be successful. To promote muscle repair and regeneration, various strategies for skeletal muscle tissue engineering have been developed in the last decades. However, there is still a high dem...
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#1Ivan Gushchin (MIPT: Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology)H-Index: 16
#2Vladimir A. Aleksenko (MIPT: Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology)H-Index: 1
Last. Valentin Gordeliy (MIPT: Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology)H-Index: 26
view all 8 authors...
Under anaerobic conditions, bacteria may utilize nitrates and nitrites as electron acceptors. Sensitivity to nitrous compounds is achieved via several mechanisms, some of which rely on sensor histidine kinases (HKs). The best studied nitrate- and nitrite-sensing HKs (NSHKs) are NarQ and NarX from Escherichia coli. Here, we review the function of NSHKs, analyze their natural diversity, and describe the available structural information. In particular, we show that around 6000 different NSHK sequen...
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#1Sandra K Becker (FU: Free University of Berlin)
#2Gerhard Sponder (FU: Free University of Berlin)H-Index: 13
Last. Jörg R. Aschenbach (FU: Free University of Berlin)H-Index: 28
view all 6 authors...
At the onset of lactation, dairy cows suffer from insulin resistance, insulin deficiency or both, similar to human diabetes, resulting in lipolysis, ketosis and fatty liver. This work explored the combined effects of different levels of magnesium (0.1, 0.3, 1 and 3 mM) and insulin (25, 250 and 25,000 pM) on metabolic pathways and the expression of magnesium-responsive genes in a bovine adipocyte model. Magnesium starvation (0.1 mM) and low insulin (25 pM) independently decreased or tended to dec...
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