Cancer Letters
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#1Jinghui Hu (Binzhou University)
#2Zhenxin Guan (Binzhou University)
Last. Jing Chen (Binzhou University)
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Abstract null null A characteristic feature of solid tumors is their low oxygen tension, which confers resistance to radiotherapy, photodynamic therapy, and chemotherapy. Therefore, to improve treatment outcomes, it is critical to develop biomaterials capable of targeted modulation of oxygen levels in tumors. In this review, we summarize four types of oxygen-modulating biomaterials, namely, oxygen-carrying biomaterials to deliver oxygen into tumors (e.g., perfluorocarbon and hemoglobin), oxygen-...
#1Jeong-Mi Lee (SNU: Seoul National University)H-Index: 3
#2Kwangsoo Shin (SNU: Seoul National University)H-Index: 22
Last. Chang-Yuil Kang (SNU: Seoul National University)H-Index: 37
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Abstract null null Understanding the rationale of combining immunotherapy and other anticancer treatment modalities is of great interest because of interpatient variability in single-agent immunotherapy. Here, we demonstrated that topoisomerase I inhibitors, a class of chemotherapeutic drugs, can alter the tumor immune landscape, corroborating their antitumor effects combined with immunotherapy. We observed that topotecan-conditioned TC-1 tumors were occupied by a vast number of monocytic cells ...
#1Heyu Song (UNMC: University of Nebraska Medical Center)H-Index: 5
#2Shaoyan Xi (SYSU: Sun Yat-sen University)
Last. Don W. Coulter (UNMC: University of Nebraska Medical Center)H-Index: 11
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Abstract null null Medulloblastoma (MB) is a malignant pediatric brain tumor with a poor prognosis. Post-surgical radiation and cisplatin-based chemotherapy have been a mainstay of treatment, which often leads to substantial neurocognitive impairments and morbidity, highlighting the need for a novel therapeutic target to enhance the sensitivity of MB tumors to cytotoxic therapies. We performed a comprehensive study using a cohort of 71 MB patients' samples and pediatric MB cell lines and found t...
#1Xu Mengxiang (ZJU: Zhejiang University)
#2Xinyi Zhao (ZJU: Zhejiang University)H-Index: 3
Last. Ming D. Li (ZJU: Zhejiang University)H-Index: 49
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Abstract null null Although long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) play important roles in tumorigenesis, the underlying mechanisms are unclear. Transcriptomic analysis of 33 hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) samples revealed that the most enriched pathway for differentially expressed genes was related to the cell cycle process, where DDX11-AS1 is the most significant lncRNA. Upregulation of DDX11-AS1 expression through demethylation was significantly associated with a poor prognosis. Further mechanistic s...
#1Maria V. Yusenko (WWU: University of Münster)H-Index: 4
#2Abhiruchi Biyanee (WWU: University of Münster)H-Index: 3
Last. Karl-Heinz Klempnauer (WWU: University of Münster)H-Index: 36
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Abstract null null Studies of the role of MYB in human malignancies have highlighted MYB as a potential drug target for acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC). Although transcription factors are often considered un-druggable, recent work has demonstrated successful targeting of MYB by low molecular weight compounds. This has fueled the notion that inhibition of MYB has potential as a therapeutic approach against MYB-driven malignancies. Here, we have used a MYB reporter ...
#1Jiang Lingling (ZJU: Zhejiang University)
#2Fei Haiyi (ZJU: Zhejiang University)
Last. Songying Zhang (ZJU: Zhejiang University)H-Index: 15
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Abstract null null Postmenopausal women taking estrogen supplements are at a lower risk of advanced colorectal cancer, but the underlying mechanism remains unclear. Thus, this study examined the role of estrogen in colorectal cancer. Estrogen receptor expression levels in in situ colorectal cancer tissue from female patients increased significantly, indicating their estrogen sensitivity. Compared with the sham-operated group, the growth of MC38 tumors was enhanced in ovariectomized mice, which w...
#1Oukseub Lee (NU: Northwestern University)H-Index: 11
#2Maarten C. Bosland (UIC: University of Illinois at Chicago)H-Index: 23
Last. J. Julie Kim (NU: Northwestern University)H-Index: 34
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Pharmacological approaches to breast cancer risk-reduction for BRCA1 mutation carriers would provide an alternative to mastectomy. BRCA1-deficiency dysregulates progesterone signaling, promoting tumorigenesis. Selective progesterone receptor (PR) modulators (SPRMs) are therefore candidate prevention agents. However, their efficacy varies in different BRCA1-deficient mouse models. We examined chemopreventive efficacy of telapristone acetate (TPA), ulipristal acetate (UPA) and mifepristone (MFP) i...
#1Hong Hua Yan (Inha University)H-Index: 14
#2Kyung Hee Jung (Inha University)H-Index: 28
Last. Soon-Sun Hong (Inha University)H-Index: 37
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Oncogenic KRASG12D induces neoplastic transformation of pancreatic acinar cells through acinar-to-ductal metaplasia (ADM) and pancreatic intraepithelial neoplasia (PanIN), and drives pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). Angiopoietin-like 4 (ANGPTL4) is known to be involved in the regulation of cancer growth and metastasis. However, whether ANGPTL4 affects KRASG12D-mediated ADM and early PDAC intervention remains unknown. In the current study, we investigated the role of ANGPTL4 in KRASG12D-i...
#1Dianyun Ren (HUST: Huazhong University of Science and Technology)H-Index: 3
#2Yan Sun (HUST: Huazhong University of Science and Technology)H-Index: 3
Last. Heshui Wu (HUST: Huazhong University of Science and Technology)H-Index: 19
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Abstract null null SGLT2 is overexpressed in various cancers, including pancreatic cancer. However, the mechanisms underlying the tumorigenic effects of SGLT2 in pancreatic cancer remain unclear. In this study, we demonstrated that SGLT2 inhibition significantly suppressed the growth of pancreatic cancer cells in vitro and in vivo. RNA sequencing, real-time PCR, and Western blot analyses revealed that SGLT2 silencing or inhibition suppressed Hippo signaling activation by downregulating YAP1 expr...
#1Giuseppa Augello (National Research Council)H-Index: 12
#2Maria Rita Emma (National Research Council)H-Index: 11
Last. Melchiorre Cervello (National Research Council)H-Index: 32
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Abstract null null The multikinase inhibitor sorafenib was the first drug approved by the FDA for treating patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, sorafenib resistance remains a major challenge for improving the effectiveness of HCC treatment. Previously, we identified several genes modulated after sorafenib treatment of human HCC cells, including the stress-inducible nuclear protein 1 (NUPR1) gene. Multiple studies have shown that NUPR1 regulates autophagy, apoptosis, an...
Top fields of study
Molecular biology
Cancer research