Alexandra L. Whittaker
University of Adelaide
WelfareInternal medicineEndocrinologyDevelopmental psychologySurgerySocial statusPsychologyCognitionPolitical scienceIntensive care medicinePersonalityCognitive biasJudgementChemotherapyAnimal Welfare (journal)LegislationSalinePain assessmentSpace (commercial competition)MucositisTest (assessment)Quality (business)EnforcementLaw enforcementAnimal lawChemotherapy inducedAnesthesiaReliability (statistics)Animal welfareAnimal husbandryMedicineLegislatureBiologyGastroenterology
54Publications
11H-index
328Citations
Publications 57
Newest
#1Rochelle Morton (University of Adelaide)H-Index: 2
#2Michelle L. Hebart (University of Adelaide)H-Index: 14
Last. Alexandra L. Whittaker (University of Adelaide)H-Index: 11
view all 3 authors...
Previous research has identified a number of issues arising at all stages of the animal law enforcement process. These issues contribute to an enforcement gap between the written law, as it relates to the penalties laid out in statutes, and the reality of the animal law justice system. This paper identifies and investigates the contributors to this gap. The identified factors discussed are (1) the role of the public in reporting animal cruelty, (2) the ambiguity of the language used in animal we...
6 CitationsSource
#1Lauren C. Chartier (University of Adelaide)H-Index: 3
#2Michelle L. Hebart (University of Adelaide)H-Index: 14
Last. Suzanne Mashtoub (University of Adelaide)H-Index: 7
view all 5 authors...
Behavioural indicators of affective state, including burrowing, clinical scores and the Mouse Grimace Score have not yet been validated in mouse models of chronic gastrointestinal disease. Additionally, a comparison of these methods has not been characterised. This study aimed to determine which behavioural assessment was the optimal indicator of disease, evidenced by correlation with clinically-assessed measures, in an azoxymethane (AOM)/dextran sulphate sodium (DSS) mouse model of colitis-asso...
9 CitationsSource
#1Alexandra L. Whittaker (University of Adelaide)H-Index: 11
#2Debra L. Hickman (IUPUI: Indiana University – Purdue University Indianapolis)H-Index: 11
The use of animal models remains critical in preclinical and translational research. The reliability of the animal models and aspects of their validity is likely key to effective translation of findings to medicine. However, despite considerable uniformity in animal models brought about by control of genetics, there remain a number of social as well as innate and acquired behavioral characteristics of laboratory animals that may impact on research outcomes. These include the effects of strain an...
3 CitationsSource
#1Rochelle MortonH-Index: 2
#2Michelle L. HebartH-Index: 14
Last. Alexandra L. WhittakerH-Index: 11
view all 3 authors...
Source
: Sheep (Ovis aries) are widely used as large animal models in biomedical research. However, current literature on the use of analgesics in sheep generally focuses on an industry or farm level of use. This structured review evaluates use and efficacy of analgesics administered to sheep in a biomedical research setting. Electronic databases were searched with terms related to analgesia in research sheep. After application of exclusion criteria, 29 peer-reviewed publications were evaluated from 19...
4 CitationsSource
#1Rebecca P. George (University of Adelaide)H-Index: 2
#2Gordon S. Howarth (University of Adelaide)H-Index: 50
Last. Alexandra L. Whittaker (University of Adelaide)H-Index: 11
view all 3 authors...
The rat grimace scale (RGS) is a measure of spontaneous pain that evaluates pain response. The ability to characterize pain through a non-invasive method has considerable utility for numerous animal models of disease, including mucositis, a painful, self-limiting side-effect of chemotherapy treatment. Preclinical studies investigating novel therapeutics for mucositis often focus on pathological outcomes and disease severity. These investigations fail to measure pain, in spite of reduction of pai...
2 CitationsSource
8 CitationsSource
#1Amelia L. Benn (University of Adelaide)H-Index: 1
#2David J. McLelland (University of Adelaide)H-Index: 5
Last. Alexandra L. Whittaker (University of Adelaide)H-Index: 11
view all 3 authors...
Reptiles are held at wildlife parks and zoos for display and conservation breeding programs and are increasingly being kept as pets. Reliable indicators of welfare for reptiles need to be identified. Current guidelines for the captive management of reptiles utilize resource-based, rather than animal-based indicators; the latter being a more direct reflection of affective state. In this paper we review the literature on welfare assessment methods in reptiles with a focus on animal-based measures....
16 CitationsSource
#1Rochelle Morton (University of Adelaide)H-Index: 2
#2Michelle L. Hebart (University of Adelaide)H-Index: 14
Last. Alexandra L. Whittaker (University of Adelaide)H-Index: 11
view all 3 authors...
: Animal welfare legislation in South Australia underwent amendments in 2008, where all the maximum penalties for animal welfare offences were doubled. This commitment to increased penalties arguably provides evidence of the legislature's intent with respect to penalties. Studies have speculated that the legislative intent behind the increased penalties is not being reflected in the courts. This interdisciplinary research sought to gain evidence to confirm or disprove these speculations, by quan...
4 CitationsSource
#1Timothy Hugh Barker (University of Adelaide)H-Index: 7
#2Karen L. Kind (University of Adelaide)H-Index: 29
Last. Alexandra L. Whittaker (University of Adelaide)H-Index: 11
view all 5 authors...
Abstract The identification of cognitive bias has become an important measure of animal welfare. Negative cognitive biases develop from a tendency for animals to process novel information pessimistically. Judgment-bias testing is the commonplace methodology to detect cognitive biases. However, concerns with these methods have been frequently-reported; one of which being the discrepancy between male and female cognitive expression. The current study assessed the factors of social status and oestr...
3 CitationsSource