Eva Janssen
Utrecht University
Competence (human resources)Self-efficacyHigher educationFeelingDevelopmental psychologyDemographyPsychosocialPsychologyRisk perceptionCognitionCognitive psychologyN400Semantic memoryPerceptionPsychological interventionSmoking cessationWorryAffect (psychology)Computer scienceCritical thinkingMedicineSocial psychology
35Publications
11H-index
321Citations
Publications 37
Newest
#1Lara M. van Peppen (Erasmus University Medical Center)H-Index: 3
#2Peter P. J. L. Verkoeijen (Avans University of Applied Sciences)H-Index: 22
Last. Tamara van Gog (UU: Utrecht University)H-Index: 64
view all 5 authors...
There is a need for effective methods to teach critical thinking (CT). One instructional method that seems promising is comparing correct and erroneous worked examples (i.e., contrasting examples). The aim of the present study, therefore, was to investigate the effect of contrasting examples on learning and transfer of CT-skills, focusing on avoiding biased reasoning. Students (N = 170) received instructions on CT and avoiding biases in reasoning tasks, followed by: (1) contrasting examples, (2)...
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#1Eva Janssen (UU: Utrecht University)H-Index: 11
#2Samuël B. Velinga (UU: Utrecht University)
Last. Tamara van Gog (UU: Utrecht University)H-Index: 64
view all 4 authors...
Abstract Although it is well established that our thinking can often be biased, the precise cognitive mechanisms underlying these biases are still debated. The present study builds on recent research showing that biased reasoners often seem aware that their reasoning is incorrect; they show signs of conflict detection. One important shortcoming in this research is that the conflict detection effect has only been studied with classic problem-solving tasks, requiring people to make a decision them...
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#1Lara M. van Peppen (EUR: Erasmus University Rotterdam)H-Index: 3
#2Peter P. J. L. Verkoeijen (Avans University of Applied Sciences)H-Index: 22
Last. Tamara van Gog (UU: Utrecht University)H-Index: 64
view all 6 authors...
It is yet unclear which teaching methods are most effective for improving critical thinking (CT) skills and especially for the ability to avoid biased reasoning. Two experiments (laboratory: N = 85...
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#1Yasmina OkanH-Index: 12
#2Eva JanssenH-Index: 11
Last. Erika A. WatersH-Index: 28
view all 4 authors...
Source
#1Lara M. van Peppen (Erasmus University Medical Center)H-Index: 3
#2Peter P. J. L. Verkoeijen (Avans University of Applied Sciences)H-Index: 22
Last. Tamara van Gog (UU: Utrecht University)H-Index: 64
view all 5 authors...
Source
#1Eva Janssen (UU: Utrecht University)H-Index: 11
#2Peter P. J. L. Verkoeijen (Avans University of Applied Sciences)H-Index: 22
Last. Tamara van Gog (UU: Utrecht University)H-Index: 64
view all 6 authors...
Abstract The Actively Open-minded Thinking scale (AOT; Stanovich & West, 2007 ) is a questionnaire that is used to measure the disposition towards rational thinking as a single psychological trait. Yet, despite its frequent use, also in abbreviated form, it is still unclear whether sumscores of the AOT can actually be used to order individuals on their disposition towards actively open-minded thinking and whether the questionnaire can be validly shortened. The present study aimed to obtain a val...
Source
#1Eva Janssen (UU: Utrecht University)H-Index: 11
#2Matthieu T.S. Raoelison (University of Paris)H-Index: 4
Last. Wim De Neys (University of Paris)H-Index: 36
view all 3 authors...
The popular bat-and-ball problem is a relatively simple math riddle on which people are easily biased by intuitive or heuristic thinking. In two studies we tested the impact of a simple but somewhat neglected manipulation - the impact of minimal accuracy feedback - on bat-and-ball performance. Participants solved a total of 15 standard and 15 control versions of the bat-and-ball problem in three consecutive blocks. Half of the participants received accuracy feedback in the intermediate block. Re...
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#1Eva Janssen (UU: Utrecht University)H-Index: 11
#2Wietse Meulendijks (UU: Utrecht University)H-Index: 1
Last. Tamara van Gog (UU: Utrecht University)H-Index: 64
view all 7 authors...
The aim of this study was to identify characteristics that are related to higher education teachers' (N ¼ 263) Cognitive Reflection Test (CRT) performance, which assesses an important aspect of critical thinking (CT), and their attitudes towards teaching CT more generally. Results of a structural equation model showed that a stronger disposition towards effortful thinking, teaching in a more technological domain, and a higher level of education were related to a better CRT performance. Thinking ...
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#1Eva Janssen (UU: Utrecht University)H-Index: 11
#2Tim Mainhard (UU: Utrecht University)H-Index: 14
Last. Tamara van Gog (UU: Utrecht University)H-Index: 64
view all 7 authors...
Abstract Teachers play a crucial role in attaining a major objective of higher education: fostering students’ critical thinking (CT). Yet, little is known about how to foster teachers’ own CT-skills and attitudes towards teaching CT. In a quasi-experimental study (N = 54), we investigated whether a three-session teacher training on (teaching) CT (n = 32) positively affected higher education teachers’ CT-skills and their attitudes towards teaching CT compared to a control condition (n = 22). The ...
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#1Eva Janssen (UM: Maastricht University)H-Index: 11
#2Erika A. Waters (WashU: Washington University in St. Louis)H-Index: 28
AbstractObjective: The role of affectively oriented risk beliefs in explaining health behaviors has not been examined in the context of physical activity or in diverse study populations. We evaluat...
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