Kenneth Savitsky
Williams College
Social perceptionDevelopmental psychologyAttributionSubliminal stimuliPsychologyEgocentrismCognitionCognitive psychologyPerspective (graphical)Group decision-makingTest (assessment)Illusion of transparencyTransparency (behavior)Task (project management)PersuasionSpotlight effectPhenomenonSocial psychologySocial cognitionGroup (mathematics)
Publications 32
#1Kenneth Savitsky (Williams College)H-Index: 19
#2Jeremy Cone (Williams College)H-Index: 9
Last. Richard P. Eibach (UW: University of Waterloo)H-Index: 24
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Abstract The more similar the members of a group are to one another, the less reliable their collective judgments are likely to be. One way for individuals to respond to negative feedback from a group may thus be to adjust their perceptions of the group's homogeneity, enabling them to dismiss the feedback as unreliable. We show that individuals appreciate this logic (Study 1) and that they put it to strategic use by regarding the members of a group as more homogenous when the group judges them n...
1 CitationsSource
#1Jennifer Randall Crosby (Williams College)H-Index: 7
#2Madeline KingH-Index: 1
Last. Kenneth Savitsky (Williams College)H-Index: 19
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Across three studies, members of underrepresented groups felt that they were the center of others’ attention when topics related to their group were discussed, and this experience was accompanied by negative emotions. Black participants reported that they would feel most “in the spotlight” when they were the only Black individual in a class in which the professor drew attention to their group with a provocative comment (Study 1). Black and Latino/Latina (Study 2) and female (Study 3) participant...
10 CitationsSource
#1Kenneth Savitsky (Williams College)H-Index: 19
#2Robert M. Adelman (Williams College)
Last. Justin Kruger (NYU: New York University)H-Index: 26
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Abstract People commonly believe they have contributed more to collaborative tasks than others give them credit for. We distinguish between two types of contributions – additions (such as adding words to a co-authored paper) and deletions (such as removing extraneous words) – and show that individuals are especially prone to receive less credit from others than they believe they deserve when their contributions consist of taking something away rather than adding something. Participants who short...
#1Anna C. Merritt (Stanford University)H-Index: 5
#2Daniel A. Effron (Stanford University)H-Index: 15
Last. Benoît Monin (Stanford University)H-Index: 32
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Abstract Moral credentials establish one's virtue and license one to act in morally disreputable ways with impunity (Monin & Miller, 2001). We propose that when people anticipate doing something morally dubious, they strategically attempt to earn moral credentials. Participants who expected to do something that could appear racist (decline to hire a Black job candidate in Studies 1 and 2, or take a test that might reveal implicit racial bias in Study 3) subsequently sought to establish non-racis...
42 CitationsSource
#1Kenneth Savitsky (Williams College)H-Index: 19
#2Boaz Keysar (U of C: University of Chicago)H-Index: 42
Last. Ashley Swanson (MIT: Massachusetts Institute of Technology)H-Index: 8
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Abstract People commonly believe that they communicate better with close friends than with strangers. We propose, however, that closeness can lead people to overestimate how well they communicate, a phenomenon we term the closeness-communication bias. In one experiment, participants who followed direction of a friend were more likely to make egocentric errors—look at and reach for an object only they could see—than were those who followed direction of a stranger. In two additional experiments, p...
73 CitationsSource
#1Justin Kruger (NYU: New York University)H-Index: 26
#2Kenneth Savitsky (Williams College)H-Index: 19
Prior research has found that people tend to overestimate their relative contribution to joint tasks [e.g., Ross, M., & Sicoly, F. (1979). Egocentric biases in availability and attribution. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 37, 322-336]. The present research investigates one source of this bias, and in doing so, identifies an important moderator of the effect. Three studies demonstrate that when people estimate their relative contribution to collective endeavors they focus on their o...
14 CitationsSource
#1John R. Chambers (UF: University of Florida)H-Index: 19
#2Nicholas EpleyH-Index: 46
Last. Paul D. WindschitlH-Index: 23
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People have more information about them- selves than others do, and this fundamental asymmetry can help to explain why individuals have difficulty accurately intuitinghowtheyappeartootherpeople.Determininghow one appears to observers requires one to utilize public in- formation that is available to observers, but to disregard private information that they do not possess. We report a series of experiments, however, showing that people utilize privately known information about their own past perfo...
30 CitationsSource
People tend to underestimate their ability to feel good when bad things happen to them, and underestimate the speed with which they will make their recovery. These tendencies have been documented in recent research on affective forecasting and are recounted in an excellent and engaging new book.
1 CitationsSource
#2Nicholas EpleyH-Index: 46
Last. Robert A. KachelskiH-Index: 1
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#1Justin Kruger (NYU: New York University)H-Index: 26
#2Kenneth SavitskyH-Index: 19
Prior research has found that people tend to overestimate their relative contributions to joint tasks (e.g., Ross & Sicoly, 1979). In the present research we investigate one of the causes of this bias, and in doing so, identify an important moderator of the effect. In three studies we demonstrate that when people estimate their relative contributions to collective endeavors they focus on their own contributions and give less consideration to the contributions of their collaborators. This can cau...
6 CitationsSource