Composite membranes anchoring phosphotungstic acid by β-cyclodextrins modified halloysite nanotubes

Published on Aug 1, 2021in Polymer Testing3.275
· DOI :10.1016/J.POLYMERTESTING.2021.107246
Shaojian He15
Estimated H-index: 15
(NCEPU: North China Electric Power University),
Yuna Ai (NCEPU: North China Electric Power University)+ 3 AuthorsJun Lin19
Estimated H-index: 19
(NCEPU: North China Electric Power University)
Abstract Anchoring phosphotungstic acid (HPW) on insoluble inorganic fillers is a facile and effective approach to suppress its leakage in the proton exchange membrane. In this work, we introduced β-cyclodextrin (β-CD) on halloysite nanotubes (HNTs) with the aid of polydopamine coating to prepare water-insoluble β-CD-DHNTs, which was dispersed in the SPEEK matrix to anchor HPW. Both HPW and β-CD-DHNTs are well dispersed in the SPEEK matrix because of the hydrogen bonding complexation between [PW12O40]3- and β-CD. For the SPEEK/β-CD-DHNTs/HPW composite membranes, the proton conductivity increased with the increase of HPW content, reaching the maximum of ∼120% increase relative to that of the SPEEK membrane. The HPW immobilized by the β-CD and polydopamine on the nanotubes could provide more active sites, resulting in the construction of more continuous proton transfer pathways. Therefore, as compared to the SPEEK membrane, lower activation energy for the proton transport was observed for the composite membrane, which also exhibited stable proton conductivity during the water immersion test for 30 days.
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