Empathy, Self-control, Callous-Unemotionality, and Delinquency: Unique and Shared Developmental Antecedents.

Published on Feb 12, 2021in Child Psychiatry & Human Development2.35
· DOI :10.1007/S10578-021-01137-2
Magda Javakhishvili3
Estimated H-index: 3
(UK: University of Kentucky),
Alexander T. Vazsonyi52
Estimated H-index: 52
(UK: University of Kentucky)
Source
Abstract
The current investigation tested childhood developmental antecedents of adolescent empathy, self-control, callous-unemotionality, and delinquency, namely difficult temperament, positive socialization experiences, and intelligence; it also tested potential mediation effects of temperament via socialization. Data were collected as part of the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Early Child Care and Youth Development Study, which followed N = 1364 children from birth through 15 years (51% female, 80% European American). Early positive socialization (maternal sensitivity, secure attachment, and quality home environment) and temperament variables were assessed from 1 to 36 months, intelligence at age 9, and self-control, empathy, callous-unemotionality, and delinquency at age 15. Based on structural equation modeling hypothesis tests, early positive socialization positively predicted self-control and empathy, and negatively predicted callous-unemotionality and delinquency. Intelligence uniquely and positively predicted empathy. Difficult infant temperament indirectly predicted each of the four traits through early positive socialization. Important research and practical implications are discussed.
References93
Newest
#1Claudio Sica (UniFI: University of Florence)H-Index: 28
#2Enrica Ciucci (UniFI: University of Florence)H-Index: 11
Last. Christopher J. Patrick (FSU: Florida State University)H-Index: 99
view all 5 authors...
The triarchic model of psychopathy was advanced to reconcile differing historic conceptions of this condition and alternative approaches for assessing it. The current study was undertaken to expand...
Source
#1Paweł Łowicki (University of Warsaw)H-Index: 4
#2Marcin Zajenkowski (University of Warsaw)H-Index: 16
Last. Dimitri van der Linden (EUR: Erasmus University Rotterdam)H-Index: 30
view all 3 authors...
The negative association between cognitive intelligence (CI) and religiosity has been widely studied and is now well documented. In contrast, the role of emotional intelligence (EI) in this context has been poorly investigated thus far. Some available data indicate that EI, unlike CI, correlates positively with religiosity. To date, however, no study has explored the relationship between religiosity and both intelligences simultaneously. In current studies (Ns = 301 and 200), we examined the int...
Source
#1Eric A. Storch (BCM: Baylor College of Medicine)H-Index: 91
Source
#1Emily M. Becker-Haimes (UPenn: University of Pennsylvania)H-Index: 12
#2Alexandra R. Tabachnick (UD: University of Delaware)H-Index: 4
Last. Rinad S. Beidas (Leonard Davis Institute of Health Economics)H-Index: 44
view all 5 authors...
Evidence-based assessment (EBA) is foundational to high-quality mental health care for youth and is a critical component of evidence-based practice delivery, yet is underused in the community. Admi...
Source
#1Jane Kohlhoff (UNSW: University of New South Wales)H-Index: 13
#2Dina Mahmood (Children's Hospital at Westmead)H-Index: 1
Last. Valsamma Eapen (UNSW: University of New South Wales)H-Index: 42
view all 8 authors...
Children with callous–unemotional (CU) traits and children with disorganized attachment patterns are at heightened risk of poor psychological outcomes but little is known about the overlap between these constructs and their unique contributions to conduct problems in early childhood. This study examined associations between CU traits, disorganized attachment, and conduct problem (CP) severity in a sample of clinic-referred toddlers with behavioral problems. Mother–child dyads (n = 56; mean child...
Source
Source
#1Annabelle Frazier (University of Massachusetts Lowell)H-Index: 2
#2Patricia A Ferreira (University of Massachusetts Lowell)H-Index: 1
Last. Joseph E. Gonzales (University of Massachusetts Lowell)H-Index: 6
view all 3 authors...
Across a significant body of research, psychopathy has often been conceptualized as a biologically based malady. In this research, genetic and neurobiological differences have been conceptualized to underlie psychopathy, while affected individuals’ life experiences only influence expressed psychopathic features and their severity. Psychopathy research has largely ignored developmental evidence demonstrating significant influences of environment on both biological and behavioral processes, result...
Source
#1Olga Sanchez De Ribera (University of Cambridge)H-Index: 3
#2Nicholas Kavish (SHSU: Sam Houston State University)H-Index: 6
Last. Brian B. Boutwell (SLU: Saint Louis University)H-Index: 27
view all 4 authors...
Substantial research has investigated the association between intelligence and psychopathic traits. The findings to date have been inconsistent and have not always considered the multidimensional n...
Source
#1Sergio AgnoliH-Index: 14
#2Giacomo Mancini (UNIBO: University of Bologna)H-Index: 11
Last. Elena Trombini (UNIBO: University of Bologna)H-Index: 12
view all 4 authors...
Emotional Awareness (EA) has been defined as the cognitive skill devoted to the identification and description of one’s own and others’ emotional experiences, an ability that has usually been conceptualized along with the development of cognitive intelligence. Despite this, EA has also been deemed a central constituent of Emotional Intelligence (EI), a construct that captures individual differences in how we perceive, communicate, regulate, and understand our own emotions. as well as the emotion...
Source
#1Michael I. Demidenko (UM: University of Michigan)H-Index: 7
#2Edward D. Huntley (UM: University of Michigan)H-Index: 12
Last. Daniel P. Keating (UM: University of Michigan)H-Index: 30
view all 4 authors...
Self-report and cognitive tasks of reward sensitivity and self-regulation have influenced several developmental models that may explain the heightened engagement in risk behaviors during adolescence. Despite some inconsistencies across studies, few studies have explored the convergent, discriminant, and predictive validity of self-report and cognitive measures of these psychological characteristics in adolescence. The present study evaluated the convergent and discriminant validity of self-repor...
Source
Cited By1
Newest
#1Drew E. Winters (University of Colorado Denver)H-Index: 5
Background: Callous-unemotional (CU) traits, a youth antisocial phenotype, are hypothesized to associate with aberrant connectivity (dis-integration) across the salience (SAL), default mode (DMN), and frontoparietal (FPN) networks. However, CU traits have a heterogeneous presentation and previous research has not modeled individual heterogeneity in resting-state connectivity amongst adolescents with CU traits. The present study models individual-specific network maps and examines topological fea...
Source
This website uses cookies.
We use cookies to improve your online experience. By continuing to use our website we assume you agree to the placement of these cookies.
To learn more, you can find in our Privacy Policy.