The role of beauty as currency belief in acceptance of cosmetic surgery and career aspirations among Chinese young women

Published on May 4, 2021in Journal of Social Psychology
· DOI :10.1080/00224545.2020.1842314
Wenjing Wang1
Estimated H-index: 1
(WHU: Wuhan University),
Xiaobing Zheng1
Estimated H-index: 1
(WHU: Wuhan University)
+ 1 AuthorsNian Zhong1
Estimated H-index: 1
(WHU: Wuhan University)
The current study tested the “beauty as currency” hypothesis in the framework of Objectification theory with a sample of Chinese young women. Four hundred and four college women completed a pencil-...
#1Boby Ho-Hong Ching (UM: University of Macau)H-Index: 7
#2Jason Teng Xu (UCSB: University of California, Santa Barbara)H-Index: 3
Abstract Based on objectification theory and the consumer culture impact model, this study examined psychological predictors of cosmetic surgery consideration in 314 Chinese adolescent girls. Path analyses revealed several findings. First, both interpersonal sexual objectification and materialism contributed to internalized appearance ideals, which in turn related to body surveillance, body shame, and facial appearance concerns. Second, the association between materialism and internalized appear...
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#1Theresa Dicke (ACU: Australian Catholic University)H-Index: 18
#2Herbert W. Marsh (University of Oxford)H-Index: 186
Last. Marcus S. Horwood (ACU: Australian Catholic University)H-Index: 2
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School principals world-wide report high levels of strain and attrition resulting in a shortage of qualified principals. It is thus, crucial to identify psychosocial risk factors that reflect principals’ occupational wellbeing. For this purpose, we used the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire (COPSOQ-II), a widely used self-report measure covering multiple psychosocial factors identified by leading occupational stress theories. We evaluated the COPSOQ-II regarding factor structure and longitud...
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#1Roberta Biolcati (UNIBO: University of Bologna)H-Index: 9
#2Rossella Ghigi (UNIBO: University of Bologna)H-Index: 3
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AbstractThe aim of this study is to investigate the role of body dissatisfaction (BD) – conceived here as predicting, predicted and mediating variable – in relation to media influence, body mass index (BMI) and body modification strategies among adolescents, with particular attention to gender differences. Specifically, we investigate, through a multivariated model, the direct and mediated effect of internalization and pressure to conform to aesthetic ideals and BMI on engagement in body modific...
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#1Rachel M. Calogero (UWO: University of Western Ontario)H-Index: 38
#2Tracy L. Tylka (OSU: Ohio State University)H-Index: 51
Last. Andrea Medrano Leger (College of Health Sciences, Bahrain)H-Index: 1
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Abstract This study investigated whether believing beauty is a primary currency for women operates as an antecedent force in the relation between self-objectification and gender activism. Ninety-four ethnically diverse women attending a small liberal arts college in the southeastern United States completed the study questionnaires online for course credit. Preliminary results demonstrated beauty as currency belief, self-objectification, and support for the gender status quo were negatively assoc...
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#1Fei Teng (SCNU: South China Normal University)H-Index: 13
#2Jin You (WHU: Wuhan University)H-Index: 12
Last. Yongqiang Jiang (SCNU: South China Normal University)H-Index: 1
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Previous research on antecedents of women’s self-objectification mainly focuses on situational factors whereas our study examined whether women’s values on materialism would predict their self-objectification and body surveillance in a sample of 218 undergraduate women in south China. Specifically, we proposed that materialism would increase women’s tendency to regard sexual attractiveness as capital for them to gain positive life outcomes (i.e., capitalization of sexual attractiveness, CSA), an...
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#1Danielle Lindner (Stetson University)H-Index: 2
#2Stacey Tantleff-Dunn (Rollins College)H-Index: 26
Given the limitations of existing measures of self-objectification, the purpose of the two studies presented in this article was to develop and validate a new measure of self-objectification, the S...
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#1Amy Slater (University of the West of England)H-Index: 31
#2Emma Halliwell (University of the West of England)H-Index: 30
Last. Emma Gaskin (University of the West of England)H-Index: 2
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In recent years, elements of the modern environment (such as television, Internet, toys and clothes) have been criticized for having an increasingly sexualized or appearance focus, which has been suggested to be detrimental to girls’ development. The current study examined the impact of an appearance-focused Internet game on young girls’ body image and career cognitions and aspirations. Eighty British girls aged 8-9 years were randomly assigned to play an appearance-focused or a non-appearance f...
8 CitationsSource
#1Eleni-Marina Ashikali (University of Sussex)H-Index: 5
#2Helga Dittmar (University of Sussex)H-Index: 50
Last. Susan Ayers (RMIT: RMIT University)H-Index: 52
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International concern has been expressed about advertising for cosmetic surgery (British Association of Aesthetic Plastic Surgeons [BAAPS], 2005, 2008). A recent study showed that exposure to such advertising resulted in a more negative body image and attitudes toward surgery among women living in the UK (Ashikali, Dittmar, & Ayers, 2015). This study investigates the impact of cosmetic surgery advertising on women living in Switzerland, a country with relatively little advertising for cosmetic s...
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#1Fei Teng (SCNU: South China Normal University)H-Index: 13
#2Kai Tak Poon (EUHK: Hong Kong Institute of Education)H-Index: 12
Last. Xue Wang (HKU: University of Hong Kong)H-Index: 2
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Abstract The present research examined the influence of materialism on self-objectification among women. The results provided converging support to the prediction that experimentally priming materialistic belief would increase women's (but not men's) self-objectification tendency (Studies 1, 2 and 3). Moreover, Study 3 revealed that women's self-concept clarity moderated the effect of materialism on self-objectification tendency, such that only women with low self-concept clarity reported higher...
14 CitationsSource
#1Catherine Vaughan-Turnbull (UC: University of Canberra)H-Index: 1
#2Vivienne Lewis (UC: University of Canberra)H-Index: 10
Objectification theory has been used to explain how women's experiences of sexual objectification results in self-objectification, self-surveillance, and body shame, with emerging research linking these factors with positive attitudes toward cosmetic surgery. The present study aimed to further examine the utility of the objectification model in predicting women's interest in cosmetic surgery. Participants were 233 Australian female undergraduate students who completed an online questionnaire. Th...
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Cited By1
#1Baolin Li (SNNU: Shaanxi Normal University)H-Index: 6
Last. Lijuan Xiao (BNU: Beijing Normal University)H-Index: 3
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The overwhelming objectification environments and the burgeoning of consumerism have encouraged people to value their physical appearance. Previous research has examined the causes of self-objectification and perceptions of cosmetic surgery. However, few have examined the effect of both objectification and consumerist culture on Chinese women’s views of cosmetic surgery. The present study examined the mechanisms underlying the relationship between internalized ideals of beauty and body surveilla...